Pulgar-Vidal says his and the Lima conferences goal is to focus on a draft agreement as it is the only way to move towards a strong COP in Paris. Likewise, the Peruvian Minister pointed out the COP 20 is the last step towards the potentially pivotal 2015 summit in Paris, France, where a new international climate agreement to replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol is expected to take shape.
In Paris, countries are expected to sign off a global agreement to limit warming to below 2C above pre-industrial levels -- a ceiling deemed safe by some scientists and politicians.
(Source: Andina, 15 July, 2014)
Tags COP20 news, UNFCCC news, Kyoto Protocol news, Climate Change news, Climate Change Mitigation news, Carbon Emissions news,
The credits bought by Norway will be used to help the country meet its targets to reduce emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. (Source: NEFCO, Reuters, 7 July, 2014) Contact: Nordic Environment Finance Corporation, +380 44 287 0106, email@example.com, www.nefco.org
Tags CERs news, Kyoto Protocol news,
Italy made up 45 percent of the EU's emission reduction in 2012. Poland also contributed significantly to the reduction by decreasing its solid fuel consumption, while By contrast, solid fuel consumption increased in the UK and Germany.
The EEA report suggests that the EU may achieve its goal of reducing CO2 emissions by 20 percent by 2020 ahead of time. This objective is part of the EU's 2020 Climate and Energy Package, accepted in 2007 by EU leaders, which also sets further goals such as raising the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20 percent and improving the trading block's energy efficiency by 20 percent.
Access report HERE. (Source: EU, European Environmental Agency, June, 2014) Contact: EEA, www.eea.europa.eu; UNFCCC, www.unfccc.org
Tags Greenhouse Gas news, CO2 news, Greenhouse Gas Inventory news, (UNFCCC) news,
In July, the Abbott government plans to repeal the nation's carbon tax and replace it with a A$2.55 billion Emissions Reduction Fund that will pay big emitters to cut their carbon levels.
According to Reputex' report, the fund will fall far short of meeting a target of cutting emissions to 5 percent below 2000 levels by 2020, as well as miss Australia's international obligations under the Kyoto Protocol.
Australia must cut around 420 million tonnes of CO2 by the end of the decade if it is going to meet its goal. (Source: South China Morning Post, Australian, Others, 12 June, 2014)
Tags Australia Carbon Tax news, Carbon Emissions news,
According to Legarde, energy powerhouses countries need a proactive approach to protect the environment and not simply wait for a deal to replace the Kyoto Protocol.
Countries cannot simply ignore environmental cost factors in the use of fossil fuels, including air pollution and waste water.
Lagarde added that the economic benefits of growth in the energy sector must be widely shared by attracting people with skills not only to oil-producing areas but also by increasing jobs among those living in non resource rich areas.
(Source: International Monetary Fund, Canadian Press, Others, 9 June, 2014) Contact: International Monetary Fund, Christine Legarde, www.forbes.com/profile/christine-lagarde, www.imf.org
Tags Kyoto Protocol news, International Monetary Fund news,
The UK DECC was launched in 2011 by researchers at the University of Bristol, led by Professor Simon O'Doherty in the Atmospheric Chemistry Research Group.
The DECC network consists of four stations in the UK and Ireland which make high-frequency measurements of all major greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and a suite of halocarbons. The measurements are used in conjunction with an atmospheric transport model to infer emissions and to better understand the processes that drive these emissions.
The network has allowed researchers to improve understanding of unknown or unreported sources of greenhouse gases in the UK. The UK's emissions are reported to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as part of the Kyoto Protocol.
(Source: UK DECC, 8 May, 2014) Contact: UK DECC, http://www.bristol.ac.uk
Tags UK DECC news, Carbon Emissions news,
The reports are available HERE. (Source:
International Institute for Sustainable Development, UNFCCC, Feb., 2014) read more:
Contact: IISD, (204) 958-7700, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iisd.org; UNFCCC, Christiana Figueres, Secretary, +49 (228) 815-1000, email@example.com, www.unfccc.int
Tags IISD news, UNFCCC news, COP 19 news, Carbon Emissions news, Kyoto Protocol news,
The ICS has suggested that IMO Member States should initially focus on developing regulations for the mandatory reporting of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by internationally trading ships, deferring further discussions on how the information collected might subsequently be used to develop additional efficiency measures. ICS hopes that if governments can agree to approach their work in distinct stages, IMO Member States can proceed towards the early adoption of mandatory CO2 monitoring and reporting measures that would be enforced worldwide. The ICS suggests this could be done relatively quickly, and might be acceptable to those governments that may not yet be ready to commit to more radical CO2 reduction measures for shipping such as efficiency indexing.
ICS believes that focusing on monitoring and reporting measures now would not prejudice the positions of such countries at the high-level U.N. climate change talks on a replacement for the Kyoto Protocol, which are scheduled to be completed by UNFCCC in Paris in 2015. (Source: ICS. arabiansupplychain.com, Dec. 3, 2013)
Contact: International Chamber of Shipping, +44 20 7090 1460, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.ics-shipping.org; International Maritime Organization, +44 (0)20 7735 7611, www.imo.org
Tags International Maritime Organization news, Maritime Emissions news, CO2 Emissions news, International Chamber of Shipping news,
China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) is calling for exchanges and understanding from all parties for a final agreement.
