Researchers at Princeton University are already studying ways to cut down on carbon dioxide emissions and have conducted experiments simulating what could happen if the atmosphere continues absorbing billions of tons of carbon. The funding will allow Princeton to contimue in its role of helping to seduce the amount of CO2 that is released into the atmosphere.
(Source: Princeton University, NJ.com, 7 August, 2014)
Contact: Princeton University, www.princeton.edu
Tags CCS news, Carbon Capture news,
The Building Energy Efficiency R&D Hub initiative will be implemented and managed by the Singapore Building and Construction Authority, while the Green Data Center Research Hub Programme will be managed by the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA). The projects are part of five national energy technology road maps that include solar panel research, carbon capture and storage or utilization, green data centers, building and industry energy efficiency.
The green data center road map will outline ways in which the research community and data center industry can assess technology options to achieve sustainability objectives.
(Source: UNEP, Others, 31 July, 2014)
Tags Data Center news, Green Buildings news, Energy Efficiency news,
Carbon capture technology is widely seen as necessary to the continued use of coal for power generation, especially in times of toughening environmental regulations.
The facility is slated for completion later this year. Testing is expected to be concluded in 2016. (Source: The State Journal, 22 July, 2014)
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Carbon Capture news, CCS news, Carbon Dioxide news,
The Petra Nova Project, using a process previously deployed in a DOE-sponsored 3-year pilot-scale test in Alabama, expects to cut the power plant's GHG emissions and capture approximately 1.4 million mtpy of CO2 from an existing coal-fired power plant in Texas. The captured CO2 will be used for enhanced oil recovery activities while being safely stored underground in the process.
Originally conceived as a 60 MW capture project for which they received $167 million from the US DOE, the project sponsors expanded the design to capture emissions from 240 MW of generation, thus quadrupling the size of the project without additional federal funding.
The DDPP, a collaborative initiative of the UN's Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI), aims to show how individual countries can transition to a low-carbon economy and how the world can meet the internationally agreed target of limiting the increase in global mean surface temperature to 2 degree C.
The report calls for a significant transformation of energy systems, also referred to as "deep decarbonisation", the ultimate goal of which would be the phasing out of fossil fuel combustion with uncontrolled CO2 emissions.
Access the Pathways to Deep Decarbonization -- Intrim 2014 Report HERE. (Source: Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Bellona Europa, 14 July, 2014) Contact: Sustainable Development Solutions Network, http://unsdsn.org
Tags CCS news, Carbon Capture news, Carbon Emissions news, Climate Change news,
As announced on June 14, 2014, the companies signed a collaboration agreement to demonstrate a combination of their two proprietary technologies at pilot scale for the capture of CO2 from industrial effluent gases. Initial testing has demonstrated the compatibility and synergy resulting from the use of CO2 Solutions' enzyme-based technology with Neumann's NeuStream® compact and highly efficient absorber and stripper systems.
In more recent tests, the enzyme-based solvent operating in the NeuStream® system achieved CO2 capture efficiency comparable to some of the better amines. This kinetic performance when combined with the energy-efficient properties of the enzyme-based process, is expected to deliver substantially lower operating costs relative to the best amine-based CO2 capture systems. The enzyme-based solvent is also more environmentally sustainable compared to conventional amines by eliminating carcinogenic aerosols and other amine related pollutants. Additionally, through significantly reduced equipment sizing, the NeuStream® system provides low capital costs and a much smaller system footprint.
Because of these excellent results, the two companies plan to accelerate preparations for the previously announced operation of a pilot facility in Colorado Springs to capture approximately 10 tonnes of CO2 per day. The pilot, originally expected to take place in April 2015 has been advanced to October 2014. (Source: CO2 Solutions, PR, 14 July, 2014)
Contact: CO2 Solutions, Evan Price, President & CEO , www.co2solutions.com; Neumann Systems Group, Dave Neumann, Pres. & CEO, www.neumannsystemsgroup.com
Tags Carbon Capture news, CO2 Solutions news, Neumann Systems Group news,
China has consistently insisted that as a just developing country it should be given leeway on its emissions caps. The U.S. however has maintained that regardless of its developing status, China should be held accountable for its emissions given that it has sometimes surpassed the U.S. as the world's heaviest carbon dioxide emitter by virtue of its extensive burning of coal, oil and gas. The U.S. and China likewise agreed to conduct a study on the use of gas in industrial boilers.
The deals are part of efforts between the two countries ahead of the UN climate change talks in Paris in 2015.
(Source: Various Sources, International Business Times, 10 July, 2014)
Tags Climate Change news,
The White Rose project is a joint venture between Drax, Alstom and BOC and is the first large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project in the EU.
White Rose applied for funding from the European NER300 programme a year ago.
The award to White Rose is one of 19 to projects across the EU designed to encourage private investment in green energy programmes. (Source: DRAX, NER300, Guardian, 9 July, 2014) Contact: Drax, Dorothy Thompson, CEO, +44 (0)1757 618381, www.draxpower.com; NER300, www.ner300.com
Tags DRAX news, Carbon Capture news, CCS news, NER300 news,
The technology captures more than 90 percent of the CO2 from the product stream of two commercial-scale steam methane reformers that would otherwise be emitted into the atmosphere. In addition to the secure storage, carbon captured from the project will be used for enhanced oil recovery operations at existing nearby oil fields.
