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Econic Tech. Touting New Materials from Waste CO2 (Ind. Report)
DECC,Econic Technologies
Date: 2015-03-11
In the UK, researchers from Econic Technologies, a spin-out company of the Department of Chemistry and Imperial College London, have been experimenting with captured CO2 and have found that by using novel catalyst technology developed at Imperial College it was possible to recycle the waste CO2 into polycarbonate polyola.

Current industrial processes for producing these polyols require expensive and toxic petrochemicals such as propylene oxide which is derived from petroleum. The technology developed at Imperial College, and being taken to market through Econic Technologies, offers existing manufacturers a route to lower costs and lower carbon impact. The researchers estimate that for every tonne of CO2 used in their process, a further two tonnes of emissions could be saved by avoiding making the petrochemical-based raw material it displaces.

Econic Technologies is presently working with major chemical companies to support the adoption of this technology. The research is being funded by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. The research has been published in ACS Catalysis. (Source: Econic Technologies, domain-b.com, 7 Mar., 2015) Contact: Econic Technologies, 011 +44 (0) 20 376 39473, info@econic-technologies.com, http://www.econic-technologies.com; DECC, www.decc.gov; Imperial College London, http://www.imperial.ac.uk

Tags DECC news,  Imperial College London news,  CO2 news,  Carbon Emissions news,  Carbon Capture news,  


MIT Researchers Explore Better Carbon Capture Technology (R&D)
American Chemicals Society
Date: 2015-03-06
Trapping power plant CO2 emissions could play a significant role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the future. But current materials that can collect CO2 have low capacities or require very high temperatures to work efficiently. To address this issue, researchers at MIT studying new materials and technologies that can capture larger quantities of carbon at lower temperatures, have discovered that coating MgO particles with substances called alkali metal nitrates boosted the amount of CO2 that material could take up by more than 10-fold. This translates into smaller equipment needs and lower plant costs. Additionally, the particles themselves are readily prepared with low-cost materials. Funding for the research was provided by Saudi Aramco under the MIT Energy Initiative program. (Source: American Chemicals Society, Laboratory Equipment, Mar., 2015) Contact: MIT Energy Initiative, T. Haggen, (617) 258-8891, askmite@mit.edu, http://mitei.mit.edu

Tags MIT Energy Initiative news,  American Chemicals Society news,  Carbon Capture news,  CO2 news,  


Callide Oxyfuel Project Update (Ind. Report)

Date: 2015-03-04
In Central Queensland, Australia, the world's first industrial scale oxyfuel combustion and carbon capture technology demonstration has been completed at the Callide Oxyfuel Project. The demonstration phase close at the end of this month.

The $245 million international joint venture project has achieved over 10 000 hours of oxy-combustion and more than 5500 hours of carbon capture from the coal-fired electricity generation facility at CS Energy's Callide A Power Station. One of only a handful of low emission coal projects in the world, the Callide Oxyfuel Project is making a significant contribution to the international carbon capture and storage knowledge bank. The Callide Oxyfuel Project has also helped advance the generation industry's investigations into the viability of carbon dioxide storage through its collaboration with CO2CRC.

The Callide Oxyfuel Project is a joint venture between CS Energy, ACA Low Emissions Technologies (ACALET), Glencore, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and Japanese participants, JPower, Mitsui & Co., Ltd., and IHI. The project received $63 million from the Australian Government under the Low Emissions Technology Demonstration Fund and other financial support from the Japanese and Queensland governments and technical support from JCOAL. (Source: Callide Oxyfuel Project Mar., 2015) Contact: Callide Oxyfuel Project, www.callideoxyfuel.com; CS Energy, www.csenergy.com.au; Xstarta Coal, +61 2 9253-6700, www.xstrata.com; Schlumberger Carbon Services, (281) 285-1300, www.slb.com

Tags Callide Oxyfuel Project news,  CCS news,  Carbon Dioxide news,  


"Clean Coal" Support Bill Introduced (Reg & Leg)
Coal Utilization Research Council
Date: 2015-03-02
Democratic coal-state Senators Heidi Heitkamp (D-N.D.) and Tim Kaine (D-Va.) have introduced legislation that would increase support for clean coal and provide a viable path forward for coal-fired electricity as the country moves to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The bill would provide new incentives for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology, which has yet to be developed on a large scale for coal plants. It would direct more funds at the Energy Department toward carbon capture, provide variable price support for companies that capture the carbon and increase tax credits, among other actions. Heitkamp introduced the same bill 2014, but it never gained support. The Coal Utilization Research Council, an industry group that pushes for more research funding for coal, applauded the legislation. (Source: The Hill, Coal Utilization Research Council, Others, 28 Feb., 2015) Contact: Coal Utilization Research Council, Ben Yamagata, Exec. Dir., (202) 298-1857,bny@vnf.com, www.coal.org; Sen. Heidi Heitkamp (D-N.D.), www.heitkamp.senate.gov; Tim Kaine (D-Va.), www.kaine.senate.gov

Tags Clean Coal news,  Coal news,  Coal Utilization Research Council news,  


Blue Carbon, La. Wetland Restoration Worth $1.6Bn (Ind. Report)
Entergy Corp., The Climate Trust,Tierra Resources
Date: 2015-02-25
A two-year assessment prepared by New Orleans-based Tierra Resources and Portland-based nonprofit The Climate Trust of the potential to develop blue carbon -- the carbon captured by coastal ecosystems -- projects on Louisiana's coast and mangrove forests estimates that carbon finance revenue could provide as much as $1.6 billion in funding to assist with wetland restoration over the next half century. The study was supported by Entergy Corporation through their Environmental Initiatives Fund.

The analysis examines existing wetland restoration techniques such as river diversions, hydrologic restoration, wetland assimilation, and mangrove plantings to identify areas for future scientific investigation to support carbon offset programs.

Initial findings indicated that restoration in Louisiana could potentially produce over 1.8 million offsets per year, or almost 92 million offsets over 50 years. Wetland restoration techniques identified in the study could potentially generate $400 million to $1 billion in offset revenue depending on the dollar value of the carbon offset -- with the potential for almost $630 million more by including prevented wetland loss in the carbon accounting. The high cost of wetland restoration is the main barrier to wetland carbon commercialization, according to the study. (Source: Ecosystem Marketplace, 23 February 2015) Contact: The Climate Trust, Dick Kempka, VP Bus. Dev., (503) 238-1915, http://www.climatetrust.org; Tierra Resources, Dr. Sarah Mack, (504) 339-4547, http://tierraresourcesllc.com; Entergy Corp, Chuck Barlow, VP Environmental Strategy & Policy, http://www.entergy.com

Tags Carbon news,  Carbon Offsets news,  Mangrove news,  Entergy Corp. news,  The Climate Trust news,  Tierra Resources news,  


ETI Offering £20Mn for CCS Breakthrough Technologies (Int'l)
Energy Technologies Institute
Date: 2015-02-23
In the UK, the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) is offering businesses as much as £20 million to develop carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies for gas-fired power stations. ETI is seeking "breakthrough technologies" that are sufficiently developed to move directly into the detailed design, construction and testing of a pilot plant.

structures and is used to tackle global climate change. The ETI's announcement follows a project launched last year to fund a 5MW CCS plant capable of capturing up to 95 pct of carbon emissions from a gas-fired power station.

According to ETI Programme Manager for CCS, Andrew Green, "We expect that by 2020, there will be 30GW of gas-fired power capacity, some of which will require retrofit or upgrade to include CCS by 2030 if we are to meet UK CO2 reduction targets. Newly developed technology which reduces costs and accelerates deployment by 2030 is therefore critical." (Source: ETI.ELN. 17 Feb., 2015) Contact: Energy Technologies Institute, Andrew Green, CCS programme manager, 011 +44 (0) 1509 202020, www.eti.co.uk

Tags Energy Technologies Institute news,  CCS news,  


Miss. CCS Equipped Coal Power Plant Slated for Mid-2016 Opening (Ind. Report)
Mississippi Power
Date: 2015-02-20
Gulfport-headquartered Mississippi Power plans to open a coll-fired plant designed and equipped to capture 65 pct of its carbon emissions in 2016. The plant uses a gasification process and uses locally mined lower-quality lignite coal. and could be easily outfitted with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) equipment.

