The Alstom Corp. designed plant would use oxy-combustion technology in which coal dust is ignited using pure oxygen rather than air.
Many experts believe that oxy-combustion is the most cost-effective carbon capture option.
The process leaves behind water vapor and pure carbon dioxide, which is easier to capture and store. Several plants are piloting parts of the technology around the world, and a large-scale test project is underway in Illinois, funded by $1 billion in stimulus money, according to the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute.
(Source: University of Utah, Salt Lake Tribune, 2 Nov., 2013) Contact: Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute, +61 3 8620 7359, www.globalccsinstitute.com; University of Utah, (801) 581-7200, www.utah.edu
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The two power stations are deploying different technologies: the USA power station, run by Southern Company, is a pre-combustion facility and the Canadian facility, run by SaskPower, is using a post-combustion system. Both systems have been retrofitted to existing power stations. (Source: GCCSI, ABC Perth, 14 Oct., 2013) Contact: GCCSI, Brad Page, CEO +61 2 6162 1928, www.globalccsinstitute.com
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The idea was originally pushed by former California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and former Quebec premier Jean Charest, within the Western Climate Initiative, which includes seven states and four provinces -- Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia. Quebec and California will set allowable emissions limits in the first year, with the permitted amount reduced over time.
Quebec -- "la belle provance" -- aims to reduce its GHG emissions to 25 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020. California aims to return to its 1990 level of GHG emissions by the same year. (Source: Global CCS Institute, Vancouver Sun, 1 Jan., 2013) Contact: Global CCS Institute, +61 2 6175,5300, www.globalccsinstitute.com
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The UK appears to be particularly behind schedule to meet the Commission's deadlines because a competition to choose the best projects was launched in the UK only in April, 2012, a previous competition having been cancelled last year.
A recently released Global CCS Institute survey suggested that Europe may be stalled in the development of CCS. In the past year, nine CCS projects have been launched worldwide, but only two of these are in the EU -- the Sargas power plant in Malta and the Caledonia Clean Energy Project in the UK. Five are in China, one is in Norway and one is in the US. Out of the 75 projects launched worldwide, only eight are operational.
At the current rate, only 67 projects will be operational by 2020. The institute says that for the technology to be able to deliver a significant benefit to emissions reduction, 130 projects are needed by 2020.
(Source: European Voice, Oct. 18, 2012) Contact: Global CCS Institute, www.globalccsinstitute.com
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The literature reviewed relates both to any direct assessment of potential impacts of CO2 on other natural resources, as well as those that contain valuable information that would be used for making such an assessment. These include reports on hydrogeology and groundwater, hydrocarbon and coal occurrence, geomechanical and structural assessment, and other relevant site specific studies on carbon dioxide storage. (Source: CSIRO)
Knowledge funded by the Institute is captured from different stages of the project life cycle, across technologies and geographic regions. It is then shared with the broader industry via workshops, thematic group discussions and one-on-one meetings. It is also shared through the Institute's digital knowledge platform, via private and public discussions, blogs, case studies, reports and other communications. (Source: Global CCS Institute, January, 2012)
CCS costs are still an issue, and the British government decision last month to withdraw funding for the country's first and most advanced CCS project at Longannet in Scotland has underscored critics' doubts that CCS can reach commercial scale by the end of the decade. Late last month, the government said it had dropped funding for the project that would have trapped emissions in a 330 megawatt unit but that the £1 billion in subsidies would be dedicated to a different CCS project.Other project have been delayed or cancelled in Norway, Dubai and the United States.
The cost of cutting or avoiding CO2 emissions for a coal-fired power plant fitted with current CCS technology ranges from $23 to $92 per tonne of CO2 and is a little higher for natural gas-fired power plants, the report said.
This compared to an avoided cost of $90 to $176 per tonne for offshore wind, $139 to $201 per tonne for solar thermal, and more for solar photovoltaic, or PV.
(Source: Contact: Global CCS Institute, Reuters, November, 2, 2011)
Contact: Global CCS Institute, + 61 2 6175 5300, www.globalccsinstitute.com
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Responses to this RFP are due by 5:00 PM (Singapore time) on May 6, 2011. Selection of the consultant is anticipated by May 2011. The detailed draft outline for a final report should be completed and submitted to the project steering committee for review by the end of June 2011. The consultant should complete the draft final report by mid-October 2011, and finalize it for publication by APEC following EGCFE project steering committee approval, by end-November 2011. Presentation of the results to an EGCFE Clean Fossil Energy Technical and Policy Seminar will depend on the Seminar dates, which will be known sufficiently in advance. The deadline for project completion and disbursement of APEC funds is December 31, 2011.(Source: The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), April, 18, 2011)
According to the report, Global Status of BECCS Projects 2010, commissioned by the Global CCS Institute and carried out by the Swedish consultancy Biorecro AB, the process could be applied to a range of biomass related technologies such as fermentation in ethanol production and biogas refining processes, and others.