In total, DOE projects have captured and securely stored nearly 7.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide to date. In just the last year since the release of the Climate Action Plan, these department-supported projects have stored approximately 2.8 metric tons, the DOE says. (Source: DOE, Env. Leader, 8 July, 2014) Contact: Air Products and Chemical, (610) 481-4911, www.airproducts.com
Tags Carbon Capture news, CCS news, Air Products and Chemical news,
The funding will be used to demonstrate technologies that will subsequently help to scale-up production from renewable energy sources across the EU as well as those that can remove and store carbon emissions.
The projects awarded co-financing today cover a range of technologies including bioenergy, concentrated solar power (CSP), geothermal power, photovoltaics, wind power, ocean energy, smart grids and, for the first time, carbon capture and storage (CCS).
The 19 projects will be hosted in 12 EU Member States: Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. (Source: EC, Various Sources, ClickGreen, 8 July, 2014) European Commission, ec.europa.eu;
NER 300, www.ner300.com
Tags European Commission news, NER 300 news, EU ETS news, CCS news,
The carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) market is estimated from the demand side. The report estimates the global CCS market in terms of billions of dollars in value. The drivers, restraints, and opportunities of the CCS market are also discussed in the report. The report also tracks the recent strategic activities of market players such as new product launches, expansions, agreements, and mergers & acquisitions. According to the report, Europe is the fastest-growing CCS market although the Americas dominated the CCS market in 2012.
The report identifies 10 key players in the CCS market, and provides more than 70 market tables, categorized into geographic regions, technology, and industry.
Seven projects worth £1.1 million will focus on carbon capture, including research into novel materials and processing routes to separate emissions. A further £1 million will be invested in five projects investigating other related issues including the performance of flow meters for measuring piped gas and methods for sheltering from an escape of CO2. Two other projects looking into carbon storage have been awarded just under £400,000. The funds are in addition to £2 million from a range of industrial partners in the UK and overseas.
The funding is part of wider government plans to commercialize CCS technology which it says is the only way that the country can significantly cut CO2 emissions and keep fossil fuels in the UK's energy mix. (Source: Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, TCE Today, 24 June, 2014) Contact: Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, +44 (0) 131 650 8564, https://ukccsrc.ac.uk
Tags CCS news, Carbon Emissions news, DECC news,
The pilot combines COs Solutions' enzyme-based technology with NSG's high mass transfer gas-liquid contactor technology, known as NeuStream®. NSG's technology has a smaller footprint than current technologies, with development to date demonstrating the potential to reduce CO2 capture equipment capital costs by up to 50 percent. The 1-month pilot demonstration will capture approximately 10 tpd of CO2, beginning in April 2015 at NSG's Colorado Springs facility.
The US DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory is supporting the projects with $1.4 million of NSG matching funding. CO2 Solutions will contribute an additional $450,000 for equipment modifications, operations changes and testing for the optimized use of the Corporation's enzyme-based solvent technology with NeuStream®.
(Source: CO2 Solutions Inc., 17 June, 2014) Contact: CO2 Solutions, Evan Price, Pres. & CEO, Thom Skinner, Inv. Relations, (418) 842-3456X223, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.co2solutions.com; Neumann Systems Group, Inc., (719) 593-7848, email@example.com, www.neumannsystemsgroup.com
Tags CO2 Solutions news, Carbon Dioxide news, Carbon Capture news,
The two countries are also planning discussions on projects to test fuel cell vehicles in the U.S., set up a test bed for smart grid systems, and investigate
the development of gas hydrates, shale gas and carbon capture. (Source: Korean Ministry of Trade, Energy and Industry, Yonhap News, 9 June, 2014)
Tags Energy Storage news, Compressed Air Energy Storage news,
According to SCCS Director Professor Stuart Haszeldine, the "Obama administration believes the technology needed to abate these emissions (CCS) is ready to build and operate. This is in sharp contrast to the UK Government, which is playing a 'stop-start' game with its CCS Commercialization Programme and is yet to make any final investment decision on whether to back two full-chain CCS demonstration projects."
Contrary to criticisms that the new US rules will cause power plants to close and electricity prices to rise, the UK Government's Select Committee on CCS, in a report published last month, said that developing CCS technology would reduce wholesale electricity costs in 2030 by 20 percent. The Energy Technologies Institute has said CCS will halve the economy-wide cost of delivering low-carbon power by 2050. (Source: SCCS, GasWorld, 3 June, 2014) Contact: SCCS, +44 (0) 131 650 0270, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.sccs.org.uk
Tags Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage news, CCS news, Carbon Emissions news,
The saying "if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail" is an appropriate metaphor for the approach to CO2 emissions reductions recently. The "nail" of CO2 emissions, it is believed, can only be addressed by the "hammer" of regulations to bury, sequester or otherwise get rid of the waste.
A new crop of algae technologies can flip this approach on its head by converting CO2 into valuable commodities for trillion dollar industries, thus turning a problem -- the high cost of compliance -- into an opportunity -- an ongoing revenue stream.
Algae digest CO2 as they grow, returning clean oxygen to the environment while they produce oils and proteins. These oils and proteins can be used in the production of transportation fuels, animal feed, chemicals and food products. The more CO2 algae can consume, the faster they grow. As such, the US algae industry has a vested interest in obtaining as much CO2 as possible. By co-locating algae production facilities at coal or gas fired power plants and onsite at other industrial emitters, they can become customers for waste CO2. One such demonstration facility, using CO2 from a coal fired power plant, has already been built in Kentucky. Another in Iowa is using the CO2 produced from ethanol production to create proteins for animal feed. This process is known as Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU).