The Mississippi plant will be the first commercial experiment with the technology in the U.S. In 2008 the state legislature passed the Baseload Act which allows Mississippi Power to raise customers rates to fund the project which was originally expected to cost $1.8 billion in 2009 but in 2014 was at $6.2 billion. (Source: Mississippi Power,GreenCar Report, 18 Feb., 2015) Contact: Mississippi Power, Ed Day, Pres., www.mississippipower.com

Tags Mississippi Power news,  CCS news,  


WCA Calls for Clean Coal Investments to Fight Climate Change (Ind. Report)
World Coal Association
Date: 2015-02-18
The London-headquartered World Coal Association (WCA) has called for more investment in cleaner coal technologies to meet a growing energy demand while cutting carbon emissions. According to the WCA, technologies such as "high efficiency, low emissions" (HELE) coal plants, as well as carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS) as ways that the industry can aid in reducing global CO2 emissions. Other technology includes pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture, and oxy-fuel combustion.

WCA acting CEO Benjamin Sporton said "The WCA recognizes the vital role that all low emission technologies can play and has created a global Platform for Accelerating Coal Efficiency(PACE) to promote adoption of these technologies. PACE's vision is for the most efficient power plant technology possible to be deployed when coal plants are built. PACE's objective is to raise the global average efficiency of coal-fired power plants and so minimize CO2 emissions, whilst maintaining legitimate economic development and poverty alleviation efforts," Sporton added.

Sporton said that "Calls for divestment ignore the global role played by coal and the potential offered by HELE and CCUS technologies. It is essential that responsible investors actively engage with the coal industry. All low emission technologies are needed to meet climate targets. We cannot meet our energy needs, tackle energy poverty and reduce global emissions without utilizing all options available to us, including low emissions coal." (Source: World Coal Association, Australian Mining, CoalGuru, 17 Feb., 2015) Contact: World Coal Association, Benjamin Sporton, Acting CEO, 011 +44 (0) 20 7851 0052, info@worldcoal.org, http://www.worldcoal.org

Tags Coal news,  Clean Coal news,  Climate CHangeWorld Coal Association news,  Coal news,  Clean Coal news,  


Admitting FutureGen's Failure (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
Cato Institute
Date: 2015-02-13
"The Department of Energy (DOE) is admitting that it failed. Last week, it announced that it will stop development of FutureGen 2.0, a federally-financed, coal-fired power plant in Illinois. FutureGen, and its successor FutureGen 2.0, wasted millions of tax dollars, and was beset with multiple delays and cost overruns.

"FutureGen was one of many federal energy projects experimenting in so-called "clean coal" technology. FutureGen sought to demonstrate the technical capabilities of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology. CCS attempts to capture CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants and store it underground, eliminating an increase in atmospheric CO2.

"FutureGen was launched in 2003 by the George W. Bush administration as a public-private partnership to demonstrate CCS with a site chosen in Illinois. Costs would be shared among the federal government and 12 private energy companies. The project's estimated cost grew from $1 billion to $1.8 billion by 2008, when it was cancelled due to the cost overruns.

"In 2010 the Obama administration revived the project using stimulus funding. The new project, FutureGen 2.0, was allotted $1 billion from the federal government, with private investors supposed to be providing additional funding.

"The project was plagued with problems. Estimated costs grew quickly, rising from $1.3 billion to $1.65 billion. The Congressional Research Service cited 'ongoing issues with project development, [and] lack of incentives for investment from the private sector.' Private investors were unwilling to invest in the project. As of August 2014, the FutureGen Alliance had yet to raise the $650 billion in private debt and equity needed. There were additional concerns about the legality of a $1 a month surcharge to subsidize the project that would have been added to the electricity bills of all Illinois residents. Late last year, the Illinois Supreme Court agreed to hear the case.

"Now, DOE announced that it will suspend funding for the project. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz told reporters, "frankly, the project has got a bunch of challenges remaining," which is a startling admission from the administration. DOE said that the project failed to make enough progress to keep it alive and would not meet a September 30, 2015 deadline for spending the remaining stimulus funds that it had been allotted.

"The project spent $202.5 million of the $1 billion before being cancelled. Together, the two iterations of FutureGen ended up costing taxpayers $378 million.

"A related issue is that proposed regulations from the Obama administration would functionally require CCS for all new coal-fired power plants in the United States. But with the failure of FutureGen, the federal government has not demonstrated that it works properly. DOE's other CCS demonstration project in Mississippi is experiencing delays as well. Some experts question if CCS is technologically possible at a cost-effective price.

"FutureGen and FutureGen 2.0 are part of a long list of DOE failures. Repeating mistakes made during the Bush administration, DOE reopened FutureGen, which put millions more tax dollars at risk. DOE should stop trying to centrally plan technological advances and instead let entrepreneurs experiment and the market guide the nation's energy progress." (Source: Cato Institute, Feb., 2015) Contact: Cato Institute, Nicole Kaeding, (202) 842-0200, http://www.cato.org

Tags FutureGen news,  FutureGen 2.0 news,  Cato Institute news,  


SaskPower's Carbon Capture Project: What Risk? What Reward? -- Report Attached (Ind. Report)
SaskPower
Date: 2015-02-11
SaskPower opened its $1.5 billion Boundry Dam Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Facility to much fanfare, with Premier Brad Wall hailing the project as "another Saskatchewan first." However, a new report from the Saskatchewan Office of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives questions whether the rewards from such an investment outweigh the risks.

SaskPower's Carbon Capture Project: What Risk? What Reward? by Brian Banks and Mark Bigland-Pritchard raises many questions about the cost of the project, the consequences for ratepayers, the purported environmental benefits and whether it was ultimately money well spent by the province. The authors conclude that the massive investment in CCS technology would have been much better spent on new, less-expensive, renewable sources of energy that would have a far greater environmental impact in terms of reduced Green House Gases (GHG) than what CCS technology can currently offer.

Access the SaskPower's Carbon Capture Project: What Risk? What Reward? report HERE. Source: Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives, (613) 563-1341, ccpa@policyalternatives.ca, www.policyalternatives.ca: SaskPower, Mike Monea, Pres., CCS Initiatives, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com

Tags SaskPower news,  CCS news,  Boundary Dam news,  


France Axing Foreign Coal-Fired Power Plant Subsidies (Int'l)
Coal,Bellona
Date: 2015-02-11
Bellona is reporting that the French government, as part of its effort to address climate change, plans to halt subsidies for the construction of coal-fired power plants in developing countries. Funding would only be granted to plants equipped with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology.

While coal makes up only a small share of the French energy mix, the country subsidizes new coal energy in third-world countries through public guarantees from the French Export Credit Agency (COFACE). Since 2011, COFACE has guaranteed over €1.2 billion of coal projects and was the fifth largest subsidizer of coal energy exports from the OECD between 2007 and 2013. The withdrawal of this support will be written into the energy transition for green growth bill, which is currently undergoing examination in the French Senate. (Source: Bellona Europa, 10 Feb., 2015) Contact: Bellona Europa, europe@bellona.org, www.bellona.org

Tags Coal news,  Bellona news,  GHGs news,  Carbon Emissions news,  Climate Change news,  


BP Exec. Downplays CCS (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
BP,CCS
Date: 2015-02-11
According to oil giant British Petroleum's (BP) newly minted chief economist Mr. Spencer Dale, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) will play "very limited role" to 2035 and is unlikely to take off to a significant degree over the next 20 years.

"In terms of the energy outlook, there is some role for CCS by the end of 2035, but it's really quite small -- and that's just a judgement call in terms of where the technology has got to and the relative cost." Dale added.

"Perhaps if we were projecting forward 40 years rather than 20 years, I would hopefully expect to see a greater role for CCS by then, but in terms of our central message of the likely outcome, it is a very limited role," Dale added. Dale's comments were a partial preview of BP's soon to be released annual energy outlook. (Source: BP, Interfax, Other, Feb., 2015) Contact: BP, www.bp.com

Tags British Petroleum news,  CCS news,  Carbon Emissions news,  


Scientists Exploring Baking Soda to Capture CO2 (New Prod & Tech)
NETL
Date: 2015-02-09
A team of scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have developed a new type of carbon capture medium comprising of core-shell microcapsules -- the core ingrediant in everyday Baking Soda. The new class of materials could remove GHGs and have significant CCS applications.