The NDRC aims to lay the groundwork for a new global climate pact that sets post-2020 targets on emission cuts and to make sure that it can be signed in 2015 and take effect in 2020 as scheduled. The new pact is set to replace the Kyoto Protocol, the first global document with legally-binding targets for developed nations whose second commitment period will end in 2020.
China has committed to voluntarily cut emissions per unit of economic output by between 40 percent and 45 percent on 2005 levels by 2020, although it is exempt from emissions cut targets under the Kyoto Protocol. (Source: Global Times, Various Other, 12 Nov., 2013) Contact: National Development and Reform Commission, en.ndrc.gov.cn
Tags China Carbon Emissions news, Kyoto Protocol news,
According to the figures released from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry last week, Japan produced 1.207 billion metric tons of CO2 last fiscal year, which ended March 2013; a 2.8 percent increase from the previous fiscal year and a7.4 percent higher than the year before the Fukushima Daiichi meltdown in 2011. It is also 14 percent higher than in 1990-91, which is considered the benchmark year for CO2 emissions as per the Kyoto Protocol. It is, however, lower than the 1.218 billion tons during 2007-08, the year before the global financial crisis. (Source: Japan Daily Press, 8 Oct., 2013)
Tags Carbon Emissions news,
The UN CDM allows projects in developing countries that cut GHG emissions to generate carbon credits, which can be sold to developed-nation governments and companies seeking to meet emission targets. Once a multi-billion dollar market, the CDM has tumbled 90-percent over the last two-and-a-half years as the economic crisis and weak climate ambitions in rich countries have left the market over-supplied by billions of permits this decade. CDM credits currently trade at an unprofitable €0.60 per ton of CO2 equivalent in the EU market.
one Burma-based CDM project has been approved by the United Nations, while six more are in early stages of development, according to a Thomson Reuters Point Carbon project database. (Source: The Irrawaddy, 5 Sept., 2013)
Tags Carbon Market news, Kyoto Protocol news, CDM news, Carbon Credits news,
Under the current Kyoto greenhouse protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) , the UN must sign off on each Japanese company's participation, after a lengthy screening process.
As part of the JCM agreement, the Japanese government has conducted feasibility studies in generating carbon emissions reductions in Indonesia through renewable energy, forestry, energy conservation, agriculture, transportation, carbon storage and waste treatment.
Indonesia has also set its own ambitious 2020 targets, of 26 percent emissions reduction on its own, and 41 percent reductions with international assistance through schemes such as that signed on Friday.
(Source: Jakarta Globe, 2 Sept., 2013)
Tags UN CDM news, Kyoto Protocol news, Greenhouse Gas Emissions news,
The CDM RCCs are part of an effort to bring the benefits of the Kyoto Protocol' emission-reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reductions (CERs) which can then be traded, sold and used by industrialized countries to meet environmental targets. Each CER is equivalent to one ton of carbon dioxide.
This is the fourth regional collaboration centre established by the UNFCCC and a regional development bank. The first centre was established in 2012 in Lome, Togo, in collaboration with the Banque Ouest Africaine de Developpement and provides assistance in the development of CDM projects in Francophone Africa.
The two other centres are in Kampala, Uganda, which supports the remaining countries in the Africa, and in Saint George's, Grenada, to assist CDM projects in the Caribbean.
The office will be operational on 1 September and will provide support to all countries in Latin America. (Source: UN News Center, 23 Aug., 2013) Contact:
unfccc.int/secretariat Latin American Development Bank, www.caf.com
Tags CDMs news, United Nations Climate Change Secretariat news,
Tohoku Electric Power Co., Hokuriku Electric Power Co., Shikoku Electric Power Co., Hokkaido Electric Power Co., Tokyo Electric Power Co., Kansai Electric Power Co., Kyushu Electric Power Co., Chubu Electric Power Co., and Chugoku Electric Power Co. failed to hit their targets while Okinawa Electric Power Co., which neverhad a nuclear power plant, met its reduction goal.
(Source: JDP. Kyodo News, 20 Aug., 2013)
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Emissions Reduction Targets news, Kyoto Protocol news, Carbon Emissions news,
"The ECX was created by the EU-ETS in 2005 as a scheme to achieve its obligations under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce carbon emissions and has persisted while American efforts such as the Chicago Climate Exchange closed years ago. Despite its failings, writers in the International Journal of the Economics of Business say that the ECX is good enough to rationalize a mandatory emissions cap and trade scheme worldwide.
"Their evidence? The value of the trades on the ECX were higher after the market closed, which hints of growing sophistication within platforms. They say it means that trades were made with greater confidence based upon increasingly detailed information. The business academics also said there are also signs of maturity based on increased liquidity -- the immediate availability of a party to trade with -- and price efficiency, which means all available information is incorporated into prices so they are traded in a relatively transparent manner.
"The EU set limits and issued permits for how much carbon firms could emit into the atmosphere. If companies exceed their limit, they could incur regulatory penalties, which has not really happened due to the lower demand for permits but the EU-ETS says that by creating a market, it gave firms a financial incentive to reduce their carbon emissions.
