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Aussies Mapping Potential National CCS Blueprint Site (Int'l)
CSIRO
Date: 2014-03-21
In western Australia, 115-square-kilometre of land known as the Harvey-Waroona Site is being used as a national blueprint for carbon capture and storage (CCS). On-site CCS research is being by the South West Hub, a joint venture that incorporates the Department of Mines and Petroleum , as well as industry and research bodies including the CSIRO.

In February, the South West Hub began a 3D seismic survey project to map the underground rock layers, at the site. The South West Hub is seeking to find out exactly what lays beneath the site's surface and to create strong enough background knowledge for industry to make a commercial decision whether it wants to invest in carbon capture and storage technology. The information gained would allow the area's industries, such as the area's main gas and electricity supplier Synergy, to pipe and "capture" CO2 emissions before they are released into the atmosphere. (Source: ABC (Australia) Rural, 19 Mar., 2014) Contact: CSIRO, Dr. Adrian Chappell, +61 3 9545 2176, enquiries@csiro.au, www.csiro.au

Tags Australia CCS news,  CSIRO news,  


EPA Publishes CCS Regulation Clarification (Reg & Leg)
US EPA
Date: 2014-01-03
On Thursday, the Obama administration detailed final regulations easing the path toward technology needed to allow new coal-fired power plants to operate. A final EPA rule is meant to remove potential obstacles in the implementation of carbon capture and sequestration (CSS) technology. Without the technology, coal plants would be unable to meet forthcoming emission standards proposed as part of the administration's effort to combat climate change. Administration opponents often refer to the standards as a "war on coal" and contend that CCS technology is too costly and unproven.

The rule creates a "consistent national framework" to facilitate the technology, including language that exempts the carbon streams pumped underground from the EPA's hazardous waste regulations under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

The rule also clarifies that the EPA does not expect to deem sequestration a waste management activity, which would subject the practices to other regulations. (Source: EPA, The Hill, Blog, 2 Jan., 2014)

Tags Geologic Sequestration news,  CCS news,  Coal-Fired Power news,  Carbon Capture news,  Carbon Emissions news,  CCS news,  


US, Norway Affirm CCS Technonolgy Committment (Ind. Report)
CO2 Test Centre Network,CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad
Date: 2013-11-11
In a joint release, the U.S. and Norway have affirmed their commitment to enhance the development of CCS technologies that will merge the need for reliable and cost efficient power production with sustainable deployment at large scale power production. Under the agreement, the two countries will strengthen their efforts to accelerate the development of CCS technologies. The joint announcement was made at the recent meeting of the CO2 Test Centre Network.

The CO2 Test Centre Network was launched in 2012 by the CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM, Norway), NCCC (US) and other carbon capture test facilities. (See our Feb. 4, 2013 edition for details) The founding Test Centre Network embers include: CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad (Norway), National Carbon Capture Center (Alabama, US), Southern Company's CCS demonstration facility (Alabama, US), J-Power (Japan), ENEL Engineering and Research (IT), E.ON (Germany), DOOSAN Power Systems (UK) and SaskPower (Canada). Membership in the network is open to any large-scale CCS test centers.

The network aims to: provide enhanced technical learning and confidence that can be beneficial for projects in applying more efficient CCS solutions; increase insight and awareness of different technologies for relevant stakeholders that may reduce risks and increase investments in CCS technology; provide a broader base of factual evidence which can increase general transparency of CCS, and thereby enhance public awareness and acceptance of the technology; and to increase the value of public and private CCS research and technology investments through increased sharing of lessons learned and results from parallel activities. (Source: TCMDA, HydroCarbon Processing, 8 Nov., 2013) Contact: CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad, Tore Amundsen, Managing Director, +47 900 51 222, http://www.tcmda.com

Tags CCS news,  Carbon Capture news,  CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad news,  


Carbon Monitoring & CCS Experts Meeting in Australia (Int'l.)
CO2CRC
Date: 2013-08-26
The Cooperative Research Center for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC) is hosting a four day combined meeting of the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG) Monitoring Network and Environmental Research Network this week in Australia. The meeting will cover a range of topics including monitoring results from active carbon dioxide storage projects, discussions of CCS regulation, new and established terrestrial and marine monitoring techniques and the environmental impacts of carbon dioxide.

Monitoring is an essential part of carbon storage, both for verifying the amount of carbon dioxide being stored and understanding how the gas behaves underground. The rigorous monitoring required for CCS provides assurance of long term storage integrity and an early warning if things are not going as planned.

"The meeting is a significant research event and brings together scientists from the US, Europe, the UK and Australia. It is part of a global scientific effort to develop new and improved technologies for monitoring geologically stored carbon dioxide, and is a vital underpinning to the development of CCS," according to CO2CRC CEO Dr. Richard Aldous.