For these new materials, the scientists employed a microfluidic assembly technique. This produced microcapsules that contained liquid sorbents, or asorbing materials, encased in highly permeable polymer shells. This is the first time these microcapsules have been used in carbon sequestration. Because power plants are the single largest source of CO2 these microcapsules could be a huge boon when it comes to preventing GHG emissions.

Currently, the researchers are working on enhancements to the new technique and hope to eventually bring the capture process to scale. The full report is available HERE. (Source: Harvard Gazette, NETL, Uncover California, 2 Feb., 2015)

Tags CCS news,  GHG news,  


Lost Sub-Sea Carbon Sinks Contribute to GHG Emissions (R&D)
Carbon Emissions,Spanish National Research Council
Date: 2015-02-09
An international research team comprised of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB) and the Oceans Institute of the University of Western Australia has concluded that loss of underwater posidonia meadows can no longer capture and store atmospheric CO2 and can become a source of CO2 by eroding and freeing the carbon stored in the meadow over long periods.

The team assessed whether the revegetation of underwater meadows is effective in restoring their capacity to act as carbon sinks in relation to the time needed to achieve this (decades). The study was published in the Journal of Ecology. "The revegetation of meadows prevents the erosion of these organic carbon deposits which have accumulated throughout centuries in meadows which have now disappeared," points out CSIC researcher Nuria Marba from the Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies (IMEDEA). "Our results indicate that the loss of this ecosystem must have also represented an important loss in the capacity to sequester and store carbon in the sediments of underwater meadows," she adds.

Seagrass meadows are relevant as carbon sinks at a global scale and that is why their conservation and restoration can contribute to mitigating anthropogenic emissions, researchers state. In addition, the results of this study contribute to dispel the doubts which were hindering the development of blue carbon strategies in underwater meadows. Blue carbon is the term given to carbon captured by marine and coastal ecosystems in the form of biomass and sediments. The study relied on using sediment-dating techniques to quantify the accumulation of carbon in repopulated areas and the erosion of historic carbon in areas that were not revegetated. (Source: Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), 9 Feb., 2015) Contact: CSIC, 011 +34 91 568 1400, www.csic.es

Tags GHGs news,  Carbon Sink news,  


Is the End of FutureGen the End of Clean Coal? (Ind. Report)
FutureGen 2.0,FutureGen Alliance
Date: 2015-02-06
On Tuesday, the Obama administration pulled the plug on the troubled FutureGen 2.0 project. The $1.7 billion project, which planned to overhaul a 65-year-old coal-fired power plant in Illinois with carbon capture (CCS) technology, was conceived and overseen by the FutureGen Alliance, a coalition of leading power producers and utility companies.

Although the DOE contends that it is "suspending", not canceling, FutureGen's funding, some officials question whether FutureGen should receive additional tax dollars. Officials also said the decision to pull FutureGen's funding had nothing to do with CCS or the merits of the project, but rather with the FutureGen Alliance and its apparent inability to secure private investment. Several FutureGen partners withdrew from the project after stimulus funding was announced in 2009. FutureGen is dependent upon federal funding.

The FutureGen Industrial Alliance, Inc. is structured as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization in order to focus on technology advancement rather than profits. Alliance members contributing to the project do not receive any direct financial returns from participation in FutureGen. All revenue from the sale of any marketable byproducts will be returned to the non-profit. This arrangement enables the Alliance members to focus on developing innovative approaches to generating electricity from coal in a cleaner way than ever envisioned. The non-profit structure will enable the Alliance to take more risk in experimenting with advanced technologies than would be the case if traditional measures of financial return were considered. FutureGen Alliance members include: Alpha Natural Resources; Glencore; Joy Global Inc.; Peabody Energy; and Anglo American. (Source: FutureGen Alliance,Various Sources, Washington Times, US DOE, 3 Feb, 2015) Contact: FutureGen Alliance, Kenneth Humphreys, CEO, (202) 280-6019, www.futuregenalliance.org

Tags FutureGen 2.0 news,  FutureGen Alliance news,  CCS news,  Coal news,  Clean Coal news,  


Peabody Energy Comments on FutureGen Funding Suspension (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
Peabody Energy,FutureGen
Date: 2015-02-06
St. Louis-headquartered Peabody Energy has called on the Obama Administration to reverse its decision to suspend development funding for FutureGen 2.0, America's first near-zero emissions coal-fueled power plant project that would capture and store carbon dioxide.

"It makes no sense to pull the plug on $1 billion committed to America's signature near-zero emissions power project at such a critical time for these investments in technology," said Peabody Energy Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Gregory H. Boyce. "The Administration has pledged $1 billion for advanced coal projects in China, and I urge them to support investments in the U.S. We have the knowledge to advance low-carbon technologies to commercial scale and must demonstrate our leadership and our will."

The Administration's decision ironically comes only days after the National Coal Council (NCC) issued its latest study calling on the DOE to accelerate deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology at scale for both energy and industrial applications. Fossil fuels are the backbone of the world's energy supply, providing 87 pct of global energy, and coal leads the way fueling the most electricity. Notably, the NCC conducted the study at the request of the Secretary of Energy and serves as an advisor to the Secretary on matters related to coal.

FutureGen would be the only fully integrated CCS project in the world. There are 22 CCS projects in operation or under construction globally, and the International Energy Agency initially called for at least 100 projects by 2020. The FutureGen concept was initiated as part of the Clinton Administration's Vision 21 program and has enjoyed strong bipartisan Congressional support. Yet as America has contemplated how to develop FutureGen for nearly two decades, others have moved decisively forward.

Norway's Sleipner carbon storage project in the North Sea has been operating since 1996. Canada's Boundary Dam power station began operating last October, capturing carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery. China's GreenGen power plant and carbon research center was brought online in 2012, and ultimately will capture carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery. At full build, GreenGen could become the world's largest near-zero emissions coal plant. Peabody is a founding member of the FutureGen Alliance and the only non-Chinese equity partner in GreenGen.

Peabody Energy is the world's largest private-sector coal company and a global leader in sustainable mining, energy access and clean coal solutions. The company serves metallurgical and thermal coal customers in more than 25 countries on six continents. Peabody was named Energy Company of the Year at the 2014 Platts Global Energy Awards. (Source: Peabody Energy, 4 Feb., 2015) Contact: Peabody Energy, Beth Sutton, (928) 699-8243, www.peabodyenergy.com

Tags Peabody Energy news,  FutureGen news,  Coal news,  Clean Coal news,  


Clean Technology Can Partially Make Up for weak CO2 Pricing (Ind. Report)
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Date: 2015-02-04
Clean technology support can to some extent make up for weak CO2 pricing and hence help keep the two degrees target within reach, a new study shows. Even if the world climate summit in Paris later this year is successful in striking a climate deal, it might not bring about sharp greenhouse-gas cuts in the near-term. However, emission targets could be strengthened by complementary policies, such as support for renewables, a ban on new coal-fired power plants, and an initially modest global minimum price on CO2. If such a policy package -- each component of which has already been enacted in some countries -- were to be put into practice globally now, this could also pave the way for a clean economy with faster long-term CO2 reductions after 2030.

"Economic theory suggests that we'd need a global price on greenhouse-gas emissions to keep warming below the 2 degrees Celsius threshold, and this price would probably have to be more than $30 per ton of CO2, previous studies showed," says Christoph Bertram of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). "This seems rather unrealistic, given the track record of policies so far enacted." This is why the new analysis examines second-best policy mixes. “For the first time, we can show that until 2030 a sub-optimal price for CO2 of only $7 can initiate a necessary transformation of the energy system if at the same time states enact a range of technology polices."

Technology support schemes could take various forms, from feed-in tariffs to quotas for low-emission electricity sources or tax credits, but also direct support for technological innovation, including the demonstration and up-scaling of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies. Regulating the most polluting technologies should complement that. If only renewables are pushed into the market, as currently seen in Germany, the use of natural gas decreases while use of cheap but dirty coal remains unaffected or even expands.

"Successful climate policies not only require reducing emissions in the short term, but also to pave the way for deep de-carbonization in the long term," says project leader Gunnar Luderer of PIK. "To this end, cleverly designed technology policies can bring essential green technologies to the market and avoid further build-up of emissions-intensive infrastructure." As an example, expanding coal-fired electricity production not only increases current emissions, but due to the long life-time of power plants also hampers future emission-reduction potential. A ban on new coal-fired plants without CCS, as currently implemented in the U.S, therefore proves to be a valuable element of a global climate policy mix.