By monetizing waste CO2 emissions, energy companies can, at minimum, offset the cost of compliance with regulations and thus avoid ratepayer impact. Depending on the size of the power plant, some could create an annual revenue stream that returns a profit. In either case, the CO2 will be producing commodities that create jobs at the plant and downstream, helping to create economic development in their communities and elsewhere.
The EPA stopped short of considering CCU as an approved strategy in its new rules for Existing Sources, so we will continue our efforts with EPA to try to get CCU qualified as an approved mitigation strategy. Including utilization in this proposed rule will ensure that the new regulations accelerate the adoption of CCU technologies, like algae. Furthermore, we look forward to being a resource for EGU's to help them comply with the proposed rule.
Beneficial utilization of CO2 is the only option to turn the market forces and economics of waste CO2 into a ROI-driven, growth industry that will turn a huge problem into an economic opportunity. In doing so, we can achieve a rare trifecta -- the reduction of emissions, the creation of jobs and economic development across the country, and a contribution to our food and energy security. (Source: ABO, PR, 2 June, 2014) Contact: ABO, www.algaebiomass.org
Tags Algae news, Biofuels news, Algae Biomass Organization news,
"If you don't have a price signal of some sort on carbon, how do you ever justify carbon capture and storage? If you've got a signal out there and it's worth some dollars, it's easier to get people to support projects that do that." -- Eric Newell, Contact: Climate Change and Emissions Management Corp., Eric Newell, (780) 417-1920, email@example.com,
www.ccemc.ca Note: CCEMC manages and invests money collected from Alberta companies that exceed their carbon allotment.
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Climate Change and Emissions Management Corp. news,
The proposal, which will limit the CO2 emissions of new power plants and require the use of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology for new coal-fired plants, "could have a direct impact on the affordability and reliability of electricity supply to major industrial consumers, like the steel industry," said Thomas J. Gibson, President and CEO of AISI. "This EPA proposal is both economically infeasible and sets a bad precedent for future regulations of direct GHG emissions in other sectors of the economy," Gibson continued. "As large industrial customers we rely on a cost-effective and dependable electricity to keep our mills up and running. This proposed regulation may put the U.S. steel industry and other energy-intensive, trade-exposed industries at a great disadvantage against our foreign competitors like China, where energy costs are often subsidized."
The coalition urged the EPA to withdraw the proposed regulation and engage with stakeholders to set achievable and realistic standards when limiting GHG emissions from new power plants. (Source: AISA, 12 May, 2014) Contact: AISI,
Lisa Harrison, (202) 452-7115, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.steel.org
Tags GHGs news, Greenhouse Gas Emissions news,
The University of Calgary Containment and Monitoring Institute (CaMI) at the University of Calgary , along with the Province of Alberta and the federal government have joined forces in the study. The CaMI was established in November, 2013.
The joint effort includes a field research station southwest of Brooks where carbon dioxide will be sequestered and monitored to verify storage security.
The study will use new technologies to monitor the area for everything from disturbances to new vegetation.
The monitors will be satellite connected and accessible on the Internet. (Source: Brooks Bulletin, University of Calgary,Newell County, 12 May, 2014) Contact: University of Alberta Containment and Monitoring Institute, Don Lawton, Dir., http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/don-lawton/29/299/859, (430) 220-5110, www.ucalgary.ca
Tags CCS news,
Although initiated to meet stringent Canadian coal-fired power plant emissions restrictions coming in 2015, SaskPower now sees itself as a leader in the power industry and hopes the project will capture world attention as well as carbon dioxide.
Effective July 2015, the Canadian government is requiring that coal-burning units more than 50 years old either shut down or reduce carbon dioxide emissions to less than 420 tons per gigawatt hour. SaskPower has decommissioned Units 1 and 2, both of which were more than 50 years old, at its Boundary Dam station. Boundary Dam Units 4 and 5 will hit the 50-year mark in 2020.
The Boundary Dam project received a $240 million federal grant, which helped pay for the design and modeling that went into developing the technology. SaskPower wants to create three to four models from its technology that can reduce carbon dioxide by 50 percent or better and then market those models to companies based on their desired carbon reduction efforts.
SaskPower also is constructing a carbon capture test facility at its Shand Power Plant near Estevan. Developed in collaboration with Hitachi, Ltd., the facility will give technology developers an opportunity to test new systems for controlling carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants. Completion of the facility is expected by early 2015. (Source: SaskPower, Minot Daily News, 11 May, 2014) Contact: SaskPower, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com
Tags SaskPower news, CCS news, Bounadry Dam news,
According to Rockefeller's office, growth of the CO2 EOR industry depends upon capturing substantially more CO2 from man-made sources. Authorized to only provide tax credits for 75 million tons of CO2, the existing 45Q program is insufficient to take advantage of CO2-EOR's potential. Already, tax credits have been claimed for 21 million tons, and the remaining pool of tax credits likely will be exhausted in the next several years.
Rockefeller's bill would establish periodic reviews of the CO2 sequestration credit under Section 45Q of the federal tax code and provide the US Treasury Secretary authority to ensure that new tax credits would be revenue positive to the federal government over time when taking into account the revenue produced from increased oil recovery resulting from the credit compared with tax revenue lost from credits being claimed.