The meeting is being sponsored by CO2CRC, ANLEC R&D, the CarbonNet Project, Chevron, The Global CCS Institute and Shell. (Source: CO2CRC, Aug 23, 2013) Contact: CO2CRC, Tony Steeper, tsteeper@co2crc.com, www.co2crc.com

Tags Carbon Monitoring news,  Carbon Emissions news,  CCS news,  


Two Noteworthy CCS Reports Available Below (Ind. Reports)
CCS
Date: 2012-12-19
The Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Market 2013-2023 -- The value of the global CCS market will be $7.78 billion in 2013. This report looks into the opportunities that the global CCS market offers and its application to various industries that emit CO2 besides large power plants, and examines various government policies and initiatives that are stimulating industries to implement clean or low carbon technologies by adopting CCS technologies. Among those policies considered are carbon tax, prospects of carbon emission trading schemes (ETS), direct funding for carbon capture and storage and other awards for innovations. A report Executive Summary and free sample pages are available at http://www.giiresearch.com/report/gd256330-carbon-capture-storage-ccs-coal-fired-plants.html

Global Carbon Management Software and Services Market 2011-2015 -- The global market for carbon management software and services (CMSS) is forecast to grow at a 35.9% CAGR through 2015. One of the key factors contributing to this market growth is the increasing shift toward green concepts. The Global CMSS market has also been witnessing increased number of governmental rules and regulations. However, lack of awareness regarding CMSS could pose a challenge to the growth of this market. Key vendors dominating this market space include Enablon North America Corp., Enviance Inc., Hara Software Inc., and IHS Inc. Other vendors mentioned in this report include Advantage IQ Inc., Accenture plc, PE International GmbH, IBM Corp., Summit Energy Services Inc., Greenstone Carbon Management Ltd., CarbonSystems Pty Ltd., Carbonetworks, Deloitte Inc., Foresite Systems Ltd., Intelex Technologies Inc., Perillon Software Inc., ProcessMAP Corp., TRIRIGA Inc., Verisae Inc., and Verteego. An Executive Summary and free sample pages are available at http://www.giiresearch.com/report/infi245872-global-carbon-management-software-services-market.html

(Source: Global Information Inc, Dec. 18, 2012) Contact: Global Information Inc., http://www.giiresearch.com

Tags CCS news,  


Qatar pledges $70m for CCS Research Project (Int'l, Funding)
Qatar Petroleum
Date: 2012-12-05
Qatar, the world's largest LNG producer , has pledged $70 million for a CCS R&D project which is part of the oil-rich kingdom's efforts to reduce CO2 emissions. The pleadge was made by a senior official of Qatar Petroleum ( QP ) yesterday at COP18. The official indicated that CCS was being considered as an alternative to CO2 emission reduction.

The 10-year research project aims to explore new CCS storage technologies and is a joint initiative of energy giant Shell Oil, QP and the Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) in collaboration with Imperial College, London.

As of today, there are only 23 active and 53 planned CCS projects worldwide. (Source: Zaway, 4 December, 2012) Contact: Qatar Petroleum, +974 4449 1449, www.qp.com.qa

Tags CCS news,  Carbon Emissions news,  


GlobalData say CCS may be Key to Meeting Global Emissions Targets (Ind. Report)
GlobalData
Date: 2012-12-03
Although currently negligible in prominence, carbon capture and storage (CCS) could be the technology that makes the world's carbon emission reduction targets achievable, according to energy expert GlobalData.

CCS techniques, such as enhanced oil recovery, have been extensively used in the energy sector but only recently has the concept of long-term carbon storage been viewed as a viable tool for reducing the amount of carbon released from power plants into the atmosphere. Correspondingly, only 238 MW of CCS capacity was installed globally at the end of 2011. A more substantial 10 GW is, however, expected to come online by 2020.

China, the US, Australia, Japan, Norway, the Netherlands and the UK have invested heavily in CCS R&D and are the global leaders in the industry. Even so, there are currently no active large-scale CCS projects for coal-fired power plants. (Source: ESI-Africa, Dec. 3, 2012) Contact: Global Data, (646) 395-5477, www.globaldata.com

Tags GlobalData news,  CCS news,  Carbon Emission Target news,  


Qatar and Partners Open CCS Research Center in London (Int'l)
Qatar,Shell,Imperial College
Date: 2012-09-17
Shell, Qatar Petroleum (QP) and Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP) have opened the world's largest suite of laboratories to research Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in carbonate rock formations. The new laboratories form part of the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC ) at Imperial College London and are part of a $70 million, 10-year partnership between Shell, QP, QSTP and Imperial College.

The new laboratories represent a significant step forward in the development of CCS as a solution to climate change, by helping to build knowledge that can be used to unlock the vast CO2 storage potential of carbonate reservoirs. Laboratory researchers will also analyze how liquids and gases move through carbonate rock to optimize oil and gas production. The research in the new laboratories will be the first in the world to utilise multi-scale X-Ray CT technology alongside other state-of-the-art measurement and modelling techniques to understand the way CO2 interacts with, and flows in, carbonate rock formations.

With more than 50 researchers, including PhD students from Qatar, the new venture will create one of the largest university-based CCS research teams in the world. The programme will operate internationally in both Qatar and the UK over the coming years with the main site ultimately located in Qatar and hosted at QSTP, which will provide state-of-the-art equipment and facilities. (Source: Gulf Times, Sept. 16, 2012)

Tags CCS news,  


Canadaian Oilsands CCS Project Underway (Ind. Report)
Royal Dutch Shell,Alberta Oilsands
Date: 2012-09-05
In Calgary, Alberta, Royal Dutch Shell is proceeding with the first CCS project for a Canadian oilsands operation. The Quest project will be built on behalf of the Athabasca Oil Sands Project's joint venture owners, which include Shell, Chevron and Marathon Oil. It also has the support of the Canadian and Alberta governments.

Beginning in late 2015, Quest will capture and store deep underground more than one million tonnes a year of CO2 produced in bitumen processing. Quest will reduce direct emissions from the Scotford upgrader by up to 35 per cent. Quest is the world's first commercial-scale CCS project to tackle carbon emissions in the oilsands, and the first CCS project in which Shell will hold majority ownership and act as designer, builder and operator. It will also form the core of Shell's CCS research program and help develop its CO2 capture technology. Shell has received the necessary federal and provincial regulatory approvals for Quest.

