Crimson Bioenergy Ltd.has extensive forest management, forest ecosystem restoration, energy crops and greenhouse gas offsets (carbon credits) expertise and is focused on the development of longer-term wood fibre/carbon credit plantations that meet the terms of "afforestation" under forest carbon offset programs. It also is developing reforestation projects on under-utilized agricultural lands for the expanding biomass energy market that involve short rotation, high density hybrid poplar plantations, called 'energy crops', with 3-to-10 year growth cycles. (Source: MENAFN, 19 July, 2013) Contact: Crimson Bioenergy Ltd., William Carr, CEO, (604) 574-3100, www.crimsonbioenergy.com
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According to Fernando Raga, the president of the Chilean Wood Corporation (CORMA), these figures show the importance of planting forests for Chile -- a situation that applies to the rest of the world. Among the four billion hectares of forests in the world, only 7 percent are planted forests, but they provide two thirds of the current wood production, alleviating the pressure on native woodland.
Raga says that forest plantation in Chile has doubled in nearly 30 years, increasing from 1.1 million hectares in 1984 to 2.4 million hectares in 2012.
The size of native woodland has been relatively stable since the National Cadastre of Native Vegetation Resources of Chile (1994-1997) landmark assessment on land resources.
At that time native woodland represented 13.4 million hectares, while the last update indicates that it reached 13.6 million hectares in 2011 -- a net gain of 200,000 hectares in 15 years. (Source: WorldCrunch, July 14, 2013)
Tags Aforestation news, REDD+ news, Reforestation news, Deforestation news, Carbon Credits news,
The ACCUs were created using a federal government approved methodology developed earlier this year by CO2 Australia that allows carbon project proponents to account for carbon in reforestation and afforestation projects using field-based measurements. (Source: Newmont Australia, Climate Spec., 6 June, 2013) Contact: CO2 Australia, +61 3 9928 5111, info@http://www.co2australia.com.au, http://www.co2australia.com.au; Newmont Mining Corp. (Australia), www.newmont.com
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Forests currently cover about 4000 million ha and, excluding woodlands under 0.5 ha, or primarily within agricultural or urban land uses, are estimated to store around 650 GtC, including around 290 GtC both in forest biomass and in soils, and 70 GtC in deadwood and litter. While comparisons are sensitive to definitional issues such as the depth of soil carbon covered, the latter estimates imply that the amount currently stored is of a similar order of magnitude to the total amount of carbon now in the earth's atmosphere -- currently around 800 GtC.
Forestry has a potentially very significant contribution to make globally and might contribute two-thirds of the total climate change mitigation potential of land management activities. There are two principal ways in which it can contribute: deforestation and afforestation/reforestation.
Deforestation is a major source of GHG emissions. This is the reason, for instance, that forestry was the third largest source of global emissions in 2004, accounting for around 17 percent of the total in that year. It's also the reason that it has contributed an estimated 45 percent of the total increase in atmospheric CO2 since 1850. In the absence of mitigation efforts, deforestation could result in an increase of 30 ppm in atmospheric CO2 by 2100, making stabilization of atmospheric GHG concentrations at a level that avoids the worst effects of climate change highly unlikely. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is therefore a very important climate change mitigation activity if the international community's current climate stabilization aspirations are to be met, especially in countries where the level of annual deforestation is high.
Afforestation and reforestation activities can make significant contributions to sequestering atmospheric carbon, as well as providing a renewable source of energy and materials to substitute for use of fossil fuels and more fossil-carbon-intensive materials. By itself, carbon sequestration by forests is best viewed as a component of mitigation strategies -- however, it is far from sufficient to sequester total emissions from burning fossil fuels.
Under business-as-usual scenarios global emissions from burning fossil fuels may be of the order of 1800 GtC to 2100 GtC over the twenty-first century, exceeding the maximum potential human-induced forest carbon sink by a factor of 5-10. (Source: UK Forestry Commission, 20 May, 2013) Contact: UK Forestry Commission, http://www.forestry.gov.uk
Tags REDD news, Deforestation news, Reforestation news, Climate Change Mitigation news,
BluForest Inc. will sell offsets in the voluntary markets under the UN principle of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+). The company has offices in Quito, Ecuador and Calgary, Alberta, Canada. (Source: BluForest, PR, 26 Nov., 2012) Contact: BluForest, (855) 509-5508, [email protected], www.bluforest.com
Tags REDD news, Carbon Credit Trading news, Deforestation news, Afforestation news,
In 2011, China completed afforestation across nearly six million hectares and upgraded 788,800 hectares of forest that had been haunted by low yield capacity and low protection efficiency. More than 2.51 billion trees were planted in volunteer tree-planting drives in 2011, and China's urban green areas reached 2.24 million hectares, according to the report released by China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
The State Forestry Administration has formulated a five-point action plan for forestry departments to mitigate climate change in the years until 2015. The action plan includes accelerating afforestation, improving forest management, strengthening forest resources administration, enhancing forest disaster prevention and control and fostering emerging forestry industries.