Increasing the supply of CO2 captured from man-made sources has the potential to increase American oil production by tens of billions of barrels, while safely storing billions of tons of CO2 underground, according to the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).
Rockefeller introduced his Expanding Carbon Capture through Enhanced Oil Recovery Act alongside another bill, the Carbon Capture and Sequestration Deployment Act, which would authorize $1 billion over 15 years for a cooperative industry-government R&D program in the US DOE's Fossil Energy Office. It would also allow projects to apply for a guaranteed allocation of credits for future use, and authorize $20 billion in loan guarantees to be used for the construction of new commercial-scale electric generation units or industrial facilities utilizing CCS technology; the retrofit of existing commercial-scale electric generation units or industrial facilities utilizing CCS technology; and the construction of CO2 transmission pipelines.
The National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative, a coalition organized by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change), and the Great Plains Institute, said the tax credit program in Rockefeller's CO2-EOR bill would pay for itself within 10 years through the federal revenue generated from new domestic oil production.
(Source: US Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV (D-W.Va.), OGJ, 5 May, 2014) Contact: US Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV (D-W.Va.), www.rockefeller.senate.gov
Tags CCS news, CO2 news, enhanced oil recovery news,
The filing said that the coal industry supports more than 100,000 jobs directly, over 2.1 million jobs in related industries and contributes nearly $250 billion to the U.S. economy.
The Alliance noted that coal is the leading source of domestic electricity generation nationally and in Pennsylvania, where it accounts for roughly 40 percent of Pennsylvania's annual electricity output. This reliance on coal as an energy source provides residents with access to affordable and reliable electricity.
The Alliance pointed out that the EPA's proposed regulations are unachievable with current technology. The standards would require coal-fired power plants to adopt carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology, the effectiveness of which has not yet been substantially proven. Consequently, the proposed standards do not comply with statutory requirements. Additionally, CCS technology is much more costly than the technology presently in use, and it would increase wholesale electricity prices by 70 to 80 percent, according to a DOE deputy assistant secretary.
This technology introduces several significant environmental and liability risks that outweigh the benefits of reduced carbon emissions that could be achievable with CCS, the Alliance said, adding that the proposed standards exceed the EPA's authority under Section 111 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). "The EPA's standards require power plants to operate at emission levels that are just not attainable with the technology that is available to us," said Alliance CEO John Pippy. "They would force the nation to essentially abandon its most reliable and affordable energy source. As a result, this policy will harm the economy by eliminating family-sustaining jobs and causing electricity prices to increase substantially."
The Alliance strongly urged the EPA to consider the negative effects of its proposed regulations. Instead, the Alliance suggests that the EPA should work with energy stakeholders to develop achievable standards that will benefit the environment without harming the economy. (Source: Pennsylvania Coal Alliance, 5 May, 2014) Contact: Pennsylvania Coal Alliance, www.pacoalalliance.com
Tags Coal.Pennsylvania Coal Alliance news, CCS news,
The DICE technology injects a water-based coal slurry directly into large adapted diesel engines for electricity generation. It is hoped that the engines will reduce carbon emissions by 50 percent. The commercial viability of brown coal has been generally met with widespread skepticism.
The new CSIRO research project will help to determine if DICE technology can deliver Australia's lowest cost, low emissions power generation from brown coal as an option for replacing existing brown coal power plants.
BCIA's latest competitive funding round included a further $1.45 million for four other R&D programs, including $850,000 for two Monash University projects; an alternative carbon capture technology known as chemical looping, and an oxy-fuel combustion technology which purifies CO2 emissions for easier CCS. (Source: BCIA, CSIRO, Latrobe Valley Express, April 28, 2014) Contact: BCIA , Dr Phil Gurney , Exec. Dir., ; CSIRO, +61 3 9545 2176, email@example.com, www.csiro.au
Tags Australia news, Brown Coal news, Coal news, CO2 Emissions news,
In particular World Coal calls on Governments to set an ambitious pathway, before COP20, to move the global average efficiency of coal-fired power generation plants to current state of the art levels and to support R&D efforts to further improve the efficiency of coal combustion technologies.
World Coal also calls on development Banks to support developing countries in accessing clean coal technologies, including high-efficiency low-emissions coal combustion technologies.
The World Coal Association is a global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the fundamental role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. Membership is open to companies and not-for-profit organisations with a stake in the future of coal from anywhere in the world, with member companies represented at Chief Executive or Chairman level.
Access full document HERE. (Source: World Coal Association) Contact: World Coal Association, +44 (0) 20 7851 0052, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.worldcoal.org
Tags Coal news, Clean Coal news, Climate Change news,
This announcement is seen as a win for the UK since in 2012, the European Union was unable to find a single project to fund when it asked governments to submit written proposals on CCS. The EU's request was intended to encourage development of CCS technology. And, since the UK's White Rose project was the only eligible submission, it is expected that the €300 million grant will be forthcoming in June.
The White Rose CCS project will involve the construction of a new, coal-powered plant next to the existing DRAX facility near Selby, in Yorkshire. Drax is in the process of converting from coal to biomass, and by 2016 is expecting to generate half its power from wood pellets.
In 2013, the UK government selected White Rose and another facility at Peterhead in Scotland as the preferred options to receive £100 million in development funding.