The Alberta government plans to invest $745 million in Quest from a $2-billion fund to support CCS, while the Canadian federal government in Ottawa will provide $120 million through its Clean Energy Fund.

The captured CO2 from will be transported via an 80-kilometre underground pipeline to a storage site north of Scotford where it will be injected two kilometres underground into a porous rock formation called the Basal Cambrian Sands, located beneath layers of impermeable rock. (Source: Royal Dutch Shell, 5 Sept., 2012) Contact: Shell, www.shell.com

Tags Royal Dutch Shell news,  CCS news,  Albert Oilsands news,  


Melbourne School of Engineering Launches CCS Center (Int'l , Ind. Report)
Rio Tinto,Melbourne School of Engineering
Date: 2012-08-21
Research into carbon reduction at The University of Melbourne received a $3 million boost last week with the launch of the new Peter Cook Center for Carbon Capture and Storage Research. The (CO2CRC) will oversee research at the new center, which has been sponsored by Rio Tinto with $3 million in funding over 3 years. A further $3 million in Rio Tinto funding over 3 years will support the CO2CRC Otway Project, Australia's first demonstration of geological carbon dioxide storage, as a field site for carbon storage research.

The Peter Cook Center for CCS Research will incorporate existing extensive research hosting more than 30 scientists working on CCS. The Peter Cook Center for CCS Research is a collaborative partnership between CO2CRC, Rio Tinto, The University of Melbourne and the Victorian Department of Primary Industries.

The centre will bring together professors and researchers from a wide variety of disciplines, including the chemical and process engineering associated with capturing CO2 from power plants, and the geology and geomechanics required for storage of carbon dioxide in deep rock formations.

The CO2CRC is one of the world's leading collaborative research organizations focused on carbon dioxide capture and storage. The CO2CRC is a joint venture comprising participants from Australian and global industry, universities and other research bodies from Australia and New Zealand, and Australian Commonwealth, State and international government agencies. (Source: Melbourne School of Engineering, Aug. 21, 2012) Contact: Melbourne School of Engineering, www.eng.unimelb.edu.au Rio Tinto, Rio Tinto, + 44 20 7781 2000, www.riotinto.com

Tags CCS news,  Rio Tinto news,  


Edinburgh University CCS Research Center Wins &12.6Mn Funding (Int'l., Funding)
University of Edinburgh
Date: 2012-08-21
In the UK, the University of Edinburgh's Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Research Center has been awarded £12.6 million by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. The funding will further the Center's CCS R&D activities.

Throughout the year the university research staff and students created a total of 35 companies, filed 62 patents and concluded 51 license agreements to allow commercial use of technologies developed on campus. (Source: Fife Today, Univ. of Edinburgh, 20 Aug., 2012) Contact: University of Edinburgh, www.ed.ac.uk

Tags CCS news,  


Carbon Deposit - a Carbon Tax Option from Milan Ilnyckyj (All Things Considered)
Carbon Tax
Date: 2012-05-23
It just occurred to me that there might be a way to both (a) spur the development of effective carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology and (b) circumvent the apparent political impossibility of creating a carbon price. It involves treating tonnes of greenhouse gas pollution like soda cans.

Instead of charging people a fee based on their tonnes of emissions, as an incentive to use less, you could require everyone to pay a disposal fee for the carbon up front when they buy oil, gas, or coal. It's possible to separate carbon dioxide (CO2) from air and to bury it underground. The cost of doing so could be built into the disposal fee. For instance, if it cost $600 to bury a tonne of carbon, there could be a $600 deposit required on that quantity of fossil fuel. If you burn it, capture the carbon and sequester it, then the deposit gets returned to you. If you just vent the CO2 into the air, then you lose the deposit. The effect is similar to a carbon tax, with an exemption for firms that demonstrably nullify their emissions. (Of course all the issues with safety and verification and CCS remain.)

A $600 carbon price would have a large and immediate effect on an economy like Canada's, so this probably isn't politically possible either. (Of course, it would be possible to start lower and scale up, giving people more time to adjust.) There may well be all sorts of other problems with it also, but I thought it was an idea worth contemplating. (Source: Milan Ilnyckyj, 18 May, 2012)

About the author: Originally from Vancouver, Milan Ilnyckyj is a graduate of the University of British Columbia (B.A. International Relations and Political Science) and the University of Oxford (M.Phil International Relations). In September 2012, he will be starting a PhD in Political Science at the University of Toronto and a Junior Fellowship at Massey College.


Greenpeace Rejects Australian CCS Funding (Int'l, Ind. Report)
Greenpeace
Date: 2012-05-17
According to environment group Greenpeace, Australian governments are wasting millions of dollars of public money on carbon capture and storage (CCS) research. Greenpeace says the collapse of CCS projects overseas and in Australia shows the technology is commercially not viable.

Julian Vincent of Greenpeace says governments are paying an unfair share of the research bill because the coal power industry is unwilling to invest. He says taxpayer money would be better spent on renewable energy projects such as solar and wind. "We need technologies, we need solutions that are on the table, that can be implemented in the next few years, if not already," he said.

A Victorian-based CCS research project has questioned Greenpeace's findings. CEO Richard Aldous from the CO2 cooperative research center near Warrnambool says CCS is a viable option to slow climate change. "All of the research that we're seeing is indicating that CCS is neck and neck with renewables in terms of its ability to contribute to the climate change fight " he said. (Source: Greenpeace, May 16, 2012) Contact: Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org

Tags Greenpeace news,  CCS Funding news,  


Nottingham Univ. Partners with CCS Research Center (Int'l, R&D)
Nottingham University,DECC
Date: 2012-04-10
In the UK, Nottingham University will play a key role in the new UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre (UKCCSRC), a £13 million initiative which will lead research into safe storage of GHG produced from power generation.