China has also made efforts to increase its grassland carbon sinks, the report said. In 2011, the State Council disbursed 13.6 billion yuan ($2.16 billion) to develop a subsidy and award mechanism for grassland conservation in nine provincial areas. Approximately 10.57 million farm households benefited from the subsidy and award policy in 2011. The policy was extended to cover herding areas in 2012 as part of the project to return grazing land to more than 4.4 million hectares of grassland.
To strengthen agricultural carbon sinks, the central government committed 30 million yuan to promote conservation farming technology. It has also invested a total of 300 million yuan in conservation farming projects.
The carbon storage capacity of farmland soil can be increased by 20 percent by the application of conservation farming technology, which would help cut farmland CO2and other GHG emissions by 0.61-1.27 tonnes per hectare annually. This, if applied nationally, would amount to an annual reduction of more than 3 million tons of CO2, the report said. (Source: shanghaidaily.com, 21 Nov., 2012)
Tags Carbon Sinks news, Reforestation news, Afforstation news, Greenhouse Gas Emissions news,
The state government has already acquired land for the project and
a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) detailing the state's involvement and investment is expected to be signed shortly. (Source: Business Day, 26 April, 2012)
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CSQ and ERA have amended the amount of VERs to be delivered under their agreement to the 129,545 VERs being transferred, with CSQ retaining full rights to the additional VER's that will be resulting from the project.
William W. Carr, President and CEO of Crimson stated, "We are excited to complete the validation on the Flatrock project and the transfer of VERs to ERA. We view the Flatrock project as a critical step to bringing this under-utilized land back to working forest. The Flatrock lands are a great initial acquisition for the Company."
Duncan Manson, CEO of ERA states, "We are pleased to see this important pilot carbon project achieve this milestone and deliver its first tonnes [or 'VERs.'] We'd like to congratulate Crimson for their diligent work in envisioning the project and bringing it to life. The Flatrock project demonstrates the efficacy of using carbon finance as a mechanism to help address the forest restoration needs of British Columbia." (Source: Crimson Bioenergy, January 2012) Crimson Bioenergy Ltd., William Carr, CEO, (604) 574-3100; ERA Carbon Offsets, Duncan Manson CEO, (604) 973-6500
Tags VERs news, Afforestation news, Crimson Bioenergy news, ERA Carbon Offsets news,
(Source: Crimson Bioenergy, January 2012) Contact: Crimson Bioenergy Ltd., Peter Fentiman, Investor Relations, (604) 210-0899, www.crimsonbioenergy.com;
ERA Carbon Offsets, Duncan Manson, CEO, OR John Block, Director of Operations, (604) 973- 6500 x 110, www.eracarbonoffsets.com
Tags VERs news, ERA Carbon Offsets news, Afforestation news,
The primary hurdle to implement Mississippi Delta restoration is the price tag, estimated between $10 billion for near-term restoration to $150 billion for broader restoration and protection measures. Louisiana's Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast recently estimated that between $20 billion and $50 billion will realistically be available for funding over the next 50 years, but acknowledged a budget up to five times that size could be needed. Under the new methodology, carbon credits created by restoring wetlands can be registered and sold to help finance additional wetland restoration. (Source: American Carbon Registry) Contact: American Carbon Registry, Mary Grady, Director of Membership and Registry Services, (703) 525-9430, ext. 820, [email protected], www.americancarbonregistry.org
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Through the use of gene recombination technology, Toyota recently developed a new strain of yeast that will play an important role in the fermentation process for producing cellulosic ethanol. Fermentation of xylose, one of the sugars produced when plant fibers are broken down in the enzymatic saccharification process, is normally difficult to achieve with naturally occurring yeasts. Toyota's newly developed yeast is not only highly efficient at fermenting xylose but also highly resistant to such fermentation-inhibiting substances as acetic acid. As a result, the yeast has achieved one of the highest ethanol fermentation density levels in the world* (approximately 47 g/liter), and is expected to improve bio-fuel yield and significantly reduce production costs.
Research at Toyota is underway on developing comprehensive technologies for the various processes involved in producing cellulosic ethanol, including raw material pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification and yeast fermentation.
Ultimately, the Company plans to further improve bio-fuel production yield and to cooperate with energy companies to realize its goal of commercializing cellulosic ethanol by 2020. (Source: Toyota, October, 3, 2011)
Contact: Toyota, www.toyota.com
According to Reuters, the Republic of the Congo is seeking donor support and international investments of $2.6 billion for the initiative.