(Source: EU, BBC, April 17, 2014)
Tags CCS news, UK CCS news, DRAX news,
The EIB raised the sum through sales of emission allowances for the European Commission's NER 300 technology programme. NER300 is a financing instrument managed jointly by the European Commission, European Investment Bank and Member States, so-called because Article 10(a) 8 of the revised Emissions Trading Directive 2009/29/EC contains the provision to set aside 300 million allowances in the New Entrants' Reserve of the European Emissions Trading Scheme for subsidizing installations of innovative renewable energy technology and carbon capture and storage (CCS). The second-tranche sale builds on the €1.5 billion pulled in in 2011-12, during the first offering, of which €1.2 billion has already been awarded to 23 projects.
(Source: EIB, May, 2014) Contact: European Investment Bank, www.eib.org;
Tags Carbon Capture news, CCS news, European Investment Bank news, NER300 news,
Under the terms of the Agreement, CO2 Solutions will install and operate a pilot unit capturing approximately 15 tpd of CO2 at Husky Energy's Pikes Peak South, Saskatchewan heavy oil site on a once-through steam generator. Operation of the pilot unit is expected to commence in early 2015 with completion of testing expected in Q3 of 2015. The agreement allows Husky to consider the use of CO2 Solutions' technology for commercial carbon capture projects.
The project will be funded in part by the Government of Canada's ecoENERGY Innovation Initiative (ecoEII) program, as previously announced on January 24, 2013.
The pilot test is expected to confirm the positive techno-economics of CO2 Solutions' carbon capture process and will provide an operational basis to compare the process against other new and conventional technologies in terms of performance and cost. A successful project will pave the way for the CO2 Solutions technology to be applied broadly for cost-effective carbon emissions mitigation in heavy oil and oil sands operations in Western Canada and other industrial applications.
(Source: CO2 Solutions Inc., 15 April, 2014) Contact: CO2 Solutions, Evan Price, Pres., Thom Skinner, IR, (818( 842-3456X223, email@example.com, www.co2solutions.com; Husky Energy, www.huskyenergy.ca
Tags CO2 Solutions news, Husky Energy news, Carbon Storage news,
The two organizations first collaborated more than 20 years ago when DOE helped fund construction of the plant -- the first coal integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant in the U.S., and one of the first in the world.
Gas cleaning at power plants to remove contaminates like carbon dioxide, mercury, and sulfur is typically done at low temperatures. IGCC technology (warm gas cleanup) has posed a technical challenge to scientists for more than 30 years.
The TECO project is the first to use IGCC on a large-scale.
(Source: Tampa Electric Company, DOE, Others, PowerGrid, 14 April, 2014) Contact: Tampa Electric Company, www.tampaelectric.com
Tags IGCC news, CCS news, Tampa Electric Company news,
Bellona Europa, part of the Oslo, Norway-headquartered international environmental NGO Bellona Foundation, was the first environmental NGO to put CCS on the world agenda 20 years ago, and has been working on Bio-CCS in particular since the IPCC's 2007 report presenting Bio-CCS, the combination of sustainable bioenergy and CCS.
It its 2008 How to Combat Global Warming report, Bellona founder Frederick Hauge noted: biomass -- wood, crops, seaweed, algae -- absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere as it grows. The CO2 is released when the biomass is converted and used for heat, energy or other products like biofuel. This cycle is theoretically CO2-neutral. If these emissions are captured and stored it would therefore remove CO2 from the atmosphere over time. This makes Bio-CCS a carbon negative climate solution and one that the IPCC sees as necessary to compensate for our excessive emissions from fossil fuels.
Ensuring the sustainability of the biomass used for Bio-CCS is central and the IPCC report also notes this. Accordingly, life cycle emissions and adverse effects of land use change need to be fully accounted for. Concerns around this have led some to caution the use of Bio-CCS.
Some governments have called on the IPCC scientists to tone down their recommendations of Bio-CCS. Among these are EU member states who already rely heavily on bioenergy (without CCS) to meet their renewable targets. Adopting this attitude fails to approach the biomass sustainability issue holistically and fails to take the climate challenge seriously. If Bio-CCS is to become the carbon negative solution to climate change, huge amounts of biomass must be produced so that it does not lead to a loss of biodiversity or other problems, says Hauge.
More than ever, we must look to the ocean and salt water to produce large amounts of biomass in places that are otherwise not suitable for cultivation. Algae can be used for fuel, food and fertilizer. Biomass can be produced and used in a sustainable way with strengthened regulation and roll-out of more advanced alternatives. All elements of CCS are available and in use. We now need to combine the two.
In 2009, Bellona established a joint task force between the EU technology platforms for CCS (ZEP) and biofuels (EBTP) to look at the potential of Bio-CCS in Europe. The resulting report showed that Bio-CCS globally can remove up to 10 billion tpy of CO2 from the atmosphere annually by 2050; nearly 200 times the annual emissions of major oil and gas exporter Norway.
If Norway builds biomass power plants that are being combined with CCS, this could make an important contribution to meeting Norway's climate goals, says Hauge, while reminding that a recent report shows Norway is lagging behind in reaching its climate targets.