The researchers used a state-of-the art computer model of the global energy economy. "So far, it seems clear that most countries will make heavy use of technology policies in their efforts to limit emissions. It is therefore crucial for them to know how much they could gain by combining these with a predictable CO2 price, even a moderate one," says co-author Ottmar Edenhofer, chief economist of PIK. "Admittedly, a sub-optimal policy mix as studied here leads to inefficiencies, and hence overall higher costs, but it implies lower distributional impacts and institutional requirements compared with the optimal solution of high carbon pricing. Therefore, in such a scenario the barrier to start action is lowered. And if we want to contain the impacts of climate change, it is essential to start comprehensive and meaningful mitigation policies between 2015 and 2020. Otherwise, both risks and costs increase substantially." (Source: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Feb. 2, 2015) Contact: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, www.pik-potsdam.de

Tags CO2 news,  Carbon Price news,  Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research news,  


Bismarck Energy Generation Conference Attendees Consider CO2 Emission Reduction Options (Conf. Report)

Date: 2015-02-04
Attendees at Bismarck State College's 36th annual Energy Generation Conference Jan. 27 -29th in Bismarck, N.D. were given recommendations on possible changes that could be undertaken at their coal-fired power plants, as recommended by the U.S. EPA's Clean Power Plan. Under the proposed plan, North Dakota must cut its CO2 emissions by 11 pct. Which could be accomplished by increasing plant boiler efficiency so that less coal is burned to generate the same amount of electricity. That means going from 1,994 pounds per MWh emitted in 2012 to 1,817 lb/MWh by 2029 and 1,783 lb/MWh by 2030.

The EPA plan also recommends that increasing state coal fleet efficiency by 6 pct will help the state meet its emission goals. The Agency also suggests coal-to-gas conversion, increased renewable energy use, increased energy efficiency and/ or carbon capture utilization and storage technology which is being developed by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) in Grand Forks, could help individual states meet new emissions caps .

The EPA's CO2 emissions rules are slated to be released this summer. States will have as late as 2018 to submit plans for meeting their caps. (Source: Barr Engineering -- Conf. Presaenter , Bismark Tribune, Others, Feb., 2015)

Tags Coal news,  Carbon Emissions news,  


A CCS Future for Europe: Catalysing North Sea Action -- Report Attached (Ind. Report)
Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage
Date: 2015-02-02
Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (SCCS) has published a report entitled A CCS Future for Europe: Catalysing North Sea Action which suggests that North Sea nations have the skills and storage capacity to deliver a carbon capture and storage (CCS) industry.

According to the report, CCS can provide the least cost transition to a low-carbon future and a reliable electric power supply. The report calls for policy support and "wider political ambition" within the EU and outlines a ten-point plan for policy makers. The plan is attached below, along with the report's key findings.

SCCS is the largest carbon capture and storage research group in the UK. SCCS researchers provide connected strength across the full CCS chain. SCCS is able to act as the conduit between academia, industry and government.

The full report A CCS future for Europe: Catalysing North Sea Action is available HERE (Source: Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage , Jan., 2015) Contact: Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage , 011 +44 0 131 650 0227, info@sccs.org.uk, www.sccs.org.uk

Tags CCS news,  Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage news,  


Teesside Collective Promotes New Industrial CCS Vision (Int'l)
CCS,DECC
Date: 2015-01-21
In the UK, the Teesside Collective, a group of energy intensive industrial firms based in the north east of England has released plans to establish Europe's first industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) zone in the region.

The Teesside Collective, which includes BOC, Lotte Chemical UK, steel maker SSI UK and fertilizer manufacturer GrowHow, hopes to use CCS technology to capture emissions, plug them into a shared pipeline network and transport them for permanent storage deep beneath the North Sea. According to the group, CCS in the Teesside region would help local firms deal with escalating carbon permit prices, and put the UK at the forefront of worldwide industrial CCS development.

According to Amec Foster Wheeler -- which has outlined the initial findings of engineering work -- retrofitting carbon capture technology to the four anchor projects' different industrial processes -- steel, ammonia, hydrogen and polyethylene terephthalate production -- is operationally and technically feasible.

The collective has received £1 million from the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) to develop a business case for the proposals that it hopes to present in summer 2015. (Source: DECC, GreenEngineer, 21 Jan., 2015) DECC, www.decc.gov.uk

Tags CCS news,  DECC news,  


Concerted Efforts Needed for Carbon Markets to Succeed (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
Korean Carbon Market
Date: 2015-01-21
"Korea launched its carbon trading market this week, which government officials hope will help the nation meet its international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and foster green industries. As expected, the market got off to a slow start, registering thin trading in terms of the volumes and values of the carbon emission allowances that changed hands. As officials say, it will take some time for the market to take root.

"Korea opened the market under a law it enacted in 2009, which gives businesses carbon emission caps and those that exceed their quotas must buy allowances for more emissions, while those that have surplus amounts can sell their rights. The cap-and-trade system had been delayed for two years in the face of opposition from industries.

"That the government launched the carbon trading market does not mean that industry has fully given in. Arguing that the 16 billion tons allocated to 525 major carbon-emitting firms is not sufficient, some petrochemical and steel-making firms have taken administrative steps to appeal the emissions quota. The industry says the government should have raised the total quota of carbon emission allowances to at least 20 billion tons.

It is true that the allocation of emission caps will incur a considerable burden on the industry -- they will likely see their production costs rise and should brace for additional costs for buying allowances and in worst cases, pay penalties --which would cost three times more than the emission rights.

"In present times we can no longer demand sacrifice of the environment only to save business costs. Moreover, Korea is the world's seventh-largest carbon emitter and we have already made international commitments to aggressively tackle greenhouse gas emissions.

"The government pledged in 2009 to restrict greenhouse gas emissions to 30 percent below business-as-usual levels by 2020. Officials said operation of the carbon trading market will help the country to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80 million tons by 2017. Now both the government and industry need to work together to make sure the nascent market takes firm root. One of the most urgent jobs will be addressing the mismatch between supply and demand, for which the government may have to provide additional carbon credits.

"Authorities will also need to diversify the carbon market -- including trading of derivatives -- and chart a mid- and long-term plan to develop the market as a regional hub of carbon trading. The opening of the carbon trading market is also hoped to encourage the government and businesses to turn to the development of new eco-friendly industries such as renewable energy, energy storage and carbon capture and storage." (Source: Editorial, Korean Herald, Jan. 16, 2015)

Tags Korean Carbon Market news,  Cap-and-Trade news,  Carbon Credits news,  


Sakpower's Boundry Dam CCS Plant Touted as "Project of the Year" (Ind. Report)
SaskPower,Boundary Dam
Date: 2015-01-14
Power Engineering and Renewable Energy World magazines has named Saskpower's $1.4-billion Boundary Dam carbon capture and storage (CCS) project "Project of the Year." The Boundry Dam project is the world's first commercial-scale demonstration of post-combustion CCS technology at a coal-fired generating station. When fully operational the Boundary Dam facility will capture up to one million tpy of CO2 and produce 110 MW of electricity while generating up to 3,200 tpd of CO2 for enhanced oil recovery projects. The CCS plant will also provide CO2 for SaskPower's long-term geological CO2 storage study, Aquistore. (Source: SaskPower, Power Engineering Mag, Others, 13 Jan., 2015) Contact: SaskPower, Mike Monea, Pres., CCS Initiatives, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com

Tags SaskPower news,  Boundary Dam news,  CCS news,  


Linde, BASF Carbon Capture Solvent Pilot Testing Underway (R&D)
Linde, BASF,National Carbon Capture Center
Date: 2015-01-14
Pilot-scale testing of an advanced technology for economically capturing CO2 from flue gas is underway at the National Carbon Capture Center in Alabama. Under a cooperative agreement with the US National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Linde LLC is operating a nominal 1-MWe pilot plant which is expected to capture 30 tpd of CO2.

The 18-month, three-phase test program is intended to validate performance of the Linde-BASF CO2-capture technology on actual coal-derived flue gas. The technology integrates BASF's advanced aqueous amine-based solvent (OASE®blue) and process technology with novel CO2-capture process and engineering innovations that are being developed by Linde. OASE®blue chemically absorbs CO2 from the flue gas at a relatively low temperature in the absorption column. The CO2-rich solvent is then transferred to a stripping column where steam is added to heat the solvent, reversing the chemical reaction and releasing high-purity CO2 for compression and pipeline transport. The CO2-lean solvent is recycled back to the absorption column for additional CO2 capture.