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) will invest £10 million in the Centre over a five-year period, with funding of £3 million from the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) to establish new capital facilities that will support innovative research. This forms part of the Research Councils UK Energy Programme, which is led by EPSRC. DECC has also launched its CCS Commercialization Programme and Roadmap, setting out the Government's vision for achieving commercial deployment of CCS in the UK in the 2020s, including investing £125 million in CCS R&D between 2011-2015. A key priority will be to support the UK economy by driving an integrated research programme focused on maximizing the contribution of CCS to a low-carbon energy system for the UK. (Source: Nottingham University, April, 9, 2012) Contact: Nottingham University, www.nottingham.ac.uk

Tags CCS R&D news,  DECC news,  


NCCS Responds to WWF's Carbon Footprint Charge (Ind. Report)
National Climate Change Secretariat,World Wildlife Fund
Date: 2012-03-15
The National Climate Change Secretariat (NCCS) has responded to environmental group World Wildlife Fund's (WWF) findings that Singapore has the largest carbon footprint per capita in the Asia-Pacific. The NCCS issued its response to "provide a better understanding of the facts" and took issue with the WWF citing Singapore as "a society that may be one of the best examples of what we should not do" - a statement which "seriously misrepresents the situation", said the NCCS. The secretariat cited how the Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) Asian Green City Index last year had assessed Singapore as Asia's greenest metropolis and said Singapore ranked "well above average" for its policies on energy and carbon emissions.

The EIU study found that Singapore used three megajoules of energy to generate US$1 (S$1.30) of GDP - half the Index's average of six megajoules. The Index had examined the environmental performance of 22 Asian cities in eight categories including environmental governance, air quality, energy and carbon dioxide emissions. The NCCS also noted that the methodology used by the WWF in its upcoming Asia Footprint Report differs from that of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The latter attributes emissions from goods to the country where they are produced, while WWF attributes carbon emissions from the goods to the importing country.

Based on the UNFCCC's method, Singapore ranked below countries such as Brunei, Australia and South Korea in terms of per capita emissions, said the NCCS. Even so, the NCCS noted "inherent limitations" in the use of per capita indicators to measure carbon emissions. "Carbon emissions per capita as a measure disadvantages countries with small populations," it said. This is so for Singapore due to its small land area, with no readily available alternative energy sources.

Singapore ranks favourably when it comes to energy intensity, the NCCS also pointed out. Its CO2 emissions per dollar or GDP is among "the lowest internationally" - or 123 out of 137 countries, based on data from the International Energy Agency. Last Monday, the WWF had revealed that Singapore topped the list of carbon emitters per capita in the Asia-Pacific, saying its high GDP per capita fueled consumption habits and citing the corporate sector and construction industry as a significant contributor. (Source: Today Online, March 14, 2012) Contact: NCCS, www.nccs.gov.sg


APEC Issues CCS RFP - Details Attached (Ind. Report)
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Date: 2012-02-20
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) has released a Request for Proposals (RFP), titled, Feasibility of Accelerating the Deployment of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) in Developing APEC Economies. The deadline for submission of proposals to the APEC Secretariat is March 23, 2012.

The project will focus on CO2 reuse prospects in developing APEC economies, practical possibilities for CO2 reuse and stimulating interest in exploring the near-term opportunities for CCUS in these economies. The project will cooperate with the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), whose focus has recently been broadened to include CCUS. The objectives of the project are:

  • to produce a feasibility assessment for CCUS-EOR in developing APEC economies, including: data and information needs for evaluating CCUS-EOR opportunities; barriers to exploitation of these opportunities; policies and programs to facilitate the development of large-scale CCUS-EOR demonstration projects; elements of CCUS-EOR permitting frameworks that are likely to require particular attention by the relevant authorities in developing APEC economies; and recommendations for cost-effective capacity-building activities in the area of CCUS-EOR in these economies;
  • to share experiences in and disseminate the most up-to-date information from APEC, the CSLF, and other international fora concerning the identification of potential opportunities for reuse of CO2 from fossil fuel power generation in developing APEC economies, in particular for enhanced oil or gas recovery. )

    Access APEC Request for Proposals (PDF) HERE. (Source: APEC, February 18, 2012) Contact: APEC, www.apec.org


  • Masdar, Scotland Agree on CCS, Green Energy (Int'l, Ind. Report)
    Masdar
    Date: 2012-01-18
    Abu Dhabi's Masdar reports that it has reached a deal with Scotland on a framework to develop a comprehensive renewable energy plan ranging from offshore wind power developments to carbon capture and storage. The agreement outlines four core areas of collaboration: carbon capture and storage; investment in the low carbon economy; renewable energy research and development; offshore and onshore wind.

    The agreement also includes Masdar, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, the Middle East's first home grown, research driven high level institute and Scottish Enterprise.