"The scholars are not blind to the problems. While apparently confirming the ECX's effectiveness they state that it must change completely to survive Europe's economic downturn. The EU-ETS should be allowed to self-adjust emission caps in reaction to changes in the Eurozone's fortunes and industrial production. Currently the European Parliament must approve changes.
"Report co-author Dr. Gbenga Ibikunle, Lecturer in Finance and Climate Change at the University of Edinburgh Business School, said, 'While individual responsibility for combating climate change is important, much needs to be done to incentivize (high emitting) companies to cut back too. This study shows that free market mechanisms such as the EU-ETS can be effective in doing that. Several other schemes around the world are already learning from this and adopting it as a model." (Source: Scientific Blogging 2.0, July 15, 2013)
Tags Cap-and-Trade news, Climate Change news, Climate Change Mitigation news, EU ETS news,
Although not a binding treaty, the initiatives call for both countries to work together on the development of cleaner vehicles and tougher fuel efficiency standards for heavy-duty vehicles, the fastest growing source of greenhouse gases in the US and responsible for more than half of transportation fuel consumed in China.
Large-scale integrated projects to capture carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants, new schemes to promote building energy efficiency, improve emission data collection and management, and to develop smart grids will also be jointly developed.
(Source: Various Sources, Bus. Green, 12 July, 2013)
Tags Kyoto Protocol news, Climate Change news, Carbon Emissions news, Energy Efficiency news,
A Tata staement says the company plans to add 150-200 mw of wind and 50 mw of solar power capacity every year to reduce its carbon footprint. With four energy projects, including one (50.4 mw from wind) at Khandke in Maharashtra and two at Samana (50.4 mw from wind) and at Mithapur (25 mw from solar) in Gujarat, the company has a total of 397 mw of operating wind power generation capacity and 28 mw of solar power generation capacity, making it one of the largest renewable energy generators in the country. As one of the largest renewable energy players, the company is also setting the country's first 4000mw ultra mega power project at Mundra in Gujarat based on super-critical technology..
The CDM was set up under the Kyoto Protocol to achieve sustainable development and contribute to the cost effective mitigation of climate change. It allows countries with emission reduction commitments to meet part of their reduction abroad, where green house gas (GHG) abatement costs can be lower. The mechanism will also enable developing countries to attract investments in clean energy technology and assist them on a sustainable development path. (Source: TATA, SME Times, 12 June, 2013) Contact: Tata Power, +91 (2) 26 665-8733, www.tatapower.com
Tags Tata Power news, Wind news, UNFCCC news, CERs news,
According to the White House, a global phase-down of HFCs could reduce carbon emissions by 90 gigatons by 2050 -- roughly equivalent to around two full years worth of the world's total GHG emissions.
In April, China agreed to end HFC production by 2030 as part of a $385 million assistance package by wealthy countries under the Montreal Protocol, which was set up to fight the depletion of the ozone layer.
China and other developing nations such as India had initially argued that the Montreal Protocol was not the best instrument to target HFCs and that the issue should instead by handled under the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. (Source: AFP, Rawstory.com, June 8, 2013)
Tags GHG news, Greenhouse Gases news, HFC news, hydrofluorocarbons news,
The neighbourhood project initially focuses on natural gas savings, but the long-term goal is to galvanize stakeholders around additional offerings for electrical savings, renewable energy and water conservation.
Getting to 80 provides financial incentives and offers an easy one-window enrollment in a comprehensive package that includes home assessments by Certified Energy Auditors, gas saving measures and access to reliable contractors. Getting to 80 eligible measures include insulation upgrades, air sealing, a high efficiency space heating system, high efficiency water heating and drain water heat recovery systems.
(Source: Project Neutral, Inside Toronto, 16 May, 2013) Contact: Project Neutral, Karen Nasmith, Director, Project Neutral, www.projectneutral.org
Tags Energy Efficiency news, Energy Management news,
On an annual basis it would represent only a modest increase on deforestation over the past five years -- the period of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period, through which forest owners have had liabilities under the ETS. Even so, it represents a steep increase in the amount of deforestation the large forest owners said they expected to do in a 2011 survey on the assumption that the ETS would remain in place. That survey indicated that their expected total deforestation between 2008 and 2020 would be just 17,000ha, not the 62,000 hectares recorded in the latest survey. Instead it is closer to the 58,000 hectares of deforestation they said then that they would do if there was no ETS.
85 per cent of the forests involved were planted before 1990, and under Kyoto's rules the carbon stored in them is deemed to be emitted upon harvest and is counted in the country's greenhouse gas emissions, unless the land, or its equivalent elsewhere, is replanted.
But since the 2011 survey carbon prices have plunged, with some units trading for only pennies a tonne, and they provide no material barrier to exit should the land be suitable for other uses.
The report estimates that 86 per cent of the land deforested by large-scale owners would be converted to dairy farms and another 9 per cent to sheep and beef.
The survey found that most respondents who intend to deforest either had not calculated the breakeven carbon price or were not prepared to disclose it. (Source: Canterbury University, New Zealand Herald, April 15, 2013) Contact: Canterbury University, Prof. Bruce Manley, Report Author, +64 3 364 2122X6122, email@example.com, www.canterbury.ac.nz
Tags Deforestation news, Carbon Prices news, Carbon news,
Honing in on the above issue, Ecosystem Marketplace will very soon release its own cautionary report covering opportunities (albeit very limited) for compliance suppliers to sell or enter into the voluntary carbon markets.