Long-duration testing at optimal operating conditions aims to evaluate steady-state performance with power plant cycling, pilot unit reliability, solvent stability, and the emissions profile. Following successful pilot testing, Linde and BASF will undertake larger-scale testing that will lead to full-scale commercialization in the 2025 timeframe. (Source: BASF, Linde, EIN, Others , Jan, 2015) Contact: BASF, www.basf.com; National Carbon Capture Center, www.nationalcarboncapturecenter.com; Linde Group, Dr. Andreas Opfermann, Head of Clean Energy and Innovation Management, (800) 232-4726 -North Am. Office, www.linde.com; NETL, www.netl.doe.gov

Tags Linde news,  BASF news,  Carbon Capture news,  CO2 news,  National Carbon Capture Center news,  


Algae.Tec Looks to Chinese Market for Expansion (Int'l, Ind. Report)
Algae.Tec
Date: 2015-01-12
According to a report from Proactive Investors, Australia-based renewable fuel and carbon capture technology specialist Algae.Tec is expanding its algae-biodiesel technology into China with the issuance of a $500,000 convertible bond to China Finance Strategies Investment Holdings (CFS), with an additional $5 million in conditional options to follow.

CFS has completed over 250 fundraising and advisory transactions in Greater China Region and has invested in over 20 projects involving around $1.5 billion. Both companies will jointly explore commercial scale opportunities for Algae.Tec's technology in the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau. (Source: AlgaeTec, Others, DF, 12 Jan., 2014) Contact: Algae.Tec, 011 +61 (08) 9380 6790, www.algaetec.com.au

Tags Algae.Tec news,  Biodiesel news,  Carbon news,  


US CCS Project Reaches New Milestone (Ind. Report)
Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships initiative,Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium
Date: 2015-01-09
The US DOE is reporting that its Illinois Basin-Decatur project has captured 1 million tonnes of CO2 and injected it in a deep saline formation. The project forms part of the development phase of the DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships initiative, which is helping develop and deploy CCS nationwide.

As part of the project, CO2 is captured from the Archer Daniels Midland Company ethanol production facility in Decatur, Illinois. The CO2 is compressed then injected approximately 7000 ft below the surface into the Mount Simon Sandstone formation.

Since the start of the investigations in November 2011, the injection test performed better than expected, sustaining pressure increases well below regulatory limits.

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, led by the Illinois State Geological Survey, is evaluating CCS options for the 60,000 square mile Illinois Basin, which underlies most of Illinois, southwestern Indiana, and western Kentucky. (Source: US DOE, worldcement.com, 9 Jan., 2015) Contact: NETL, Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships initiative, http://www.netl.doe.gov/research/coal/carbon-storage/carbon-storage-infrastructure/rcsp; Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, www.sequestration.org

Tags CCS news,  Carbon Capture news,  Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships initiative news,  Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium news,  


US Clean-Energy Trade Mission Bound for China (Ind. Report)

Date: 2014-12-10
In Washington, the US Department of Commerce announced that it will send a cabinet-level energy and trade mission to China next April to drum up clean-energy business. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker and Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz will lead the business development mission that is intended to help US companies launch or increase their business in the world's second-largest economy.

The mission will include up to 25 top US corporate executives looking for opportunities in areas such as green buildings, carbon capture utilization and storage, energy efficiency technologies, clean air and water technologies, waste treatment technologies, smart grid and green transportation. The mission follows a recent US-China breakthrough on carbon emission reductions and climate change.(Source: US Department of Commerce, GeoTV News, 8 Dec., 2014)

Tags Clean Energy news,  


SaskPower's CCS Operation Open in Estevane, Sask. (Ind. Report)
SaskPower,CanSolv,Conovus,Shell Global
Date: 2014-12-05
As we reported on October 6th, the world's first commercial-scale, post-combustion carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility was officially opened after the provincially owned utility, SaskPower, connected one of its 45-year-old Boundary Dam coal-fired power plants in Estevan to a carbon capture system designed by Quebec-based CanSolv.

The CO2 capture system removes and captures approximately 90 pct of the plant's CO2 which is then sequestered in a deep aquifer near the plant. The remaining 10 pct is being used by oil giant Cenovus for enhanced oil recovery operations at its Weyburn oil field operations.

The carbon capture system was developed by Quebec-based CanSolv and was acquired by Shell Global in 2008. Saskpower is now looking to improve the system's efficiency and to cut its capital costs. It also plans to retrofit two other Boundary Dam units with carbon capture systems. (Source: SaskPower, Globe & Mail, Others, 2 Dec., 2014) Contact: SaskPower, Mike Monea, Pres., CCS Initiatives, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com; Shell Cansolv, Philippe Gauthier, Pres., www.cansolv.ca

Tags CanSolv news,  Boundry Dam news,  CCS news,  SaskPower news,  


Cansolv CO2 Capture Testing Underway in Norway (Int'l., Ind. Report)
Shell Oil, Saskpower
Date: 2014-11-28
In the UK, Shell Oil Company reports that testing of its Cansolv CO2 Capture System Technology is underway at the world's largest CCS test center in Mongstad, Norway. Shell hopes to use the Cansolv CO2 Capture System to trap CO2 emissions at a proposed carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility at Scottish & Southern Energy's (SSE's) Peterhead power plant in Scotland.

Peterhead is one of two proposals contending for the UK government's £1bn CCS commercialization competition, alongside the White Rose Project at Drax's power station in Yorkshire. The UK government estimates that CCS could generate £6.5 billion a year for the economy while cutting the cost of meeting the country's mandatory carbon targets by over £32 billion.

The Cansolv CO2 Capture System has been used at the first commercial scale CCS plant, opened by Canada's SaskPower at the Boundary Dam power plant. (Source: Shell Oil Co., Bus. Green, 28 Nov., 2014) Contact: Shell Cansolv, Philippe Gauthier, Pres., www.cansolv.ca; SaskPower, Mike Monea, Pres., CCS Initiatives, Robt. Watson, SakPower CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com

Tags Shell Oil news,  Cansolv news,  CCS.UK CCS news,  SaskPower news,   news,  Carbon Capture & Storage news,  


Giammar Seeking New Solutions for Underground Carbon Storage

Date: 2014-11-28
Dan Giammar, PhD, at Washington University in St. Louis, is going deep into the earth to find a potential solution to store carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants. Giammar, professor in energy, environmental & chemical engineering in the School of Engineering & Applied Science, has been working with the Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization (CCCU) since its inception to find ways to reuse or safely store emissions or waste from coal-fired power plants, including fly ash or carbon dioxide. This ties in well with his research, which focuses on chemical reactions that affect the outcome and transport of heavy metals and radionuclides in natural and engineered water systems. In a new $1.28 million project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Giammar is looking at the potential for fractured basalt, a layer of common mineral-rich rock, to store carbon dioxide emissions. He and a team of researchers will work with finger-sized basalt samples in the lab to see how the rock tolerates the transport of carbon dioxide and the chemical reactions that take place among the rock’s natural minerals and the carbon dioxide. Geologic carbon sequestration, also known as carbon capture and storage, requires deep underground storage that includes porous open space, a permeable material and an impermeable cap so that the CO2 doesn’t leak out. Many current methods of geologic carbon sequestration use sandstone, an abundant porous and permeable material. But CO2 remains as a separate phase of either a gas or supercritical fluid within sandstone, creating the potential for leaks. However, when CO2 is injected into basalt through the rock’s fractures, which are naturally created cracks caused by high pressure or temperatures, it reacts with the calcium, magnesium and iron within the basalt to create carbonate minerals, a solid product without potential to leak. Giammar also has completed three prior research projects in collaboration with the CCCU. One looked at the rates of reactions of CO2, minerals and water. The second was a steppingstone to the current project, looking at the transport and reactions of CO2, minerals and water, but using powder instead of rocks, and the third studied the fate of metals in fly ash from coal combustion. In addition to the research collaborations with colleagues at WUSTL, Giammar has developed an international collaboration with Anurag Mehra, PhD, and graduate students at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay. (Source: Washington University in St. Louis, 25 Nov., 2014)


UNECE Nations Seeking CCS Financial Incentives (Ind. Report)
U.N. Economic Commission for Europe
Date: 2014-11-26
A statement from 56 member countries of the U.N. Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) is calling for fiscal incentives for carbon capture as part of a new global climate change agreement that replaces the Kyoto Protocol. The new agreement is expected to be concluded at a meeting of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris in December 2015.