    In Scotland, CCS research will be co-ordinated through the Energy Technology Partnership (ETP), an alliance of 12 independent Scottish Universities, engaged in world class related energy research, development and demonstration. With around 250 faculty and 700 researchers, ETP is the largest, power and energy research partnership in Europe, and brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise in renewables to the agreement to drive forward global-leading initiatives. (Source: TradeArabia News Service, January 17, 2012) Contact: Masdar, +971 2 653 3333, www.masdar.ae

    Tags Masdar news,  


    WCO2 Launches Carbon Emissions Calculator (New Prod. & Tech.)
    Global Carbon Project Management
    Date: 2011-10-07
    Global Carbon Project Management Company (WCO2) has launched its proprietary carbon emissions calculator that allows clients to calculate their individual or business carbon footprint and determine the number of required tonnes to offset their emissions.

    WCO2 is a European based Business to Business provider, focusing on carbon offset project solutions and consultancy services for small to medium size businesses and carbon brokerage houses. Through the extensive global database of emerging and developed market offset projects, the company is able to work with leading companies to reduce their global footprint. WCO2 will provide the carbon calculator to its clients on both a white label and non white label basis, hence providing a valuable metric for both individuals and businesses, who wish to measure their carbon emissions.

    Calculations available include household electricity and energy emissions, auto and transportation emissions,freight and cargo emissions, and office energy and space emissions methodology.

    WCO2 utilized numerous governmental and non-governmental sources for the emissions methodology and the appropriate calculations. Predominantly the US Energy Information Administration was utilized, as this department supplied WCO2 with accurate up to date information and data. Other organizational bodies that were used include the Defra / DECCs Reporting, the World Resources Institute and the Environmental Protection Agency.(Source: WCO2, October, 6, 2011) Contact: Otto Butchardt, WCO2, +43(0)1531470, www.w-co2.com


    Holland Legislates Permanent CO2 Storage (Int'l, Reg. & Leg.)
    CCS Legislation
    Date: 2011-09-28
    On August 19 2011 an act amending the Dutch Mining Act in order to implement the EU Carbon Storage Directive (2009/31/EU) and the Ospar Decision (2007/2) on CO2 storage in geological formations has become law.

    The act introduces a new license for permanent carbon storage. Applicants must demonstrate their financial and technical capability for such activities, submit a monitoring plan, provide any financial security that the minister may require. Holders of an exploration and production license cannot apply for a permanent CO2 storage license for the same reservoir at the same time. Former E&P licensees must submit a new application. The holder of an E&P license for minerals or geothermal heat has no priority status in obtaining a license for permanent storage or for the exploration of reservoirs for the purpose of permanent storage. This deviates from the system under the existing Mining Act, whereby the holder of an E&P license has priority status when obtaining a storage license for the same reservoir.

    Under the new act, enhanced hydrocarbon recovery is not regarded as permanent storage The act requires the holder of a permanent carbon dioxide storage license to arrange for non-discriminatory third-party access against reasonable and transparent conditions to the storage facility. Such third-party access is also mandatory for the transport network to which the storage facility is connected.

    Although the directive was due to be implemented by July 25 2011, the effective date of the new legislation has not yet been set. In line with Dutch state policy, it is expected to enter into force on January 1 2012. Draft amendments were published on September 15, 2011. (Source: Loyens & Loeff, September,26,2011) Contact: Waldo Kapoen, Loyens & Loeff, +31 20 578 51 14 , waldo.kapoen@loyensloeff.com

    More Energy Overviews CCS Reg. & Leg. news,  


    Australia at Forefront of CCS R&D (Int'l, R&D)
    Cooperative Research Center for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC)
    Date: 2011-09-26
    In the Land Down Under, the successful completion of a $10 million critical research milestone in the Otway Project carried out by the Cooperative Research Center for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC) will accelerate the development of the CCS industry in Australia and around the world. The CO2CRC project is the world's first single well test that can be used to evaluate the CO2 storage capacity and security of geological carbon storage worldwide.

    Similar projects are being explored in Chine, including a post-combustion capture project at a power station in Beijing and an enhanced coal-bed methane project that aims to further develop tools to understand the interactions between injected CO2 and coal at multiple sites in China.(Source: CO2CRC, September, 22, 2011) Contact: CO2CRC, +61 2 6120 1600, www.co2crc.com.au; Australia's Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, +61 2 6276 1000, www.ret.gov.au


    Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada - Report Attached (Ind. Report)
    NETL
    Date: 2011-09-09
    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has released the third edition of the Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada (Atlas III). Production of Atlas III is the result of collaboration among carbon storage experts from local, State, and Federal agencies, as well as industry and academia.

    Atlas III provides a coordinated update of carbon capture and storage (CCS) potential across most of the United States and portions of Canada. The primary purpose of Atlas III is to update the CO2 storage potential for the United States and Canada, and to provide updated information on the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSPs) field activities. In addition, Atlas III outlines DOE's Carbon Sequestration Program, DOE's international CCS collaborations, worldwide CCS projects, and CCS regulatory issues; presents updated information on the location of CO2 stationary source emissions and the locations and storage potential of various geologic storage sites; and further provides information about the commercialization opportunities for CCS technologies from each RCSP. (Source: NETL, September, 8, 2011)

    Access NETL atlas HERE Contact: NETL, www.netl.doe.gov

    More Energy Overviews Carbon Sequestration news,  CCS news,  NETL news,  


    CCSA Launches New UK CCS Strategy (Ind. Report)
    Carbon Capture and Storage Association
    Date: 2011-09-09
    In the UK, the Carbon Capture and Storage Association (CCSA) has launched A Strategy for CCS in the UK and Beyond, setting out a strategy to save 100Mt of CO2 per year and sequester 500Mt per year by 2030 in the UK. The plan outlines the potential of CCS to provide secure, cost-competitive, low carbon electricity as part of the portfolio of low-carbon technologies that will be needed to meet UK climate change targets. The strategy describes the policy and regulatory framework required by industry for a smooth and strong uptake of CCS, which the CCSA says could create a market worth £10bn/year to UK plc by 2025, with more than 50,000 quality jobs by 2030. Key highlights and recommendations include:

  • A clear framework for maintaining the momentum of the CCS Demonstration Programme and enabling a progressive roll-out, with a steadily increasing build rate from 1GW in 2018 to 3GW per year in 2030 and beyond;
  • Up to 30GW of power station capacity equipped with CCS by 2030;
  • The need to urgently launch CCS demonstration in the industrial sector;
  • Proposals for the early planning, development and deployment of CCS infrastructure, optimized for the long-term CCS industry, which could create cost and operational efficiencies going forward;
  • Analysis of further important factors to facilitate roll out, including: regulatory barriers, R&D, and political and public perception. The UK government is due to publish its own CCS Roadmap on 17 November 2011. (Source: CCSA, September, 8, 2011) Contact: Dr. Jeff Chapman, CEO, Carbon Capture and Storage Association, +44 (0) 20 7821 0528, www.ccsassociation.org.uk

    More Energy Overviews Carbon Capture and Storage Association news,  CCS news,  


  • Icelandic Carbon Storage Experiment Set to Begin (R&D)
    Reykjavik Energy
    Date: 2011-09-01
    A new experiment being conducted by CarbFix, a joint American and Icelandic venture, will assess the viability of storing carbon pollution underground by artificially creating seams of limestone. The project is slated to begin next month at Hellisheidi in south west Iceland, near Reykjavik Energy's geothermal power stations. If successful, the CO2 pumped into the basalt rock will turn into limestone and be locked away underground forever. The technique involves creating so-called "seltzer water" which reacts with basalt and forces the dissolved CO2 into harmless limestone.

    What marks the Icelandic experiment apart from other carbon storage projects is that turning the CO2 into stone means it will not escape back into the atmosphere, as is feared with underground gas storage. The short term goal is to allow geothermal power stations to get rid of the CO2 they bring up from the depths and thereby become truly carbon neutral. Project organizers are cautiously allowing themselves to imagine the wider potential of the technique if the experiment goes well. Huge areas of the world's land sit on top of basalt, meaning the technique could be carried out on a massive scale as a measure in the fight against harmful climate change.

    Almost half of the $10 million project is funded by Reykjavik Energy. Additional funding is from two universities, France's National Center of Scientific Research, the US DOE, the EU and from Scandinavian funds. The experiment will last six months to one year, but is only in the first stage. (Source: ICE News, August, 29,2011) Contact: CarbFix, holmfridur.sigurdardottir@or.is,www.or.is/English/Projects/CarbFix/

    More Energy Overviews CCS R&D news,  


    GE Wins $1.3 million for Carbon Capture R&D ( Funding)
    General Electric
    Date: 2011-08-29
    General Electric will receive $1,358,524 in DOE funding for two projects aimed towards cost-effective deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies. The projects are focused on reducing the energy and cost associated with applying currently available carbon capture technologies to existing and new power plants. The funds will go to GEs Global R&D Center in Niskayuna in support of the DOE's goals of charting a path toward finding new ways to reduce carbon emissions, providing clean energy, and reducing GHGs.

    GE's Global R&D Center in Niskayuna will use $749,954 to continue research and bench-scale testing of a novel CO2 capture solvent, aminosilicone, developed as part of a previous DOE-funded program. A manufacturing plan for the solvent and price model will be used for optimization, and combined with a rigorous process model and thorough manufacturability analysis for the solvent, will enable a practical technology path to later development at larger scales and commercialization.

    The Center will use $608,570 to develop novel polymer membranes that have the potential to meet DOE's CO2 capture goals by permitting CO2 to pass through to produce a concentrated CO2 stream while blocking all other gases. Physical, chemical, and mechanical stability of the materials toward coal flue gas components will be evaluated using exposure and performance tests, and other analyses will be conducted to evaluate the overall performance and impact of the process on the cost of electricity. (Source: DOE, August, 25, 2011) Contact: GE, www.ge.com

    More Energy Overviews General Electric news,  Carbon Capture Technology news,  CCS R&D news,  


    Masdar Carbon, RTI, DOE Partner in CCS Research Project (R&D)
    Masdar,RTI International
    Date: 2011-08-25
    Masdar today announced its collaboration with RTI International, an independent non-profit research institute, on a high potential carbon capture technology research project set to revolutionize the carbon capture and storage (CCS) space. The project will examine CO2 from coal and gas-fired power station flue gases, targeting a significant cost reduction in CO2 capture over the best available technology today.

    The US DOE and Masdar Carbon are co-funding the innovative research in an agreement that sees Masdar provide an additional $700,000 in funding to the DOE's core $3 million budget. According to Masdar Carbon Associate Director Bader al Lamki, "Masdar Carbon is committed to the innovation and development of clean fossil fuel technologies aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions both locally and globally. We are excited to work with RTI International and the US Department of Energy on this innovative project which has the potential to revolutionize both the economics and technology of CCS practices." (Source; Masdar Carbon, August, 23, 2011) Contact: Bader Al Lamki, Associate Director of Masdar Carbon, +971 2 653 3333 / 800

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    Study Develops CCS Tools (R&D)
    University of Saskatchewan,Carbon Management Canada
    Date: 2011-08-25
    University of Saskatchewan geological engineering researcher Chris Hawkes is putting the squeeze on rocks in a project that will involve laboratory testing and the development of new, powerful computer simulations to find out how to inject CO2 deep underground and make sure it stays there. The project is supported by a $633,000 grant from Carbon Management Canada (CMC), a Network of Centers of Excellence that supports game-changing research to radically reduce carbon emissions from the fossil energy industry.