Although the plan is being sold as environmental reforestation, it could easily be construed as effort to attract investment in plantation products. According to a press release from the government, the plantations will use both native and exotic species. "Through this program, developers of biofuels, pulp and paper, medium fiberboard and high density of essential oils and find investment opportunities in the plantations to meet wood-term needs of and oil industry," a Congo government press release states.
Environmentalists blame expansion of industrial plantations—oil palm, wood-pulp, and rubber—for driving large-scale destruction of forests, especially in Southeast Asia. Forest loss has further imperiled already-endangered species and emitted vast quantities of GHGs.
Logging and illegal logging are the primary threat to Africa's great Congo rainforest, the second largest in the world after the Amazon.(Source: Mongabay, August,10, 2011)
More Energy Overviews Reforestation news, Afforestation news,
The report notes that the first afforestation and reforestation (A/R) scheme was registered in China in 2006, but subsequent schemes did not follow until 2009 because the UN was slow in developing the registration process for the sector. The report adds that once the processes were established the "methodologies for forestry projects were complex and unclear", before warning that later attempts to refine the rules did not go far enough.
The Bank has supported 13 of the 27 projects through its BioCarbon Fund, which since it started seven years ago has generated 8.6 million emission offsets primarily by restoring degraded land. Its analysis concludes that these activities can generate emission reductions, increase resilience to climate change, and conserve biodiversity as well as create strong socio-economic benefits for local communities.
However, it warns that many of these projects face lead times of up to four years if they are to register with the CDM, while also predicting that they will require assistance overcoming land eligibility and non-permanence issues, designed to address the risk that the trees burn down and lose their carbon stock. (Source: World Bank, Business Green, July, 5, 2011)
Contact: World Bank, www.worldbank.org
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The report, released at the Africa Carbon Forum in Marrakesh, Morocco, finds that A/R projects in developing countries face numerous regulatory, capacity, finance and land tenure issues. Despite these barriers, the projects are not only mitigating climate change by contributing to the storage of carbon dioxide, they are also improving rural livelihoods, increasing resilience to climate change, conserving biodiversity, and restoring degraded lands.
"Since 2004, the World Bank's BioCarbon Fund has built one of the largest portfolios of afforestation and reforestation projects under the UN's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)," said Joelle Chassard, Manager, Carbon Finance Unit of the World Bank. "When analyzing the most efficient mitigation opportunities in developing countries, it is important to look toward the future while taking stock of what has worked and what has not. This report provides important lessons for project developers, validators, regulators, and national authorities" The BioCF is a public-private initiative mobilizing resources for projects that sequester or conserve carbon in forest- and agro-ecosystems. To date, the Fund has contracted 8.6 million emission reductions from 21 projects, most of which are on degraded lands. More than half of the projects involve planting trees for the purpose of environmental restoration. It demonstrates that land-based activities can generate emission reductions with strong environmental and socio-economic benefits for local communities. The report, The BioCarbon Fund Experience - Insights from Afforestation and Reforestation CDM Projects, documents lessons from the early years of implementing A/R projects in developing countries.
It finds that these types of projects have proven challenging to develop and implement. Complex rules for designing CDM projects are among the obstacles, as is land eligibility and non-permanence. Non-permanence, for example the risk that trees burn down and thus lose their carbon stock, is currently addressed through temporary crediting, which can limit the demand for forest carbon assets. The report suggests a number of improvements that could make the implementation of these projects easier for project developers and government officials. (Source: World Bank, July, 5, 2011)
Find more information on the BioCarbon Fund
Contact: Joelle Chassard, Manager, Carbon Finance Unit of the World Bank, (202) 473-1000, www.worldbank.org
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The company introduced ISO 50001 to front-end TFT and back-end module facilities based on its obtained certifications such as ISO 14001, ISO 14064, and LEED. The goal is to achieve 25% energy savings in 2015, with 2010 as the base year. The focus of the ISO 50001 certification is on production energy management. With such a scheme implemented, 10% energy conservation could be achieved for AUO's G8.5 fab in Central Taiwan Science Park in 2011. An estimated 55 million kWh of electricity will be saved, and 35 thousand tons of carbon emissions reduced, the equivalent effect of the afforestation of nine New York City Central Parks. Approximately 5% of energy could be saved at AUO's Suzhou TV module plant, equivalent of around 1.5 million kWh of electricity.