In Europe, Bio-CCS could remove 800 million tpy of CO2 by 2050. (Source: Bellona, April, 2014)
Tags Bellona news, CCS news, Biomass news, Climate Change Mitigation news,
Vattenfall, which has experience with CCS projects in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK, suggested the arrangement to SakPower. Construction on Saskatchewan's Boundary Dam CCS project is ongoing. (Source: SaskPower, Vattenfall, WJME Radio, 9 April, 2014) Contact: SaskPower, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com; Vattenfall, www.vattenfall.com
Tags SaskPower news, Vattenfall news, CCS news,
Oxy-combustion systems use oxygen, not air, to combust coal and produce a highly concentrated CO2 stream that can be easily captured, so that it can be used or stored underground. While first-generation oxy-combustion systems have shown viability, more research is necessary to develop transformational oxy-combustion systems to meet the U.S. DOE's target of no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity produced from these plants.
Axelbaum, principal investigator of the project, will collaborate with the Electric Power Research Institute, Praxair Inc. and Ameren Corp. to design and construct a laboratory-scale pressurized oxy-combustor, and conduct experiments to characterize the process and further optimize the boiler and system designs.
In 2012, Axelbaum received a one-year, $836,000 grant from the U.S. DOE to fund a techno-economic analysis of this process, as well as a three-year, nearly $500,000 grant from the State of Wyoming's Advanced Conversion Technologies research program, which supports staged oxy-combustion research, specifically atmospheric pressure experiments using Powder River Basin coal at the university's Advanced Coal and Energy Research Facility.
The DOE grants are part of a multi-million dollar investment to develop innovative advanced combustion systems that support deployment of CCS technologies by focusing on improving the efficiency and reducing the costs associated with carbon capture. (Source: Washington University St. Louis, 8 April, 2014) Contact: Washington University Engineering, Richard Axelbaum, (314) 935-7560, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.wustl.edu
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Coal news, Clean Coal news, Climate Change news, CCS news, Carbon Capture news,
Under the terms of its 10th call for proposals, the winning companies will be given a maximum of $25 million and three years to get their project up and running. The CCEMC's goal is to attract new and "transformative" gren technologies that can be adapted to Alberta and would not otherwise be developed.
To date, the
CCEMC's largest investment is in the renewable energy sector, including a concentrated solar project in Medicine Hat.
(Source: Alberta Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation, Edmonton Journal, 25 Mar., 2014)
Contact: Alberta Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation, Kirk Andries, Managing Director, (780) 417-1920, email@example.com, http://ccemc.ca
Tags Alberta Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation news,
In February, the South West Hub began a 3D seismic survey project to map the underground rock layers, at the site. The South West Hub is seeking to find out exactly what lays beneath the site's surface and to create strong enough background knowledge for industry to make a commercial decision whether it wants to invest in carbon capture and storage technology.
The information gained would allow the area's industries, such as the area's main gas and electricity supplier Synergy, to pipe and "capture" CO2 emissions before they are released into the atmosphere.
(Source: ABC (Australia) Rural, 19 Mar., 2014)
Contact: CSIRO, Dr. Adrian Chappell, +61 3 9545 2176, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.csiro.au
Tags Australia CCS news, CSIRO news,
In an Oct, 2013 SEC filing, Southern Company claimed the cost of the project has spiraled by as much as $1.2 billion over its original budget and that it would be unable to meet its initial May 2014 construction deadline for the plant. That delay resulted in the power company having to repay $133 million in tax incentives it received in 2009 under the condition of completing the project within five years. Even so, the project is expected to come online before the end of 2014.
The new plant, equipped with TRIG™ technology, is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 65 percent.
To date, the U.S. DOE has pumped an estimated $270 million into the project as part of its stimulus funds toward carbon reduction technologies.
(Source: Southern Company, Various Sources, PR, 17 Mar., 2014) Contact: Southern Company, www.southerncompany.com
Tags Southern Company news, CCS news,
The new NRDC modeling updates the potential impact of the 2012 plan and increases the number of scenarios for carbon pollution reduction from the one outlined in 2012 to five, including approaches that factor in increased energy efficiency from states, higher use of renewable energy, and other technologies (e.g., carbon capture and storage). The new scenarios use more up-to-date data about U.S. energy consumption and electricity generation from both industry and government sources.
The new analysis will show that it is possible for policymakers to deliver even bigger carbon pollution cuts at low cost while creating clean energy jobs, improving the health of Americans and benefiting the environment. (Source: NRDC, 18 Mar., 2014) Contact: Natural Resources Defense Council, www.nrdc.org
Tags NRDC news, Carbon Emissions news,
In July, 2013, NewNet reported that Algae.Tec sealed a deal with Biodiesel Industries Australia (BIA) that will see BIA refining the company's algal oil from its carbon capture and biofuels production facility alongside a 2,640MW coal-fired power station near Sydney, Australia.
In March, 2013, Algae.Tec signed an MOU with WorleyParsons that will see it support the company in the development of its projects in the EU, US, Australia, and Brazil. (Source: AlgaeTec, News & Views, 24 Feb., 2014) Contact: Algae.Tec, +61 (08) 9380 6790, www.algaetec.com.au; Reliance Industries, www.ril.com
Tags Algae.Tec news,
Peterhead will be the world's first gas-fired carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility as part of a £100 million Government investment in CCS technology. (Source: itv, 24 Feb., 2014)
Tags CCS news, Climate Change news, Carbon Emissions news, Carbon Sequestration news,
When taken together, the two papers argue that continental-scale satellite data that measures canopy greenness is not an accurate tool for estimating forest photosynthesis and, in turn, tree growth. Using tree growth data from regional forests , the study estimated the potential impacts of water stress at a regional scale using the record of growth for about 300,000 trees representing dozens of species.