The UNECE recommendation says that commercial development of carbon capture and storage (CCS) does not have enough political support, and should have at least as much as other low carbon technologies. "A post-Kyoto international agreement should accept a broad array of fiscal instruments to encourage CCS/CCUS (carbon capture utilization and storage), but the selection of instruments should be left to the discretion of national governments," a UNECE statement said. Governments should also work together to cover the high cost of CCS demonstration projects, UNECE said. (Source: UNECE, Mail Online, Reuters, 25 Nov., 2014) Contact: U.N. Economic Commission for Europe, www.unece.org

Tags Kyoto Protocol news,  Carbon Capture news,  Climate Change news,  


CO2 Solutions Unveils Carbon Capture Enzyme (New Prod & Tech)
CO2 Solutions ,North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center
Date: 2014-11-24
QUebec City-based enzyme-enabled carbon capture technology specialist CO2 Solutions Inc. has announced the completion of the internal development of a new high-performance carbonic anhydrase enzyme that it has named "1T1."

In bench testing, 1T1 demonstrated longevity and catalytic performance significantly surpassing that of the best third-party enzymes used by CO2 Solutions to date. As such, 1T1 is expected to be the principal enzyme for the Corporation's carbon capture process going forward. Patent applications have been filed in relation to 1T1 and the use thereof. Relative to its peers, 1T1 has a longer lifespan in the CO2 capture process, and delivers greater stability in meeting the required specifications for CO2 capture efficiency. At the same time, initial manufacturing results suggest that the production cost per unit weight of enzyme protein are likely to be substantially less than that for the third-party enzymes used to date. At the enzyme concentration levels required to deliver optimal carbon capture, CO2 Solutions believes this should lead to significantly lower enzyme-related costs, further reducing operating expenses of the capture process.

The new enzyme will be used in the December tests at the University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC). 1T1 was developed with the financial assistance of the Government of Canada's Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP). (Source: CO2 Solutions Inc., PR, 19 Nov., 2014) Contact: CO2 Solutions, www.co2solutions.com

Tags CO2 Solutions news,  Carbon Dioxide news,  Carbon Capture news,  North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center news,  


Algae Biomass Organization Lauds Carbon Utilization Legislation (Reg &Leg)
Algae Biomass Organization
Date: 2014-11-24
In Washington, the algae industry trade organization Algae Biomass Organization (ABO) applauded Senators Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Brian Schatz (D-HI) for including provisions to encourage carbon utilization technology in the climate change legislation they proposed today. The bill calls for greenhouse gas regulations that would promote CO2 as a feedstock for plastics, biofuels, chemicals and other products.

A number of new technologies are being brought to market that consume CO2 as a feedstock, making this approach a unique opportunity to reduce overall emissions. In contrast to carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), new carbon utilization technologies convert those emissions into valuable products that can have economic and environmental benefits.

Algae technology developers are developing a wide range of platforms to convert concentrated sources of CO2 to renewable fuels and other high-value products. By converting waste gases into products, emitters can comply with EPA regulations and offset their cost or even profit from them.

The ABO has called on the EPA to explicitly recognize that carbon utilization technologies are acceptable methods for states to achieve emissions reductions under the agency's Clean Power Plan. Failing to do so will be a missed opportunity to encourage investments in an approach that could deliver positive environmental results along with economic growth, jobs and improved energy security. (Source: The Algae Biomass Organization, Nov., 2014) Contact: Algae Biomass Organization, (877) 531-5512, www.algaebiomass.org

Tags The Algae Biomass Organization news,  


Canada, UK Ink Joint CCS R&D Deal (Int'l., Ind. Report)
CCS
Date: 2014-11-21
In the UK, ClickGreen is reporting that UK and Canadian Governments have agreed to work together on research and innovation cooperation, knowledge sharing and international engagement on carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. The agreement builds on the work both nations already undertake in increasing the use of low carbon technologies.

The UK has positioned itself as one of the world's frontrunners in this sector and is leading Europe with two commercial scale carbon capture and storage projects in development, Peterhead in Scotland and White Rose in Yorkshire. (Source: UK DECC, ClickGreen, Nov., 2014)

Tags CCS.UK CCS news,  Canada CCS news,  Carbon Capture & Storage news,  


Biologists Refine Climate Change Modeling Tool (Ind. Report)
Indiana University
Date: 2014-11-14
A new climate change modeling tool developed by scientists at Indiana University, Princeton University and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration finds that carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere owing to greater plant growth from rising CO2 levels will be partially offset by changes in the activity of soil microbes that derive their energy from plant root growth.

According to the new work, "The deposition of compounds such as sugars and organic acids from living roots (in the soil) can increase the activity of bacteria and fungi, and it's this increase in activity that accelerates the decomposition of carbon in the soil, leading to higher CO2 emissions. On the other hand, this increased activity can transform carbon compounds into forms more easily locked onto soil particles, allowing them to stay in the soil for longer periods of time."

Global simulations conducted by the team found that microbial responses to enhanced root activity under rising CO2, while depending on plant species, climate and soil mineralogy, led to a loss of global soil carbon stocks that counteracted the additional carbon storage resulting from increased plant growth in many regions of the world. The strongest of these effects were found in temperate North America, Western Europe, Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, while gains in soil carbon capture were greatest in boreal North America, Siberia and tropical South America.

Prior to this new research, computer models used to simulate future climate change generally had not been able to simulate interactions between plant growth and microbial decomposition rates. The new modeling tool -- Carbon, Organisms, Rhizosphere and Protection in the Soil Environment (CORPSE) -- represents a major advance in the ability of scientists to simulate the global carbon cycle.

The model has already been integrated into the next generation of the global land model used for climate simulations by the NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, a major national climate modeling center.

The U.S. Department of Commerce, the USDA SFRI Program, BP and Princeton University funded the project. Global simulations were supported by the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory using the Gaea supercomputer of the National Climate-Computing Research Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.(Source: Indiana Univ., 10 Nov., 2014) Contact: Indiana University, Benjamin N. Sulman , (609) 452-6500, http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/benjamin-n-sulman-home-page, http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov

Tags Climate Change news,  CO2 news,  Soil Carbon news,  


Algae Biomass Organization Expands Carbon Utilization Campaign (Ind. Report)
Algae Biomass Organization
Date: 2014-11-12
In Washington, the Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, has launched unveiled a new website -- www.recyclecarbon.org. The new website is part of the ABO's effort to convince the the EPA recognize Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) technologies as approved emissions reduction strategies under its new power plant regulations. According to the ABO, recognition would encourage the development of innovative technologies that can use greenhouse gases to make valuable products while simultaneously reducing emissions.

The new website will serve as a clearing house for information about CCU, relevent new technologies and other useful information. It will also provide tools for supporters to take action of their own to promote commonsense regulations and markets for carbon dioxide.

Algae technology developers are developing a wide range of platforms to convert concentrated sources of CO2 to renewable fuels, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, feed ingredients and other valuable products. Dozens of other technologies can use catalysts or biological processes to transform CO2 into products and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (Source: ABO, PR, 11 Nov., 2014) Contact: ABO, Matt Carr, Exec. Dir., (877) 531-5512, www.algaebiomass.org; New website, www.recyclecarbon.org

Tags Algae Biomass Organization news,  Algae news,  CO2 news,  Carbon Capture and Utilization news,  


ITRI Touts Taiwan Cement's Carbon Capture Success (Int'l)
Taiwan Cement Corp., Taiwan Industrial Technology Research Institute
Date: 2014-11-10
In Taiwan, the Hsinchu-based Taiwan Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) has recognized Taiwan Cement Corp. for its introduction of a high-efficiency calcium looping technology designed to capture carbon at its plant in Hualien.