In the future, AUO plans to advance the ISO 50001 energy management system to each fabrication. By means of energy source management, energy performance will also be taken into account in procurement to enhance value chain energy management.(Source: AUO, June, 23, 2011)
Contact: International Organization for Standardization,+41 22 749 01 11, www.iso.org
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Since 2008 New Zealand has had a carbon price of NZ$12.50 ($10) per tonne of carbon, which is due to rise to NZ$25 by 2013. Australia's initial carbon price is expected to be between $20 and $30 per tonne when and if the scheme is introduced in July, 2012. New Zealand prime minister John Key says the scheme has been a success in his country and has led to more applications for renewable energy generation and afforestation.
Officials from both countries will begin work soon to link the two emission trading schemes "at an appropriate point in the future".
However Australia's scheme is by no means certain, as no agreement has been made in the Multi-Party Climate Change Committee. (Source: ABC net, June, 20, 2011)
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The Project areas contain an aggregate 4,823 hectares of privately owned lands in post-agricultural, degraded conditions. The Proponent has planned the planting of 24,248,000 trees, primarily consisting of various native species, on a 3,599 hectare portion of the total land area. The Project is expected to increase carbon stocks through Biomass Growth and Soil Organic Carbon by approximately 10,730 tonnes of Carbon (tC) per year over 40 years, equivalent to a total of approximately 429,000 tC. The expected annual atmospheric CO2 removals resulting from the Project are 37,500 tonnes CO2 emissions (tCO2e), equalling a total of approximately 1,500,000 tCO2e over the 40 year crediting period of the project.
CFS has developed comprehensive Project Design Documents using IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (GPG-LULUCF, 2003) Methodology, which defines universally accepted methods for estimating, measuring, monitoring, and reporting on carbon stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions. GPG-LULUCF 2003 is compatible with ISO 14064-2 and provides methodologies and guidance for emissions accounting and "good practices" to ensure transparency, consistency, and completeness in reporting and documenting all GHG assertions.
CFS anticipates that the project will meet validation requirements within 3 months of application. The VERs will be validated and verified to the ISO 14064-2 specification for quantification, monitoring and reporting of GHG emission reductions or removal enhancements. The Project's anticipated 1,500,000 high-quality VERs are expected to obtain the average 2009 over-the-counter price of $6.50 USD per tCO2e , equivalent to a total $9,750,000 USD in revenue. The CFS selects the conservative market value of $5.00 per tCO2, equivalent to $7,500,000 in revenue from the sale of the carbon offsets. (Source:
Carbon Friendly Solutions Inc., April,20,2011) Contact: Carbon Friendly Solutions,Stan Lis, CEO, (604) 676-9792, [email protected], www.carbonfriendly.com
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Using remote sensing data combined with ground-based inventory data, researchers from the University of New Hampshire and the US Forest Service have identified spatial patterns of carbon sink/source dynamics associated with three major disturbances – land cover change, forest harvesting and wildfires. Researcher Daolan Zheng and his colleagues analyzed the roles of growth, disturbance and land-cover change across the contiguous 48 states of the US, highlighting regional differences that are important both for ecological interpretation and policy implications.
Zheng says that this approach was needed because of differences in the implications for forest carbon. "Afforestation represents a process of gradual carbon accumulation, whereas deforestation usually indicates a sudden loss of carbon. Reporting by these land-use change categories is needed, and this is currently not available."
The researchers estimate that forest-related land-cover change contributed 33% of the total effect of reducing the forest carbon potential sink, whereas harvests and fires accounted for 63% and 4% of the reduction, respectively.
The researchers believe the study provides a first step toward a methodology that could eventually be worked into the US forest greenhouse-gas inventory system to augment the existing approaches. (Source: Institute of Physics, March 15, 2011 )
Initial investment and start-up costs are tentatively pegged at $8 million and the construction of a pelleting plant at $28 million. The ROI is calculated at 3 years from start of operations.
The Mozambican investment climate for such a large biomass operation is favorable, especially in light of promising CDM afforestation/reforestation and carbon sequestration considerations. (Source: Low carbon Economy, March 8,2011)
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Beyond addressing the emissions associated with business operations, MXenergy encourages its employees and business partners to reduce consumption of resources through smart energy and transportation management.
As a national supplier of natural gas and electricity with more than 500,000 customers nationwide, MXenergy maintains a commitment to working with customers to reduce their environmental impact. The company offers a program for customers to offset the emissions associated with their utility purchases.
As part of its membership in the CCX, MXenergy has identified its annual carbon emissions of about 891 metric tons and has retired the same amount of emission reduction credits to make its national operations carbon neutral. (Source: MXenergy, February 8,2011)
Contact: Marjorie Kass, Managing Director, MXenergy, (203) 356-1318 ext. 7801, [email protected], www.mxenergy.com
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