Access Carbon 2013 report at http://www.pointcarbon.com/polopoly_fs/1.2236558!Carbon%202013%20Final.pdf
(Source: Point Carbon, Ecosystem Marketplace, 26 Mar., 2013) Contact: Point Carbon, www.pointcarbon.com
Tags Point Carbon news, Carbon news,
The new rules open the way not only to improve the carbon accounts, but also to include in these accounts the pool of wood products in use in each Member State, by acknowledging that wood, until the end of its useful life, continues storing the CO2 the trees absorbed during their growth.
The new LULUCF rules correct the aberration introduced by the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 when it was decided that, whenever a tree was cut, the CO2 immediately returned to the atmosphere. It is now acknowledged that the CO2 in fact stays in the harvested wood product until the end of its useful life. Then, and not earlier, is when wood plays a role as a renewable energy source.
The European wood and panel industries will continue working along the EU policy-makers in the development of the concrete application of these new rules. (Source: IHB, 18 March, 2013) Contact: European Panel Federation (EPF2) , www.europeanpanels.eu
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Carbon Storage news, Kyoto Protocol news,
The UBA claimed the annual surge in harmful emissions at no time jeopardized the country's ambitious climate targets stemming from the Kyoto Protocol. It said that by the end of the international treaty in December 2012, Germany's harmful emissions has fallen 25.5 percent from 1990 levels, with the country pledging to reduce them by at least 21 percent. (Source: DW, Feb. 25, 2013) Contact: UAB, www.bmu.de/en/bmu/.../federal.../federal-environment-agency
Tags Greenhouse Gas Emissions news,
In addition, last year the government further tarnished its environmental reputaion when it announced that it would not sign on to a second commitment period on greenhouse gas emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. (Source: UPI Science News, 12 Feb., 2013)
Tags New Zealand news, Cap-and-Trade news, Carbon Credit Trading news,
The research team measured real-world changes in the amount of CO2 building up in the atmosphere against the amount of gases that each country said it emitted. And, like a jigsaw puzzle with one or two missing pieces, the picture did not quite match. "The simplest explanation is there has been an underestimate in the accounting of about 7 per cent through that early period in the 1990s," said the lead researcher, Roger Francey, an honorary fellow at the CSIRO. According to Francey, "the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere doesn't reflect the reported emissions. This may be because the methodology for getting national emissions was far less developed than today, and only really developed for a few countries, so they were relying much more on estimates."
If confirmed, the findings would carry some potentially good news about the rate of climate change: if emissions were higher in the 1990s, then they have not been increasing at quite such a steep rate to reach today's level. It would mean emissions have been rising more steadily for the past three decades, at the middle range of predictions by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, rather than surging up since 2000.
Although an error of 7 per cent in estimated emissions is within the stated level of uncertainty, it still means that emissions equivalent to about four times the size of Australia's annual greenhouse output had somehow been "lost". The accounting method is made even more complicated by the performance of "carbon sinks" which absorb large but varying amounts of carbon out of the atmosphere.
(Source: Nature Climate Change, Brisbane Times, Feb. 11, 2013)
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Kyoto Protocol news,
Leading up to the Doha Climate Change Conference, Australia agreed to ratify the Kyoto Protocol's second commitment period covering emissions targets from 2013-2020. The EU, Norway and Switzerland were the only other countries that agreed to ratify Kyoto's second commitment period. Of those countries, Australia pledged to cut emissions by 47 percent while Europe pledged only 23 per cent.
(Source: The Australian, Feb 8, 2013)
Tags Australia Carbon Tax news, Carbon Tax news, Kyoto Protocol news,
The Enguri Hydro Power Plant is located on the Enguri river and provides 40 percent of the country's domestic power supply.
(Source: EBRD, Enguri Hydro Power, Financial, Feb. 4, 2013) Contact: EBRD, www.ebrd.com
Tags CDM news, Carbon Credits news, Hydro Power news,
At the end of 2012, market participants had hoped to have more clarity over the use of ERUs before the start of Phase III, but the Commission only submitted its formal proposal to the committee on Thursday following discussions with member states even though the main proposed changes had been revealed. The ERU benchmark contract has been under pressure over 2012, shedding 92% of its value, ICIS data show.
The Commission proposed banning ERUs issued by countries that do not have legally binding emissions targets for the period 2013-2020; specifically, "ERUs issued by third countries which do not have legally binding quantified emission targets from 2013 to 2020 or that have not deposited an instrument of ratification relating to such an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, should only be held in the Union Registry if they have been certified to relate to emission reductions verified as having taken place before 2013," the draft amendment said. The Commission added that this assurance can be given in two possible ways: either these ERUs are issued in accordance with the Joint Implementation (JI) track-2 procedure; or they are certified as corresponding to emission reductions before 31 December, 2012 by an independent entity accredited by the JI Supervisory Committee.