Chronic water stress could potentially reduce the carbon sink of deciduous forests in the U.S. by as much as 17 percent in coming decades, leading to a decrease in carbon capture that translates to an additional one to three days of global carbon emissions from fossil fuel burning each year, according to the paper, Chronic water stress reduces tree growth and the carbon sink of deciduous hardwood forests.
In a companion study, Improved approach for remotely sensing water stress impacts on forest C uptake, IU researchers reported a promising new method for detecting the impacts of water shortages on forest growth across large regions. Using national satellite data and detailed forest site data, the team found that forest canopies do not change greenness -- or "brown down" like a residential lawn would with drought -- as photosynthesis declines. A better barometer of what was happening within forests was information gathered from the patchwork of grasslands and agricultural fields that exist in and around the majority of forests.
Funding for both papers was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy-Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Program and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
An improved approach for remotely sensing water stress impacts on forest C uptake by Daniel A. Sims, Edward R. Brzostek, A.F. Rahman, Danilo Dragoni and R.P. Phillips, published in Global Change Biology
Chronic water stress reduces tree growth and the carbon sink of deciduous hardwood forests by Edward R. Brzostek, Danilo Dragoni, Hans Peter Schmid, A. Faiz Rahman, Daniel Sims, Craig A. Wayson, Daniel J. Johnson and Richard P. Phillips, published in Global Change Biology. (Source: University of Indiana, Bloomington, Feb, 24, 2014) Contact: University of Indiana, www.iu.edu
Tags Climate CHange news, Carbon Storage news,
The SCCS policy briefing follows the publication yesterday of the Global CCS Institute's 2014 review of CCS progress worldwide, which concluded that Europe is "lagging behind" progress on CCS being made in the USA, Canada and China. The GCCSI also highlighted that industrial CCS projects are under construction in Australia and the UAE.
The European Commission's recent proposals for 2030 recognized that CCS is required in order to cost-effectively decarbonize Europe's industrial and power sectors. However, it failed to include specific policy incentives or any indication of the level of CCS deployment required by 2030 as a means to achieving reductions of CO2 emissions of 80-95 percent by 2050.
(Source: Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage, Click Green, 19 Feb., 2014) Contact: Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage, +44 (0) 131 650 0270, www.sccs.org.uk
Tags CCS news, CO2 news,
In another first, Saskatchewan will be the first Canadian province hit by new federal regulations under which all coal-burning power plants over 50 years old must either shut down or be converted to emit 420 tonnes or less CO2 per gigwatt hour by July 2015. Eight additional Canadian plants will be affected by the rule by 2019 and another 16 by 2029, according to data from the Pembina Institute.
Globally, there are 12 large-scale CCS projects in operation and nine under construction.
In 2012, Calgary-based TransAlta Corp. abandoned plans to build a $1.4-billion plant despite government backing. Last year, the Alberta government and privately owned Swan Hills Synfuels discontinued their $285-million CCS funding agreement, citing low natural gas prices. Even so, the Canadian government and industry are pushing ahead with two CCS projects in Alberta: the $1.35-billion Quest project backed by Shell Canada Ltd., Chevron Corp and Marathon with heavy funding from Alberta and Ottawa; and a $1.2-billion Alberta Carbon Trunk Line, managed by Enhance Energy Inc. and North West Redwater Partnership also enjoys strong government backing.
(Source: Sask Power, TransAlta, Pembina Inst., National Post, Others 14 Feb., 2014) Contact: SaskPower, Robt. Watson, CEO, (306) 566-2121, www.saskpower.com; TransAlta, Brent Ward Director, Corporate Finance and Investor Relations, (800) 387-3598, (403) 267-2540, email@example.com, www.transalta.com; Pembina Institute, Clare Demerse, Director, www.pembina.org
Tags CCS news, SaskPower news, TransAlta news, Pembina INstitute news,
The company and other industry leaders contend that the EPA has gone too far in its proposed limits on carbon-dioxide emissions from new power plants, according to Businessweek. The company's say the technology isn't commercially available and that no rules are in place to govern its use.
The EPA in September released a draft of the rules that effectively require new coal-fired plants to capture and store a portion of the carbon dioxide they produce.
The EPA proposal also sets new natural gas plant emissions standard that are achievable without carbon capture. (Source: Southern Company, Env. Leader, 10 Feb., 2014) Contact: Southern Company, www.southerncompany.com
Tags Coal news, Coal-fired Power Plant news, CO2 Emissions news, Southern Company news,
Bismarck, N.D.-based Basin Electric told the EPA that it conducted a $6.4 million front-end engineering and design study from 2007 to 2010 with the North Dakota Industrial Commission and the Lignite Research Council to determine the viability of a 120-MW CCS project at the Antelope Valley Station. The plant is near the Great Plains Synfuels Plant, which has captured and stored more than 25 million tons of carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery since 2000. The Basin Electric study concluded that CCS was not economically viable, even with access to a CO2 pipeline and compressor, available shipping capacity and a $100 million grant from the DOE for the project.
The Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association in Westminster, Colo., emphasized that CCS technology remains unproven for electric power generation and raised concerns about its costs. According to Tri-State, operating a new CCS equipped power plant would eat up from one-tenth to one-third of a power plant's energy.
The EPA's proposed CO2 standards for new coal-fired power plants are in keeping with the Obama administration's climate change strategy. The agency in June is expected to propose another carbon dioxide rule for the nation’s existing coal fleet. (Source: EPA, ETC Coop, 28 Jan., 2014) Contact:
Tri-State Generation and Transmission Assoc., www.tristategt.org; Basin Electric Cooperative, www.basinelectric.com
Tags CCS news, Basin Electric news,
FutureGen 2.0 would acquire and upgrade one unit of Ameren Energy Resources' Meredosia Energy Center, near Meredosia, Ill. The re-powered 168-MWe unit will include oxycombustion and carbon capture technologies designed to capture at least 90 percent of its CO2 emissions during "steady state" operation. The unit is expected to burn a blended mixture of 60 percent Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal and 40 percent Powder River Basin sub-bituminous coal.
The captured CO2 gas would then be transported via pipeline to wells where it would be injected about 4,000 feet below ground into one of the Illinois Basin's major deep saline formations for permanent storage. The project will be designed to capture, transport, and inject about 1.2 million tpy of CO2.
The FutureGen 2.0 Alliance is a continuation of the original 2003 FutureGen program. The Bush administration abruptly withdrew its support for that project in 2008. (Source: US DOE, 22 Jan., 2014) Contact: FutureGen, Kenneth Humphreys, CEO, (202) 280-6019, www.futuregenalliance.org
Tags FutureGen 2.0 news, FutureGen news, CCS news,
In Wyoming there is a significant demand for CO2 for enhanced oil recovery activities. This test center would be complimentary to enhanced oil recovery technology.
The State has been in talks with Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, a not-for-profit wholesale power supplier headquartered in Colorado and serving power to Wyoming electric cooperatives, about Tri-State's pursuit of an inducement prize for research on this issue. The test center could be used by Wyoming researchers and competitors seeking the prize. (Source:
Wyoming Gov. Matt Mead, County 10, 23 Jan., 2014)
Contact: Office of the Governor, governor.wy.gov
Tags Carbon news, Enhanced Oil Recovery news, Carbon Sequestration news,
The Obama administration's proposed carbon dioxide emissions limits for new coal plants would effectively ban coal power unless they use commercially unproven carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies . Tighter emission controls for coal plants are part of Obama's plan to fight global warming.
According to The World Resource Institute (WRI), countries like China and India are set to increase their use of coal dramatically. The WRI reports that nearly 1,200 new coal plants totaling over 1.4 million MW of power are on global drawing boards.
The U.S. coal industry, however, says CCS is not yet proven technology as there are no commercial-scale coal plants in the country that uses the technology. In fact, when the EPA wrote its rule limiting coal plant emissions it only cited CCS projects that were government funded and not in operation.
(Source: Daily Caller, 23 Jan., 2014)
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Global Warming news, Coal news,
Statoil, together with state carbon capture agency Gassnova, led work to prepare the investment basis for the full-scale project and had been due to make a final investment decision in 2016 before the CCS project was axed. (Source: Upstream, 21 Jan., 2014) Contact: CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad, Tore Amundsen, Managing Director, +47 900 51 222, http://www.tcmda.com
Tags Mongstad news, CCS news, Aker Solutions news,
The objective of this research is to report on the market penetration of carbon reduction technologies, specifically in reducing CO2 emissions in the manufacturing industry, and map their technological development until 2025.
The research scope is focused on carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies applied in industries that will contribute to reducing carbon emission by 2050.
| Briefly, this research service provides:
Key Findings include:
(Source: Research & Markets, i-connect, 14 Jan., 2014)
Contact: Research and Markets, (800) 526-8630, http://www.researchandmarkets.com
Tags Carbon Emissions news, Emissions Reduction news, CCS news, Research and Markets news,
Last year, the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) announced a pilot project to help Virginia Tech researchers and CONSOL Energy study the prospect of storing carbon dioxide in thinner, less valuable coal seams through the capture process.
CONSOL will try to sequester as much as 20,000 tons of CO2 that contributes to global warming and CONSOL is donating three coalbed methane wells near Buchanan, Va., for the pilot project. The year-long experiment was scheduled to begin last fall.
Michael Karmis of Virginia Tech's Center for Coal and Energy Research in Blacksburg, Virginia, says teams will test both the ability to inject CO2 and whether it can help recover coalbed methane. (Source: Virginia Tech's Center for Coal and Energy Research, tricities.com, 4 Jan., 2014) Contact: Virginia Tech's Center for Coal and Energy Research, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.energy.vt.edu; Consol Energy, Steve Winberg, GM, R&D,(724) 485-4000, email@example.com, www.consolenergy.com
Tags CCS news, CO2 news, Carbon Capture news, Coal news, CONSOL Energy news,
The rule creates a "consistent national framework" to facilitate the technology, including language that exempts the carbon streams pumped underground from the EPA's hazardous waste regulations under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
The rule also clarifies that the EPA does not expect to deem sequestration a waste management activity, which would subject the practices to other regulations. (Source: EPA, The Hill, Blog, 2 Jan., 2014)
Tags Geologic Sequestration news, CCS news, Coal-Fired Power news, Carbon Capture news, Carbon Emissions news, CCS news,