    The innovative multi-institution project is an integral part of finding out whether CCS is a viable option to help deal with CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants. There are about 50 such plants in Canada, each producing more than a million tonnes of the GHG per year.

    While the typical rate of injection in CO2 storage pilot studies is one megatonne (million tonnes) per year or less, it is thought this rate needs to be several times higher. Enhanced simulation tools, such as those developed by this research, will allow engineers to predict and respond to changing conditions at CO2 storage sites where the rate of injection is an expected 10 to 30 megatonnes per year. (Source: University of Sask., Exchange, August, 24, 2011) Contact: Chris Hawkes, University of Saskatchewan, (306)966-5753, chris.hawkes@usask.ca

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    Univ. of Kentucky Scores $14 million for Coal, CCS Research (Funding, R&D)
    University of Kentucky
    Date: 2011-08-17
    The DOE is giving the University of Kentucky (UK) a $14 million grant earmarked for coal technology and CCS research.According to the UK Center for Applied Energy director Rodney Andrews, the Center is developing a technology that could capture carbon more efficiently and the DOE grant will aid that research. The Center's research focuses around channeling waste heat towards the carbon capture process. The research will use waste heat from the power plant to power the carbon capture process. It aims to remove 90 percent of the carbon dioxide while only increasing electricity costs by 35 percent. The four year project cost is estimated to be $67 million, including $15 million in non-federal cost sharing. The system will be deployed at a power plant in Kentucky.

    Andrews reiterated that since much of the nation's carbon capture R&D has stalled or been scuttled because it is hard to justify the expense without a government-mandated price on carbon. Andrews adds that it is critical that universities and other public institutions fill the gap that the private sector has left.(Source: DOE, August, 15, 2011) Contact: Rodney Andrews, Director, UK Center for Applied Energy, (859) 257-0200, rodney.andrews@uky.edu

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    CCS Will Need Support Beyond 2020 - ZEP Study (Ind. Report)
    Zero Emissions Platform
    Date: 2011-07-18
    Power plants fitted with carbon capture technology will need government support beyond 2020, especially following a sharp drop in European carbon prices, an EU and industry-funded study found on Friday.

    The EU's emissions trading scheme (ETS) forces polluting factories and power plants to pay for carbon emissions, in a scheme partly intended to make green technologies competitive. The price of pollution permits EAUs called European Union allowances (EUAs) have fallen 25 percent in the past month, however, following concerns about the pace of European economic recovery. Friday's report said that CCS would need continued support after 2020, to compete with unconstrained fossil fuel power and give energy companies time to fine-tune the technology.

    The G20 has called for 20 commercial-scale CCS plants worldwide by 2020. EU states are preparing funding for 10-12 commercial projects by then. CCS has a high capital cost and also inflicts a penalty on power plant efficiency. Pilot projects around the world have been repeatedly delayed or canceled and no commercial-scale plant has yet been built. On Thursday U.S. power producer American Electric Power said that it was freezing plans to commercialize CCS, ending an agreement with the U.S. DOE, citing uncertainties over U.S. climate policy and a weak economy.

    Friday's ZEP report, The Costs of CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage, estimated that the cost of cutting emissions using CCS ranged from about €35-90 euros per tonne of CO2, after 2020, depending on the type and price of fossil fuel. That compares with an EU carbon price of about 12.3 euros on Thursday, meaning at the moment it is much cheaper for coal plants simply to buy emissions permits than to install CCS technology. The Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP) study reported wide ranges in its cost estimates depending on for example on assumptions about fuel prices. It concluded that, regardless of those assumptions, the cost would be less if projects were coordinated into clusters, transporting CO2 from several sources into a single sink. (Source: ZEP, July, 15, 2011) Contact: Graeme Sweeney, Chair , Zero Emissions Platform, an EU-industry initiative, +32-(0)2-401-6124 , www.zeroemissionsplatform.eu

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    CCS Nova Scotia Issues CCS RFP (Ind. Report)
    CCS Nova Scotia
    Date: 2011-06-29
    In Atlantic Canada, CCS Nova Scotia has issued the attached RFP to identify and select an outside independent organization to perform the services described in the RFP Statement of Work (Section 8). The RFP provides information that will allow a proponent to understand the scope of the effort and develop a proposal in the format requested by CCS Nova Scotia. This competitive procurement will be conducted in an effort to maximize the benefit to CCS Nova Scotia, while offering proponents and the community a fair and equitable opportunity to participate.(Source: CCS Nova Scotia, June, 28, 2011)

    Access full RPF HERE Contact: Carl Poirier, P. Eng., Program Manager, Carbon Capture and Storage Research Consortium of Nova Scotia, (902) 492-3312,cpoirier@ccsnovascotia.ca


    Seabed CCS Risk Assessment Wins EU Support (Funding)
    Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences
    Date: 2011-05-24
    The EU funded ECO2 project to evaluate the potential impact of CO2 leakage from sub-seabed storage sites on marine ecosystems is now underway with 27 project partners from nine countries studying existing sub-seabed Norwegian storage sites as well as natural seafloor seepage to assess the safety of storage sites and the impact of potential CO2 leakage on the marine ecosystem. The project is being coordinated by the Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR) in Kiel, Germany.