However, BECCS is still a new technology and the biomass it consumes must be sustainable produced. The report describes the 16 first projects worldwide aiming to install a BECCS process. Most of these are in Europe and North America.
According to the Global Status of BECCS Projects 2010, commissioned by the Global CCS Institute and carried out by the Swedish consultancy Biorecro AB, the process could be applied to a range of biomass related technologies, such as power stations, combined heat and power plants, a range of flue gas streams, and fermentation in ethanol production and biogas refining processes.
The potential climate impact of combining biomass with CCS in BECCS systems is large, with negative emissions in the order of billions of tonnes. BECCS could also be a cost-effective technology for meeting ambitious climate targets. However, BECCS is still a new technology and the biomass it consumes must be sustainably produced.
The report describes the 16 first projects worldwide aiming to install a BECCS process. Most of these are in Europe and North America. (Source: Global CCS Institute, April, 2011)
The global CO2 reuse market currently amounts to approximately 80 million tpy and is dominated by EOR demand in North America. CO2 reuse for EOR has been a source of revenue for existing CCS projects in North America, and is incorporated into the planning of many proposed North American CCS projects. Elsewhere in the world, particularly in emerging and developing economies, the potential of EOR as an economic catalyst for CCS development is also being examined.
The key question addressed by this report is whether and to what extent EOR and other CO2 reuse technologies can accelerate the uptake and commercial deployment of CCS. Key findings include that:
While the goal of the CCSI is to deliver tools that can simulate scale-up of a broad suite of new carbon capture technologies, the first 5 years of the project will focus on developing capabilities applicable to oxy-combustion and post-combustion capture by solid sorbents and advanced solvents. Among possible carbon capture technologies, these are expected to have the most immediate impact on U.S. pulverized coal power plants, which currently generate nearly half of the nation's electricity and are expected to emit 95 percent of the United State's coal-based CO2 emissions between 2010 and 2030.
The CCSI is led by NETL and leverages the core strengths of other DOE national laboratories in modeling and simulation.(Source: DOE, March 16, 2011)
Contact: David Miller, CCSI Technical Team Lead, Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative,(304) 285-6550, [email protected], http://www.netl.doe.gov/publications/factsheets/rd/R%26D156_4P.pdf
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But, despite an estimated $40 billion available globally for large-scale CCS projects, numerous projects haven't got off the ground; E.ON's proposed Kingsnorth development in the UK ,or the delayed US FutureGen 2.0 project . Nevertheless, the US continues to lead the way with 39 of the total 77 large-scale projects. Europe boasts just 21 and appears to be moving at somewhat slower pace than the US. Within Europe, Norway, the UK and the Netherlands are leading the vanguard with 11 large-scale projects in development. The report highlights where more efforts are needed to move the technology forward, including the characterization of storage sites and crucially reducing costs.
If development of CCS can be driven forward, the International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that the technology could account for 19% of energy-related emissions reductions – on a par with renewables.
The report concludes that the world is still in the early stages of implementing large-scale CCS and that the demonstration phase is likely to last for over decade before we start seeing the widespread deployment of commercial CCS. (Source: Global CCS Institute, March 9, 2011)
The funding will support the initial engineering and characterization phase of AEP's commercial-scale installation of a CCS system using Alstom's chilled ammonia process to capture at least 90 percent of the CO2 from 235 megawatts of Mountaineer's 1,300 MW of capacity. The captured carbon dioxide, approximately 1.5 million metric tons per year, will be treated and compressed, then injected into suitable geologic formations for permanent storage approximately 1.5 miles below the surface. The system will begin commercial operation in 2015.
The U.S. DOE is funding 50 percent of the costs, up to $334 million, and AEP is in discussions with other potential international partners.
In Sept., 2009, AEP and Alstom began operating a smaller-scale validation of the chilled-ammonia technology at Mountaineer. That system captures up to 90 percent of the CO2 from a slipstream of flue gas equivalent to 20 MW of generating capacity.
The Global CCS Institute works with organizations and governments to accelerate the broad deployment of commercial CCS and ensure that the technology plays a role in responding to the world's need for a low carbon energy future. (Source: AEP, February 16, 2011) Contact: Melissa McHenry, Sr. Manager, Media Relations,
American Electric Power, (614) 716-1120 ; The Global CCS Institute, +61 2 6175 5300, www.globalccsinstitute.com
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The brainchild of former Australian PM Kevin Rudd, the 277 member GCCSI was to be a center for fossil fuel industries around the world to pool information and work towards the commercial deployment of CCS technology.
The Australian government has committed to fund it to the tune of $100 million a year, with more money expected to be forthcoming from international members. But, despite not getting a mention in Opposition Leader Tony Abbott's alternative to funding flood recovery, the Coalition is standing by its pledge to scrap the institute altogether. Prime Minister Julia Gillard has already slashed part of the GCCSI funding to raise money for the floods, but is committed to keeping it open.