The technology can achieve a CO2 capture rate of up to 90 percent. The company is using the captured CO2 to grow algae and generate new income streams. (Source: ITRI, Focus Taiwan, 4 Nov., 2014) Contact: Taiwan Cement Corp., www.taiwancement.com; Taiwan Industrial Technology Research Institute; https://www.itri.org.tw

Tags Carbon Emissions news,  Cement news,  Carbon Capture news,  


Ethanol Producer Close to Reaching Carbon Capture Goal (Ind. Report)
Archer Daniels Midland
Date: 2014-11-07
Following on our Oct. 1 coverage, the US EPA has approved Archer Daniels Midland's (ADM) application for permits that would allow the injection and under ground storage of CO2 from an ADM ethanol plant in Decatur, Illinois. The permit was issued under the Underground Injection Control Program, Class VI, which is expected to facilitate carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) activities. ADM, which has reached the 975,000 metric tonnes point of its plans to capture and store 1.1 million metric tonnes of CO2 beneath the ADM complex in Decatur, plans to begin drilling a second injection well in November, subject to the outcome of an appeal. The project is slated for completion in 2015.

According to ADM's Biofuels Development Director Scott McDonald, carbon storage is part of a portfolio that includes biofuels and renewable energy sources that will offset carbon emissions. (Source: Archer Daniels Midland, herald-review.com, 6 Nov., 2014) Contact: Archer Daniels Midland, Scott McDonald, Bofuels Development Director, Patricia Woertz, CEO, (217) 451-7423,

Tags Carbon Dioxide news,  CO2 news,  Archer Daniels Midland news,  Carbon Capture news,  CCS news,  


New Carbon Capture Technology from ASU (R&D)
Arizona State University
Date: 2014-11-07
In Tempe, scientists at Arizona State University (ASU), lead by Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Chair Prof. Daniel Buttry, are working on an innovative method of carbon capture that will improve the way power plants separate carbon from other emissions in order to contain it, making it more efficient and less expensive to do so.

The ASU devise uses an electrochemical reaction that effectively "pumps" CO2 through a filter at an accelerated rate. This electrochemical reaction makes filtration of CO2 significantly more energy efficient and therefore significantly less expensive for power plants to capture more of it.

According to Buttry, power plants currently only capture as much as they can sell into a limited market which includes enhanced oil recovery and dry cleaning applications. (Source: Arizona State University, State Press, 5 Nov., 2014) Contact: Arizona State University, Prof. Daniel Buttry, (480) 965-2747, dan.buttry@asu.edu, www.asu.edu

Tags Carbon Capture news,  CCS news,  


New Satellite Mapping Tool Measures Salt March Carbon Capture Capabilities (New Prod & Tech)
University of Georgia
Date: 2014-11-07
In Athens, Georgia, Deepak Mishra, associate professor in the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences department of geography at the University of Georgia (UG) has developed instrumentation and technology to use satellites to model carbon capture in salt marsh wetlands. The new tools, which will be tested along the Gulf of Mexico, use NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Earth Observatory satellite to gather data to model the marshes. NASA is supporting the project.

"The idea is to see what kind of carbon loss to the atmosphere is happening by means of satellite-derived proxies as we lose wetlands, not only in terms of area but also productivity. "Right now, monitoring wetlands via satellite is problematic because of the way water and soil moisture interferes with the signal," Mishra said. "It can be difficult to effectively separate the water contribution from the vegetative contribution."

Restoration projects along coastal areas are expensive, and their success is judged primarily by the amount of vegetation gained. This new modeling capability will allow for more complete assessments of the marshes' overall productivity -- carbon capture, light-use efficiency for photosynthesis and biomass production. It also will differentiate which species of marsh grass provides better productivity.

Coastal salt marshes are among the most valuable ecosystems in the world, efficient natural mechanisms for carbon sequestration that produce biomass above and below the ground as they soak up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. And while their gain and loss as protection from storm surge is well documented, their capacity for carbon capture is an unknown. (Source: UGA, PR, 5 Nov., 2014) Contact: University of Georga, Assoc. Prof. Deepak Mishra, (706) 542-8927, dmishra@uga.edu, www.uga.edu

Tags CCS news,  Carbon Capture news,  


Scientists Score Carbon Capture Breakthrough (Ind. Report)
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne,
Date: 2014-10-15
Scientists at the Energy Center at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) have contributed to making carbon capture more practical and less energy intensive by combining a powder-like solid material with a liquid mixture to create a "slurry" that offers the potential for scaling up carbon capture and storage (CCS) solutions.

The most common approach to carbon capture uses liquid amine solutions, which can absorb CO2 from the atmosphere. However, it is very energy consuming to release the CO2 from the liquid as it requires a lot of heat. The solid materials, known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), are made up of metal atoms with nano-size pores that collect CO2. They are very energy efficient but are not very practical because of the nature of the substance.

To overcome this problem, the researchers have created a slurry that consists of a solid part called ZIF-8, which is suspended in a liquid mixture of 2-methylimidazole glycol. Because it combines the low cost and efficiency of nano-porous materials with the ease of a liquid-based separation process, the slurry successfully addresses these two main obstacles to the implementation of carbon capture in the real world.

The breakthrough method was a result of a collaboration between scientists from EPFL, China University of Petroleum, University of California, Berkeley and Beijing University of Chemical Technology and is published in the scientific journal Nature Communications. (Source: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, swissinfo.ch, 13 Oct., 2014) Contact: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, Berend Smit, +41 21 693 11 11, www.epfl.ch/index.en.html

Tags CCS news,  


SaskPower's Boundry Dam CCS Project Opened (Ind. Report)
SaskPower,Boundary Dam
Date: 2014-10-06
In Estevan, Saskatchewan, the world's first commercial-scale, post-combustion carbon capture and storage (CCS) project at SaskPower's coal-fired Boundary Dam generating station has been officially opened.

The $1.4 billion CCS project was originally budgeted to cost $1.24 billion but unexpected costs bumped up the total by $115 million to $1.36 billion. The Canadian federal government kicked-in $240 million of the total cost which, when the dust settles, could come in at as much as $200 million more.

The Boundary Dam carbon capture unit uses amine solvents to separate the CO2 and sulphur dioxide from the flue gas. Calgary-based oil and gas company Cenovus is purchasing as much as 3,000 tpd of the captured CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) applications. The unsold CO2 will be sequestered deep underground at the nearby Aquistore project. (Source; SaskPower, Leader Post, Various Others, 3 Oct., 2014) Contact: SaskPower, Mike Monea, Pres., CCS Initiatives, Robt. Watson, SakPower CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com

Tags Boundary Dam news,  CCS news,  SaskPower news,  


Notable Quotes
EPA,Algae Biomass Organization
Date: 2014-10-03
"The EPA should encourage states to meet CO2 reduction goals by allowing the recycling of CO2 via carbon capture & utilization (CCU) technology. This common sense approach reduces overall emissions, creates a revenue stream for utilities that offsets the cost of compliance, keeps rates low for taxpayers and stimulates economic development and job creation across the country.

"Technologies are now available to utilize CO2 captured from power plants and fed directly to organisms like bacteria and algae, which can be converted into valuable products, such as (bio)fuels and chemicals, animal feed and human nutrition. The Clean Power Plan should recognize CCU as a viable pathway for compliance with new rules." -- Algae Biomass Organization Contact: Algae Biomass Organization, Matt Carr, Executive Director, www.algaebiomass.org

Tags Algae news,  Biofuel news,  Algae Biomass Organization news,  


MasseReaction Touts ViPAR™ Technology (New Prod & Tech)
MasseReaction Inc.
Date: 2014-10-01
Palm City, Florida-based MasseReaction Inc. is touting its world patented ViPAR™ (vertically integrated photo array reactor) technology as the first industrial scale algae carbon capture technology that is sustainable on both environmental and financial levels.

A 50-acre ViPAR™ farm installed at an average sized electric power plant will capture over 3.2 million tpy of CO2; virtually all of the power plant emissions. The CO2, a key ingredient for photosynthesis, is provided to the algae. Energy is multiplied as the algae capture photons and synthesize them with the CO2 into stored oil and sugar. Energy is augmented by over 35 percent, according to the company.

The ViPAR™ algae are processed into 600 million gallons of Drop-In Renewable Diesel, Jet, and Ethanol fuels. Fuel sales provide the financial sustainability with a 45 percent return on investment, according to the company's release.

Environmental sustainability comes from the ViPAR™ algal photobioreactor system's micro sized footprint, as an open pond system would require over 210 square miles for the same amount of carbon capture, and by the 90 percent + elimination of coal and gas fired electric power plant emissions. (Source: MasseReaction Inc., 28 Sept., 2014) Contact: MasseReaction Inc., Arthur Masse, CEO, (772) 240-8745, art@massereaction.com, www.massereaction.com

Tags Carbon Capture news,  Algae news,  Algae Biofuel news,  


EPA OKs Archer Daniels Midland's CCS Plans (Reg & Leg)
ADM, US EPA
Date: 2014-10-01
The US EPA has approved Archer Daniels Midland's application for permits that would allow the injection and under ground storage of CO2 from an ethanol plant. The permit was issued under the Underground Injection Control Program Class VI. The program is expected to facilitate carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) activities.