ERUs from Russia will be affected. Russia was the second-biggest issuer of ERUs – 207 million -- in the 2008-2012 period, after Ukraine – 233 million -- according to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which oversees the JI mechanism. SM
(Source: EU Climate Change Committee, ICIS, 16 Jan 2013)
More Energy Overviews
Tags ERUs news, EU Climate Change Committee news,
Under the Japan-Mongolia agreement, detailed rules of which have yet to be finalized, eligible emission-reduction projects would involve parties from both nations working to cut emissions in Mongolia. Carbon-offset credits would be awarded on a case-by-case basis. Carbon credits earned from the initial projects won't be tradable at the outset, Japanese officials said. But in due course, Japan will seek to link the bilateral credits to carbon-trading programs that already exist in Japan as well as to international programs, such as the EU's Emissions Trading System, they said.
Japan has recently indicated that it was pursuing a strategy of signing bilateral pacts, as they can be more easily reached than multilateral agreements, such as the Kyoto Protocol. In December, signatories agreed to extend the U.N. climate change agreement through 2020, but this only commits a limited number of industrialized countries to cutting greenhouse gas emissions. (Source: Japan News, 8 Jan, 2013)
Tags CDM news, Carbon Offset news, Carbon Trading news,
. "The Kyoto Protocol, the sole legally binding plan to halt growing global emissions, applies only to rich, developed nations. It was due to expire this year, after the repeated failure of attempts to reach a global deal. The extension to 2020 has been weakened by the withdrawal of Russia, Canada and Japan, leaving only European Union members and 10 other countries facing binding targets to cut their emissions, which account for only about 15 per cent of the global total. The US has not ratified the protocol and China and India are exempt.
"If any progress is to be seen, it is that negotiators have put Kyoto behind them. This leaves the next annual UN climate talks to focus on a 2015 deadline agreed last year for negotiating a new treaty, to take effect from 2020, under which all countries rich and poor would tackle global warming. That will bring to a head the issue of how to divide responsibility between the rich world and developing nations, who say developed economies should bear the major share of the cost of cleaning up a problem for which they are historically responsible. Supported by China at the Doha talks, they pressed for a timetable for a promised tenfold increase in financial and technological aid to US$100 billion a year by 2020. Not surprisingly, this was resisted by the US, Europe and other developed nations facing economic woes at home.
"That said, Kyoto should not be considered a failure. It has created a vision and a way forward for co-operation in tackling pollution. But the process needs fixing, with targets having been missed and emissions getting worse. A new way has to be found for nations to work together to cut emissions. As the biggest and next-biggest polluters respectively, China, to whom the developing world looks for leadership, and the US, which opposes a global regime that imposes targets in favour of more flexibility for each nation, have leading roles to play in closing the gap between rich and poor nations." (Source: South China Morning Post, Dec. 31, 2012)
Tags Climate Change news, Global Warming news, Kyoto Protocol news,
The agreement calls on governments worldwide to take immediate action and put forward solutions to climate change in order to slow down global warming.
The T-EPA said Taiwan's government will set up a mechanism to measure, verify and manage carbon emissions as well as strengthen cooperation with other countries on climate change issues.
Taiwan will also promote education and training on climate change and work to raise public awareness of the issue.
(Source: Focus Taiwan, 16 Dec., 2012)
Tags Taiwan news, Climate Change news, Carbon Emissions news,
"It wasn't pretty, but Doha delivered just enough to keep the process moving. By resolving the key issues, all countries are now on a single track to enter into a new international climate agreement by 2015. Yet, much more remains to be done.
"Over the coming year, negotiators need to step up their intensity and hammer out a plan that will lead to an agreement that is ambitious and fair for all. Moreover, they need to raise their level of ambition in the near term, even before a new agreement kicks in. Getting on the right track will take a greater commitment and sense of urgency than we saw in Doha. There were a couple of bright spots, including the EU countries that stepped up with important financial pledges. But the United Nations is primarily a reflection of the political will of its members, and right now we're lacking leadership on climate (change) from most world powers.
"Following President Obama's re-election and the devastation of Hurricane Sandy, many people were watching to see if the U.S. would shift its strategy. The US made some gestures, but it didn't significantly change course. All eyes will be on the administration to see what further action it takes to lower emissions at home. President Obama's legacy -- like all world leaders -- will in part be measured by his response to the climate crisis.
"The stakes are high. Whether it's events like Typhoon Bopha and Hurricane Sandy, or record-breaking droughts and rapidly rising seas, the dangers of a warming planet cannot be ignored. The door is now open. It's up to all countries to step through and get on course to a strong and fair climate agreement." (Source: WRI, Jennifer Morgan, Director, Climate and Energy Program Dec. 8, 2012) Contact: World Resources Institute, (202) 729-7600, www.wri.org
Tags COP18 news, Climate Change news, WRI news,
The U.S. never joined Kyoto, partly because it didn't include China and other fast-growing developing countries. Canada formally withdrew from the accord a year ago. Countries aim to adopt in 2015 a wider treaty that would apply to all countries and enter force when the Kyoto extension expires.