    The EC considers CCS as a potentially important technology for the reduction of GHG emissions and the mitigation of climate change. Since several European states (U.K., Norway, Netherlands, Italy) aim to store CO2 below the seabed, more work needs to be done to evaluate the safety of these sub-seabed storage sites. The EU has thus allocated €10.5 million to the ECO2 project to evaluate the likelihood of leakage, the possible impacts on marine ecosystems, and the potential economic and legal consequences of leakage from sub-seabed storage sites.

    Potential risks of sub-seabed CO2 storage will be assessed comprehensively by a large team of geologists, biologists, chemists, economists, lawyers and social scientists from leading academic institutions and private companies. After four years they will provide not only a comprehensive risk assessment but also guidelines for monitoring and a best environmental practice guide for preparation and management of storage sites. To meet these requirements the scientists will study the two existing Norwegian offshore CO2 storage sites Sleipner and Snohvit as well as the B3 field in the Polish Baltic Sea, which could potentially be used as a storage site. They will reassess whether or not gas is being released at these sites, how it could be transported through the different strata of the seafloor and the water column, and which reactions are involved. Comparative data will be obtained at natural CO2 seeps off Italy (Panarea), Japan (Okinawa Trough), Germany (Salt dome Juist), and Norway (Jan Mayen). Advanced instrumentation for monitoring of storage sites will be tested in the field during more than a dozen research cruises. The likelihood of leakage and the impact on marine organisms and ecosystems will be evaluated not only in the field but also by laboratory experiments and numerical modeling.

    A dedicated working group will study how the public is responding to offshore CO2 storage projects. The project results will be continually communicated to the general public and a stakeholder dialogue will be implemented with representatives from environmental NGO's, EU administrations, and operators of CCS projects. The first expeditions will already be conducted during spring and summer 2011 to monitor the seafloor and evaluate the safety of the storage sites located in the North Sea and Barents Sea. (Source: Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, May, 20, 2011) Contact: Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), www.ifm-geomar.de

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    CIUDEN Launches PISCO2 Pilot Project (Int'l, R&D)
    CIUDEN
    Date: 2011-05-24
    The Fundacion Ciudad de la Energia (CIUDEN), a Spanish state foundation created in 2006 for CCS R&D has launched a new Project to develop biomonitoring strategies of potential CO2 leakages through testing biogeochemical effects of CO2 injection in soils. The test site for CO2 injection in soils (known by its Spanish acronym as PISCO2) consists of 18 cells of concrete excavated in the ground; each of them, with an area of 16 square meters and a depth of 2.5 meters. These cells will be filled with soils from different areas of Spain with potential CO2 storage capability, including Hontomin (Burgos), where CIUDEN's CO2 Storage Technological Development Plant is under development.

    The facility will test how small CO2 diffuse leakages can influence the vegetation, microorganisms, lichens and soils and aims to find useful, cheap and ecological bio-indicators of any CO2 concentration variation in wide areas. It will also serve as a laboratory for agricultural tests of the beneficial effects of low CO2 emissions. In addition, the installation will be a tool to test and calibrate measurement instruments such as accumulation chambers, sensors, etc.

    Construction began in April 2011 and the project is slated to be fully operational in October 2011. The research team is comprised of a multidisciplinary group of biologists, chemists, geologists and other collaborators. The EU has funded the project, the first research phase of which is estimated at €1 million. The results obtained will be applied to CIUDEN's CO2 Storage site in Hontomin, Burgos (Spain) which is planned to be completely operational in early 2013. (Source: CIUDEN, May, 2011) Contact: CIUDEN, + 34 987 456 323, www.ciuden.es

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    CCS Demos in Developing Countries; Who picks up the Tab? (Int'l, Ind. Report)
    WRI,Clean Energy Ministerial
    Date: 2011-04-25
    On April 7th, a group of 24 Energy Ministers from countries collectively responsible for over 80% of global energy consumption met in Abu Dhabi for the 2nd Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and agreed to increase efforts to deploy CCS on a commercial scale worldwide. In addition to this general agreement, the governments of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Republic of Korea, South Africa, the UAE, U.S. and the UK agreed to initiate one or more concrete actions on CCS before the next Clean Energy Ministerial, which will be hosted next year in London. This announcement may provide a major boost to CCS technology, if countries can find a way to finance such projects.

    The agreement came in the wake of recommendations set forth by the Carbon Capture Use and Storage (CCUS) Action Group—led by the UK and Australia and composed of 13 governments and 14 international institutions, including WRI - which included the need to identify and advance appropriate funding mechanisms to support the demonstration of large-scale CCS projects in developing economies.

    In its 2009 CCS Roadmap, the International Energy Agency estimated that 3,400 CCS projects will be needed by 2050 to meet the global climate change mitigation challenge and two-thirds of them will need to be implemented in developing countries. However, CCS development in a non-OECD context has been slow to start, especially when it comes to large-scale (greater than 1 million tons of CO2 per year) demonstration projects. One of the main barriers to CCS demonstrations in developing countries is their significant cost. Accordingly, WRI sees the need to develop effective financing strategies to enable the implementation of CCS demo projects worldwide.

    Progress on all three fronts will be needed for effective implementation of CCS projects in developing countries in order to move forward on answering the key questions in CCS development and deployment. It is unlikely that any of these three channels will on their own have the necessary scale and delivery conditions to fund CCS demonstrations. However, by complementing each other, there is a good chance that enough momentum can be generated to get CCS demonstrations up and running globally. In turn, the learning generated from these demonstrations will enable non-OECD countries to better gauge the potential of the technology for their local context.(Source: WRI, April, 21,2011)

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