ADM, which plans to capture 1.1 million tpy of carbon dioxide, is permitted begin drilling the injection well in November. (Source: ADM, US EPA, Biofuels Int'l., Others 30 Sept., 2014) Contact: Archer Daniels Midland, Patricia Woertz, CEO, (217) 451-7423, www.adm.com

Tags Archer Daniels Midland news,  Ethanol news,  Carbon Storage news,  


Consortium Investigating Nova Scotian CCS Viability (Ind. Report)
Carbon Capture and Storage Research Consortium of Nova Scotia
Date: 2014-09-15
In Atlantic Canada, the Carbon Capture and Storage Research Consortium of Nova Scotia is currently collecting evidence and public input that will be used to determine if carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is a viable option for lowering carbon dioxide emissions in Nova Scotia.

The Consortium has proposed drilling of a single, 1,700 meter-deep bore-hole to obtain core samples that it hopes will be useful in evaluating the suitability of the city of Sydney-area's sub-basin as a location to store locally generated industrial carbon dioxide.

The Consortium, which was established in 2009 by the Province of Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Power Corp. and Dalhousie University, is working its way through the regulatory process that will allow it to drill and analyze a core rock sample for potential carbon dioxide storage. Companies proposing CCS activity in the province will now need an approval from the Environment Department before work can begin. (Source: Carbon Capture and Storage Research Consortium of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Post, 14 Sept., 2014) (Contact: Carbon Capture and Storage Research Consortium of Nova Scotia, Carl Poirier, CEO, (902) 492-3312, cpoirier@ccnovascotia.ca, ahttp://www.ccsnovascotia.ca .

Tags CCS news,  Carbon Emissions news,  Carbon Dioxide news,  


CO2CRC Continues Australian CCS R&D (Int'l., Ind. Report, R&D)
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies
Date: 2014-09-15
In the Land Down Under, the Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC) reports that, with the support of $5 million in grant funding, it will continue its carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) R&D activity at the Oatway Project at Nirranda, about 40 kilometres from Warrnambool.

Over the past decade, the Otway Project has injected and safely stored more than 60,000 tonnes of CO2 in a depleted gas reservoir deep underground at Nirranda. The ongoing research program aims to improve the reliability, safety and drive down the cost of CCS.

CO2CRC participants include Australian and international industry, universities, research bodies, as well as state, federal and international government agencies. (Source: CO2CRC, Sept., 2014) Contact: CO2CRC, +61 2 6120 1600, http://www.co2crc.com.au CO2CRC

Tags CCS news,  CO2CRC news,  


FutureGen Finally Gets the EPA's Final OK (Ind. Report)
FutureGen 2.0
Date: 2014-09-08
FutureGen, the on-again, off-again decade-old near-zero emissions coal plant in Illinois focused on carbon capture has been awarded the first-ever Class VI underground injection permits for carbon dioxide from the EPA. In August 2010, U.S. EPA awarded $1 billion in Recovery Act funding to the FutureGen Alliance, Ameren Energy Resources, Backock & Wilcox and Air Liquide Process and Construction Inc. to build FutureGen 2.0 -- a clean coal repowering program and carbon dioxide (CO2) storage network.

The project partners will repower Ameren's 200 MW Unit 4 in Meredosia, Illinois with advanced oxy-combustion technology to capture approximately 1.3 million tpy of CO2 -- more than 90 percent of the plant's carbon emissions. Other emissions will be reduced to near-zero levels.

Oxy-combustion burns coal with a mixture of oxygen and CO2 instead of air to produce a concentrated CO2 stream for safe, permanent storage. In addition, oxy-combustion technology creates a near-zero emissions plant by eliminating almost all of the mercury, SOx, NOx and particulate pollutants from plant emissions.

With the EPA's approval in hand, FutureGen is set begin drilling four 4,000 foot deep wells next month in preparation for injecting liquefied carbon dioxide. According to the EPA, FutureGen 2.0 plans to capture and inject 1.1 million metric tons of CO2 every year for 20 years. The carbon capture project will have the effect of removing the carbon emission equivalent of 232,000 automobiles. (Source: FutureGen Alliance, Wyoming Business Report, 4 Sept., 2014) Contact: FutureGen, Kenneth Humphreys, CEO, (202) 280-6019, www.futuregenalliance.org

Tags FutureGen 2.0 news,  CCS news,  Carbon Sequestration news,  Carbon Storage news,  


NRG Energy Retrofitting Texas Power Plant to Corral CO2 Emissions (Ind. Report)
NRG Energy
Date: 2014-09-05
Further to our July 18th coverage, Princeton, New Jersey-based NRG Energy reports that its Petra Nova project, the retrofitting of one unit of its coal-fired WA Parish, Texas power plant to capture its carbon emissions is underway. The $1 billion Petra Nova project, a JV with JX Nippon, will eventually trap 1.6 million tons of carbon annually and pipe it to a Texas oil field where it will be used for enhanced oil production . Upon completion in 2016, Petra Nova will be the largest project of its kind in the world.

The Petra Nova project previously received $167 million in grant funding from the U.S. Department of Energy as part of a clean coal initiative. The money was instrumental in getting the Petra Nova project off the ground, according to NRG.

Details of the Petra Nova Project are available HERE. (Source: NRG, 04 Sept., 2014) Contact: NRG Energy, David Crane, CEO, (609) 524-4500 - NJ, (713) 537-3000 - Houston, www.nrg.com

Tags NRG Energy news,  Carbon Capture news,  Enhanced Oil Production news,  


SD Utilities Vying to Host Wyoming Carbon Capture Test Center (Ind. Report)
Black Hills Power,Basin Electric Power Cooperative
Date: 2014-09-03
Following on our July 16th coverage, Rapid City, South Dakota-based Black Hills Power and Bismarck, North Dakota-based Basin Electric Power Cooperative are submitting operating and other pertinent site information on their coal-fired power plants to state regulatory officials in the hope of being chosen to host a carbon dioxide capture test center.

Black Hills has offered its WyGen Unit 2 as a potential site. Basin has offered its Dry Fork station. Both are outside Gillette, Wyoming. The utilities have set a September date for turning in site-specific information on their power plants, which will help state officials determine where the test center should be located.

The proposed test center would build a test wing adjacent to an existing power plant, allowing researchers to explore potential strategies for limiting carbon emissions.

The state plans to raise $5 million in private or federal funds to help pay for the construction of the site. The money was a condition of the Legislature's $15 million appropriation. Colorado electricity wholesaler Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association is offering a $10 million prize to a team that develops a carbon-curbing solution. (Source: Black Hills Power, Others, Casper Star Tribune, Sept. 1, 2014) Contact: Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Ron Harper, CEO, (701) 223-0441, www.basinelectric.com; Black Hills Corp., Richard W. Kinzley, VP Strategic Planning and Development, (605) 721-2360, rich.kinzley@blackhillscorp.com, www.blackhillscorp.com

Tags Black Hills Power news,  Carbon Capture news,  CCS news,  Basin Electric Power Cooperative news,  


Alberta Oil-Sands' CCS Project Nearing Completion (Ind. Report)
Shell Canada
Date: 2014-08-29
Shell Canada reports that it has fitted the final module at the first carbon capture and storage (CCS) project in Alberta's oil sands and anticipate a 2015 start-up sate. The Quest CCS project, now 70 percent complete, is being built with funding from the Alberta and Canadian federal government to help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the oil sands.

Quest will capture 35 percent -- more than 1 million tpy -- of direct CO2 emissions from Shell's Scotford upgrader north of Edmonton and sequester it 2 km under ground. Shell has not given a cost estimate for Quest but in 2009 the government provided an estimate of $1.35 billion and the project . (Source: Shell Canada, Reuters, Others, 27 Aug., 2014) Contact: Shell Canada , Lorraine Mitchelmore, Pres., (403) 691-3111, www.shell.ca

Tags Shell Canada news,  CCS news,  Alberta Oil Sand news,  Tar Sands news,  Carbon Emissions news,  

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