Doha delegates also agreed to postpone until next year discussions on demands from developing nations for more cash to help them cope with the rising costs of mitigating disasters blamed on global warming. (Source: CBC, Dec. 8, 2012)
Tags Kyoto Accord news, Climate Change news, Global Warming news,
Taiwan's 54-member delegation that includes experts and officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Transportation and Communications and Council of Agriculture, arrived in Doha Dec. 1 has participated in several meetings on the sidelines of the summit. (Source: Focus Taiwan, 4 Dec., 2012)
Tags COP18 news, Climate Change news,
Key conference issues include how to help emerging nations switch to climate-friendly energy sources and charting the course for a new treaty that would replace the Kyoto Protocol, which covers only developed countries.
The U.S. did not ratified Kyoto, which expires this year, primarily because it did not impose carbon emission limits on China and other emerging economies.
Australia and European countries are hoping that COP18 will agree to an extension of the existing pact until a wider treaty comes into force in 2020.
(Source: Gov't of NZ, Various Sources, AP, 3 Dec., 2012)
Tags Kyoto Protocol news, Carbon Emissions news,
In 2009, Japan pledged to cut its emissions by 25 percent by 2020 from the 1990 levels.
Su said Japan will remain obliged to reduce emissions and help developing countries do so, although the country does not plan to join in the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol on global warming, starting in 2013. (Source: Japan Times, Nov. 30, 2012)
Tags Kyoto Protocol news, Global Warming news, Climate Change news,
According to Russian Prime Minister Dimitry
Medvedev, Russia does not gain much from the Kyoto Protocol and should reconsider its participation and contends that Kyoto is
inefficient in its current form.
(Source: Russia Beyond the Headlines, Nov. 26, 2012)
Contact: Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org
Tags Greenpeace news, Kyoto news, Climate Change news,
The Vietnamese scheme, which will be in line with regulations under the Kyoto Protocol, will control emission of of GHGs including carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfuorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The plan set a target to reduce GHG emissions in the energy and transport sectors by 8 per cent from levels in 2005, along with a 20 per cent reduction in the agriculture sector.
Under the scheme the country will apply methods to absorb methane from landfill sites and through industrial waste water processing to reduce methane emissions by 5 per cent. Growing new forests and revitalizing existing forest areas are also measures to be applied to promote capacity to absorb the emissions. A domestic carbon credit market will also be established so that Viet Nam can join the international carbon market.
In addition, a national system to control GHGs is to be set up with the participation of relevant ministries and branches.
A finance mechanism and legal documents on managing GHG emissions will also be completed in accordance with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (Source: Vietnam Bridge, 26 Nov., 2012)
Tags Carbon Market news, CERs news, Greenhouse Gas news,
The Turn Down the Heat report was prepared by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics ahead of the next UN conference on climate change from November 26 to December 7 in Doha, Qatar. It gives a snapshot of the latest climate science, saying the Earth is on a path to become a 4-degree-Celsius-warmer planet by 2100. It found that current pledges to reduce greenhouse emissions blamed for global warming will not make much of a dent in the temperature rise.
At the last UN climate talks in Durban, South Africa, in December 2011, negotiators sealed a commitment to negotiate a broader long-range climate treaty but postponed a decision to December 2012 about extending the Kyoto Protocol. The five-year commitment under the Kyoto Protocol on global warming ends in December.
The European Union is practically alone in carrying out its obligations to reduce carbon emissions, and has insisted that emerging economies like economic powerhouse China, which were exempted from the Kyoto Protocol, and the U.S., which never ratified the treaty, start paying their share of the cost of soaring carbon emissions.
The question of whether the Kyoto Protocol should be extended to 2017 or 2020 was also left open in Durban. The grace period allows time for individual countries to calculate their goals for reducing carbon emissions.
Under the agreements in Durban, the 193 members of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change -- the umbrella for Kyoto -- have until 2015 to agree on a new legally-binding climate treaty, aimed at reducing greenhouse gasses.
The treaty would go into effect from 2020. (Source: World Bank, Times Live, 19 Nov, 2012) Contact: World Bank, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, www.pik-potsdam.de
Tags Kyoto Protocol news, Global Warming news, Climate Change news,
To date, 880 of the registered Chinese projects have been approved, and the total issuance volume has reached 590 million tons of CO2 equivalent. This is a major contribution to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, the report said.
(Source: Xinhua, Global Times, Nov. 21, 2012)
Tags CDM news, Carbon Emissions news,
"According to Oxford professor Dieter Helm, writing in an op-ed piece in the New York Times, any progress in CO2 reduction has been overwhelmed by new emissions in places such as China, which gobbles up coal and plans many more coal-fired electricity plants to meet its enormous energy appetite.
"Congress abandoned a cap and trade system for CO2 in 2010 although several states,(Illinois and Calif.) have some version of it. A system of cap and trade was useful for in 1990 program that has helped reduce sulfur dioxide emissions. Some regard setting carbon limits and then selling rights to pollute under that was the most economical and efficient way to go, even though anti-coal experts oppose it.
"Now, there are balloons being set aloft to see how a carbon tax might work. A Washington Post editorial thought a carbon tax would be a good idea and not just to stave off climate change. The Post quotes Resources for the Future, a think tank, as projecting that $25 per ton tax could raise $125 billion a year in new revenue -- more than would be provided by eliminating the home mortgage deduction.
"The idea is that big utilities would be forced to shift from high carbon fuels such as coal to less-carbon ones such as gas or wind. Coal prices have been badly undercut by cheaper gas at the moment and coal's percentage of the U.S. electricity mix has gone from about 45 percent to the mid-30s. This is not cast in concrete, however. Coal markets are notoriously cyclical and volatile and coal could just as quickly regain its cost advantages over competing natural gas. A partial recovery is already predicted next year as gas prices start to rise. (In Europe, for other reasons, gas is already three times as costly as in the US). "Now that the election is over and Obama has won, Big Coal and its allies don't have the momentum they did to paint him as an out-of-control regulator. Nor does Obama have carte blanche in Congress to push one idea or another.
"There are problems with a carbon tax. Lower income electricity't pay an unfair price for power. And if Europe establishes a carbon tax, and China does not, then China gets an automatic and unfair export subsidy, Helm says. Any carbon tax would have to be part of a global agreement, including one on energy imports.
"The plus side includes new ways to drum up revenue. Another is that if utilities are forced and have a legal excuse to reduce carbon, they may be more inclined to develop and install CCS technologies that may involve burning coal, although the general trend would be away from it. The simple truth, however, is that the U.S. needs to start doing something about CO2 or face more superstorms like Sandy. Blaming China can't serve as an excuse much longer." (Source: Peter Galuszka, Bacon's Rebellion, Nov. 12, 2012)
Tags Carbon Tax news, Cap-and-Trade news, CCS news,
The Kyoto 2 treaty aims to curb international greenhouse gas emissions through binding national reductions, although some of the world's biggest polluters, including the U.S. and China, refuse to sign on.
New Zealand's climate change minister, Tim Groser, says New Zealand would be better served in the future by joining the U.S., China and others in a nonbinding climate pledge under the U.N.Framework Convention.
Opponents said New Zealand is shirking its responsibilities and risking its international standing.
The Kyoto 2 treaty will run from 2013 to 2020. (Source: NZ Climate Change Ministry, CTV, Nov. 11, 2012)
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CDP surveyed 400 companies in Asia that it deemed most relevant to investors and comparable in terms of size and importance to the region's economy. The report shows that 32 percent of the 400 responded -- an increase of almost 20 percent from 27 percent in 2011. Twenty-three companies based in China responded, up from 10 in 2011. South Korean and Taiwanese companies were most likely to answer the questionnaire or provide some information.
Approximately 30 percent of 117 respondents identified near-term regulatory opportunities, while many indicated that they hope to generate carbon credits (CERS)for sale to companies covered by carbon-trading schemes. Emissions-trading systems in South Korea and Australia, both expected to be up and running in 2015, will allow companies to surrender a limited number of international CERs for emissions-reduction projects in countries with voluntary commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. Regional trials of carbon trading in China are also expected to demand carbon credits, to help meet a 17 percent carbon emissions per unit of GDP reduction target by 2015, as published in the country’s 12th Five-Year Plan.
Companies in many Asian countries will profit from selling CERs regulated under the UN Kyoto Protocol CDM. India and China currently generate the majority of projects that qualify for carbon credits under the mechanism globally. (Source: Carbon Disclosure Project, China Dialogue, 12 Nov., 2012) COntact: Carbon Disclosure Project, +44 (0) 20 7970 5660, www.cdproject.net
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France and Germany also made considerable GHG cuts while Spain and Italy's poor performance puts them in danger of missing their Kyoto targets, according to figures released by the European Environment Agency.
The EU as a whole will meet its target under the 1997 Kyoto Accord, which requires developed countries to cut their emissions by a total of just over 5 percent from 1990 levels by the end of 2012. Currently, EU member states are the only major countries pledging to continue the Kyoto protocol beyond the end of this year, when its current provisions expire.
(Source: European Environment Agency, The Guardian, 24 Oct., 2012) Contact: European Environment Agency, www.eea.europa.eu
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With few nations expected to agree on extending the 1997 Kyoto Protocol when its targets for industrialized nations expire this year, national governments will probably take the lead in creating carbon markets over the next few years, Andrei Marcu, head of the Centre for European Policy Studies' Carbon Market Forum in Brussels, said in an October 5 paper.
The UN needs rules to make sure new markets generate sufficient trading volume and allocate resources efficiently to emission projects, he said. The UN's CDM Executive Board should be expanded to authorize or coordinate national markets seeking to trade their permits globally, Marcu said. Countries that don't want to link with global markets wouldn't need such oversight, he said. According to the paper, the UN needs to develop the so-called Framework for Various Approaches under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to help oversee domestic programs.
Countries wanting to create CERs for global markets could choose one of two tracks to win approval, according to the Centre for European Policy Studies paper.
Under the first track, a so-called Market Regulatory Board would review and approve the domestic market for recognition, allowing its permits or credits to become International Compliance Units.
Alternatively, the board could set up a peer review of the domestic market. After the review, which would ensure compliance with yet-to-be-agreed environmental standards, the market could be recognized as international and its credits could be converted to international units.
Plans to link the EU and Australian greenhouse-gas-reduction programs also demonstrate there is an urgent need to make sure national or regional programs can fit together with minimum standards, according to the paper.
Australia said August 28 it will allow its emitters to use international credits including EU permits and UN Certified Emission Reductions for as much as half of their compliance needs, tightening the specific limit on UN offsets to 12.5 per cent from 50 per cent. The nation would scrap a floor price of $15 a metric ton that was set to take effect in 2015.
The two regions will start a partial link of their carbon markets by July 2015, allowing Australian companies to purchase European allowances immediately for future compliance. (Source: Sydney Morning Herald, Oct. 8, 2012)
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It is vital for everyone to work together to make the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference, to be held in the Qatari capital of Doha from 26 November to 7 December, "a major stepping stone to a global, robust and legally binding climate regime," said Mr. Ban. The world, he said, is witnessing the highest levels of emissions ever; the Arctic sea ice is again at an all-time low; and it is another record year for wild fires, droughts and flooding. Climate change is making weather patterns both extreme and unpredictable, contributing to volatility in global food prices, which means food and nutrition insecurity for the poor and the most vulnerable.
The Secretary-General has made food security a top priority through the Zero Hunger Challenge he launched at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Brazil in June.The initiative aims for a future where every individual has adequate nutrition and where all food systems are resilient. Its five objectives are to make sure that everyone in the world has access to enough nutritious food all year long; to end childhood stunting; to build sustainable food systems; to double the productivity and income of smallholder farmers, especially women; and to prevent food from being lost or wasted.
Ending hunger will mean climate-smart, climate-resilient agriculture, as well as policies that are water-smart, energy-efficient, and that promote inclusive green growth, Mr. Ban said. He called on governments to adopt the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol when they meet later this year in Doha. The first commitment period of the Protocol, the legally binding treaty to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, expires this year.
"The emission reduction targets of the new Kyoto treaty are not sufficient - we know that - but they are necessary starting point from which to build a future global agreement by 2015," he stated. It is also important to address the gap between fast-start finance and long-term finance so that by 2020 climate finance is being mobilized at the agreed level of $100 billion a year, he said, calling for accelerating efforts to make the Green Climate Fund, approved last year in Durban, fully operational. (Source: UN News Service, 27 Sept., 2012)
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SE Asian governments have introduced blending mandates for biofuels to boost their use in their countries. This is seen as a result of ratifying the Kyoto Protocol to curb their emissions, but also as a way to boost their agricultural sector and decrease their dependence on crude oil.
The challenges facing the region's biofuel industry include competition from the food industry and out-dated petroleum-fuel subsidies, both of which can be
overcome be enforcing blending legislation, removing petroleum subsidies and providing incentives for consumers and tax breaks for biofuel producers.
(Source: Frost & Sullivan, EcoSeed, 21 Sept., 2012)
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"A new study by Thomson Reuters Point Carbon showed that signatory countries will have accumulated more than 17 billion tonnes of surplus reduction permits by 2020. According to the report, the total surplus from the first Kyoto commitment period (2008-2012) already consists of 13.1 billion tonnes. The study estimates that under current rules, signatory countries will accumulate 3.6 billion tonnes by 2020. If Australia and New Zealand then decide not to join the second Kyoto commitment period (2012-2016), the combined surplus would be as high as 17.2 billion tonnes. 'That is more than Europe would emit over the course of five years and more than double what China annually emits. This is partly because Kyoto uses 1990 as the reference year. But just after 1990, economies in Central and Eastern Europe collapsed, which led to decreased industrial activity and emissions. This allowed these countries to stay under their emission limits and build up a surplus.
"At this moment the same thing is happening: we are in the midst of an economic crisis which again leads to lower emissions worldwide' According to last weeks European Environmental Agency report, EU emissions in 2011 fell to 17.5 percent below the 1990 level -- only 2.5 percent away from our final 2020 Kyoto goal. Although emissions are dropping worldwide, the build-up of surpluses is an enormous threat to the integrity of the Kyoto protocol. 'Of course dropping emissions is good news, but not in this case,' says Wyns.
"According to the Reuters Point Carbon study, the 3.6 billion surplus projection by 2020 would be realized under business-as-usual conditions without the government measures to reduce emissions. But most importantly, the enormous amount of surpluses causes the price of allowances to drop close to zero. At this moment, the price has already dropped to less than €one per tonne.
'The supply is thrice the demand," Anja Kollmuss, carbon market expert at the Brussels-based CDM Watch tells IPS. 'When prices go that close to zero it could lead to a collapse of the market. The allowances are useless to the countries that own them because there is no one willing to buy them. The trade will come to a halt. It's hard to see how there could possibly be a market under these conditions." (Source: TruthOut, Sept.15, 2012)
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The report comes as peace talks continue between environmentalists and forestry industry representatives seeking to end the state's bitter 30-year forests "war".
Forest peace negotiators are haggling over 572,000 hectares earmarked for protection and, with only new reserves eligible for the carbon cash, the report could have a bearing on the talks.
CO2 representative James Bulinski said there were still hurdles for the state to jump, but countries like New Zealand were already seeing tens of millions of dollars flowing into their economies.
Tasmania's Liberal opposition said the report proved that forestry in the state was carbon positive.
"This study categorically debunks the Greens' false claims that forestry in Tasmania is contributing negatively to climate change," spokesman Peter Gutwein said. Tasmania's Climate Change Minister Cassy O'Connor added, "What this report tells us is that our forests are definitely worth more standing (than harvested)."
(Source: The Australian, Sept. 6, 2012)
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